Hans Sloane

Sir Hans SloaneSloaneSloane of ChelseaHansSir Hans Sloane, Bart.Sir Hans Sloane, BtSloane CollectionSloane manuscripts
Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753), was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection of 71,000 items to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum, the British Library and the Natural History Museum, London.wikipedia
257 Related Articles

Natural History Museum, London

Natural History MuseumBritish Museum (Natural History)British Museum
Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753), was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection of 71,000 items to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum, the British Library and the Natural History Museum, London.
The foundation of the collection was that of the Ulster doctor Sir Hans Sloane (1660–1753), who allowed his significant collections to be purchased by the British Government at a price well below their market value at the time.

British Museum

the British MuseumBrit. Mus.British
Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753), was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection of 71,000 items to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum, the British Library and the Natural History Museum, London.
Egyptian antiquities have formed part of the British Museum collection ever since its foundation in 1753 after receiving 160 Egyptian objects from Sir Hans Sloane.

Chelsea, London

ChelseaChelsea FieldChelsea in London
His name was later used for streets and places such as Hans Place, Hans Crescent, and Sloane Square in and around Chelsea, London – the area of his final residence – and also for Sir Hans Sloane Square in his birthplace in Ireland, Killyleagh. His purchase of the manor of Chelsea, London, in 1712, provided the grounds for the Chelsea Physic Garden.
These include Lord and Lady Dacre (1594/1595); Lady Jane Cheyne (1698); Francis Thomas, "director of the china porcelain manufactory"; Sir Hans Sloane (1753); Thomas Shadwell, Poet Laureate (1692).

Killyleagh

Killileagh
His name was later used for streets and places such as Hans Place, Hans Crescent, and Sloane Square in and around Chelsea, London – the area of his final residence – and also for Sir Hans Sloane Square in his birthplace in Ireland, Killyleagh.
It was the birthplace of Hans Sloane. He began collecting plants and birds eggs on the shores of Strangford Lough and his accumulation grew into a priceless collection that formed the nucleus of the British Museum. He was also personal physician to King George II.

Hot chocolate

cocoahot cocoadrinking chocolate
Sloane was a renowned medical doctor among the aristocracy and was elected to the Royal College of Physicians by age 27. He is credited with creating drinking chocolate.
In the late 17th century, Hans Sloane, president of the Royal College of Physicians, visited Jamaica.

Collecting

collectorcollectorscollection
Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753), was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection of 71,000 items to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum, the British Library and the Natural History Museum, London.
Hans Sloane — natural history

Royal Society

FRSFellow of the Royal SocietyRoyal Society of London
Sloane was elected to the Royal Society in 1685. He became secretary to the Royal Society in 1693, and edited the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society for twenty years.
Although the overall fellowship contained few noted scientists, most of the council were highly regarded, and included at various times John Hadley, William Jones and Hans Sloane.

British Library

The British LibraryBLBritish Museum Library
Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753), was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection of 71,000 items to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum, the British Library and the Natural History Museum, London.
Sloane manuscripts

Charles Cadogan, 2nd Baron Cadogan

Charles CadoganCadoganCharles
Sarah married George Stanley of Paultons and Elizabeth married Charles Cadogan, the future Second Baron Cadogan.
He married heiress Elizabeth Sloane, daughter of Sir Hans Sloane, Bt. on 25 July 1717 at St. George the Martyr, Queen Square, London.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

Philosophical TransactionsPhil. Trans.Transactions
He became secretary to the Royal Society in 1693, and edited the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society for twenty years.
By the mid-eighteenth century, the most notable editors, besides Oldenburg, were Hans Sloane, James Jurin and Cromwell Mortimer.

Fulke Rose

Sloane married Elizabeth Langley Rose, the widow of Fulke Rose of Jamaica, and daughter of alderman John Langley; she was a wealthy heiress of sugar plantations in Jamaica worked by slaves.
In early 1688, he and Hans Sloane attended the former privateer Henry Morgan for a swollen belly and other ailments that were attributed by his doctors to excessive alcohol and lack of exercise.

Sloane Street

64 Sloane Street
Sloane Square, Sloane Street, Sloane Avenue, Sloane Grammar School and Sloane Gardens in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea are named after Sir Hans.
Sloane Street takes its name from Sir Hans Sloane, who purchased the surrounding area in 1712.

Chelsea Physic Garden

Apothecaries' GardenApothecaries GardensApothecaries' Garden at Chelsea
His purchase of the manor of Chelsea, London, in 1712, provided the grounds for the Chelsea Physic Garden.
In 1713, Dr Hans Sloane purchased from Charles Cheyne the adjacent Manor of Chelsea, about 4 acre, which he leased in 1722 to the Society of Apothecaries for £5 a year in perpetuity, requiring only that the Garden supply the Royal Society, of which he was a principal, with 50 good herbarium samples per year, up to a total of 2,000 plants.

Mary Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort (1630–1715)

Mary Somerset, Duchess of BeaufortMary SomersetDuchess of Beaufort
He had acquired the extensive natural history collections of William Courten, Cardinal Filippo Antonio Gualterio, James Petiver, Nehemiah Grew, Leonard Plukenet, the Duchess of Beaufort, the rev. Adam Buddle, Paul Hermann, Franz Kiggelaer and Herman Boerhaave.
In 1702, she engaged the services of William Sherard as tutor for her grandson, "hee loving my diversion so well. Sherard helped introduce more than 1500 plants, most of them greenhouse subjects, to her collection, at Badminton House or at Beaufort House, Chelsea. Sir Robert Southwell, Sir Hans Sloane and Jacob Bobart are all known to have sought her assistance in growing and identifying plants from unidentified seeds, some of which had come to them through the Royal Society of London.

George Edwards (naturalist)

George EdwardsEdwardsG. Edwards
George Edwards
In 1733, on the recommendation of Hans Sloane, he was appointed librarian to the Royal College of Physicians in London.

Carl Linnaeus

LinnaeusL.Linnaeus C
Sloanea, a plant genus, was named after him by Linnaeus.
However, Clifford offered to compensate Burman by offering him a copy of Sir Hans Sloane's Natural History of Jamaica, a rare book, if he let Linnaeus stay with him, and Burman accepted.

John Langley (MP)

John Langley
Sloane married Elizabeth Langley Rose, the widow of Fulke Rose of Jamaica, and daughter of alderman John Langley; she was a wealthy heiress of sugar plantations in Jamaica worked by slaves.
Langley married a daughter of Richard Middleton (Alderman 1649), and his daughter married Sir Hans Sloane.

Cabinet of curiosities

cabinets of curiositiescabinetwunderkammer
When Sloane retired in 1741, his library and cabinet of curiosities, which he took with him from Bloomsbury to his house in Chelsea, had grown to be of unique value.
British Museum in London — Sir Hans Sloane's and other collections

Adam Buddle

He had acquired the extensive natural history collections of William Courten, Cardinal Filippo Antonio Gualterio, James Petiver, Nehemiah Grew, Leonard Plukenet, the Duchess of Beaufort, the rev. Adam Buddle, Paul Hermann, Franz Kiggelaer and Herman Boerhaave.
Buddle compiled a new English Flora, completed in 1708, but it was never published; the original manuscript is preserved as part of the Sloane collection at the Natural History Museum, London.

Filippo Antonio Gualterio (cardinal)

Filippo Antonio GualterioCardinal Filippo Antonio Gualterio
He had acquired the extensive natural history collections of William Courten, Cardinal Filippo Antonio Gualterio, James Petiver, Nehemiah Grew, Leonard Plukenet, the Duchess of Beaufort, the rev. Adam Buddle, Paul Hermann, Franz Kiggelaer and Herman Boerhaave.
Founder of a monumental library, now part of the Accademia dei Lincei, and of a vast collection of art, which after his death was partly acquired by Hans Sloane and is now at the British Museum, Gualterio was elected an honorary member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (1715).

William Courten

Sir William CourteenSir William CourtenCourten
His great stroke as a collector was to acquire in 1702 (by bequest, conditional on paying of certain debts) the cabinet of curiosities owned by William Courten, who had made collecting the business of his life.
Famed physician and collector Hans Sloane acquired (by bequest, conditional on paying of certain debts) Courten's cabinet of curiosities in 1702 and later donated much of it to the British nation.

Levinus Vincent

Livinus Vincent
Levinus Vincent
He corresponded with such friends as James Petiver and Hans Sloane in England.

British Library Leyden Medical Dissertations Collection

British Library Leyden Medical Dissertations Collection
The collection was formed principally by Hans Sloane.

Irish people

IrishIrishmanIrish-born
Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753), was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection of 71,000 items to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum, the British Library and the Natural History Museum, London.

Royal College of Physicians

FRCPCollege of PhysiciansLRCP
Sloane was a renowned medical doctor among the aristocracy and was elected to the Royal College of Physicians by age 27. He is credited with creating drinking chocolate.