Hans F. K. Günther

Hans F.K. GüntherHans GüntherHans Friedrich Karl GüntherGünther, Hans F. K.GÜNTHER, Hans Friedrich Karl
Hans Friedrich Karl Günther (16 February 1891 – 25 September 1968) was a German writer and eugenicist in the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.wikipedia
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Nazism and race

Nazi racial ideologyAryanNazi racial theories
He is considered to have been a major influence on Nazi racialist thought.
Hitler and Nazi racial theorist Hans F. K. Günther framed this as an issue to be corrected through selective breeding for "Nordic" traits.

Nordicism

NordicistNordicNordic ideologist
Günther's Short Ethnology of the German People (1929) was a popular exposition of Nordicism.
Hans F. K. Günther, one of Fischer's students, first defined "Nordic thought" in his programmatic book Der Nordische Gedanke unter den Deutschen.

Dinaric race

DinaricdinarizationNoric race
Günther divided the European population into six races, the Nordic, Phalic, Eastern, Western, Dinaric and East Baltic.
The concept of a Dinaric race originated with Joseph Deniker in the late 19th century, but became most closely associated with the writings of Carleton S. Coon and Nazi eugenicist Hans F. K. Günther.

Wilhelm Frick

FRICKDr. Wilhelm FrickFRICK, Wilhelm
In May 1930 he was appointed to the University of Jena by Wilhelm Frick who had become the first NSDAP minister in a state government when he was appointed minister of education in the right-wing coalition government formed in Thuringen following an election in December 1929.
Frick also appointed the eugenicist Hans F. K. Günther as a professor of social anthropology at the University of Jena, banned several newspapers, and banned pacifist drama and anti-war films such as All Quiet on the Western Front.

Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes

Günther in his book Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes (Racial Science of the German People) categorized Germans as belonging to the Nordic, Mediterranean, Dinaric, Alpine and East Baltic races.
Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes (English: Racial Science of the German People), is a book written by German race researcher and Nazi Party member Hans Günther and published in 1922.

Propaganda in Nazi Germany

Nazi propagandapropagandaNazi propaganda film
This definition of "race" was used in Nazi propaganda.
Other books such as Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes (Ethnology of German People) by Hans F. K. Günther and Rasse und Seele (Race and Soul) by Dr.

East Baltic race

East BalticOriental
Günther divided the European population into six races, the Nordic, Phalic, Eastern, Western, Dinaric and East Baltic.
The term East Baltic race was coined by the anthropologist Rolf Nordenstreng, but was popularised by the race theorist Hans F. K. Günther.

Alpine race

AlpineHomo alpinusAlpines
"Western" and "Eastern" were, in practice, alternatives for the more widely used terms "Mediterranean" and "Alpine".
The German Nazi Party under the influence direction of Hans F. K. Günther, recognized the Germans as including five racial subtypes, described by Günther in his work Kleine Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes (1929): Nordic, Alpine, Mediterranean, East Baltic, and Dinaric, viewing Nordics as being at the top of the racial hierarchy.

Bruno Beger

Among Günther's disciples was Bruno Beger who, after an expedition to Tibet, concluded that the Tibetan peoples had characteristics that placed them between the Nordic and Mongol races, and were thus superior to other East Asians.
Beger was born in 1911 to an old Heidelberg family that soon after came upon hard times when Beger's father was killed in World War I, but a family friend paid for him to attend the University of Jena where he was first exposed to Hans F. K. Günther during a lecture, a man who would encourage him through his early academic career in anthropology and ethnology.

Nordic race

NordicNordicistNordic theory
Günther divided the European population into six races, the Nordic, Phalic, Eastern, Western, Dinaric and East Baltic.
In Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes (Racial Science of the German People), published 1922, Hans F. K. Günther identified five principal European races instead of three, adding the East Baltic race (related to the Alpine race) and Dinaric race (related to the Nordic race) to Ripley's categories.

Scientific racism

biological racismscientific racistrace science
Books such as Rassenkunde des deutschen Volkes ("Ethnology of the German People") by Hans F. K. Günther and Rasse und Seele ("Race and Soul") by de:Ludwig Ferdinand Clauß attempted to scientifically identify differences between the German, Nordic, or Aryan people and other, supposedly inferior, groups.

List of German-language authors

German writerauthorGerman author
Hans Friedrich Karl Günther (16 February 1891 – 25 September 1968) was a German writer and eugenicist in the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.

Eugenics

eugenicisteugeniceugenicists
Hans Friedrich Karl Günther (16 February 1891 – 25 September 1968) was a German writer and eugenicist in the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.

Weimar Republic

GermanyWeimar GermanyWeimar
Hans Friedrich Karl Günther (16 February 1891 – 25 September 1968) was a German writer and eugenicist in the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
Hans Friedrich Karl Günther (16 February 1891 – 25 September 1968) was a German writer and eugenicist in the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.

University of Jena

JenaJena UniversityFriedrich Schiller University of Jena
He taught at the universities of Jena, Berlin, and Freiburg, writing numerous books and essays on racial theory.

Humboldt University of Berlin

University of BerlinBerlinHumboldt University
He taught at the universities of Jena, Berlin, and Freiburg, writing numerous books and essays on racial theory.

University of Freiburg

FreiburgFreiburg UniversityAlbert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
He taught at the universities of Jena, Berlin, and Freiburg, writing numerous books and essays on racial theory. He studied comparative linguistics at Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg, but also attended lectures on zoology and geography.

Zoology

zoologistzoologicalzoologists
He studied comparative linguistics at Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg, but also attended lectures on zoology and geography.

Geography

geographicalgeographicgeographer
He studied comparative linguistics at Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg, but also attended lectures on zoology and geography.

Sorbonne

the SorbonneSorbonne UniversitySorbonne, Paris
In 1911, he spent a semester at the Sorbonne, Paris.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
In the same year he enlisted in the infantry at the outbreak of World War I, but became sick and was hospitalized.