Hanshinkan Modernism

Former Hankyu Umeda Station Concourse in Osaka
Shukugawa Catholic Church in Nishinomiya

Hanshinkan Modernism (阪神間モダニズム) identifies the modernist arts, culture, and lifestyle that developed from the region of Japan centered primarily on the Hanshinkan conurbation between Osaka and Kobe, the ideally terrained area between the Rokkō Range and the sea (Kobe's Nada and Higashi Nada wards, Ashiya, Takarazuka, Nishinomiya, Itami, Amagasaki, Sanda, and Kawanishi) from the 1900s through the 1930s, or the circumstances of that period.

- Hanshinkan Modernism

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Takarazuka, Hyōgo

City located in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.

Takarazuka from the Muko River
Osamu Tezuka Manga Museum
Takarazuka Hotel
Takarazuka Grand Theater and Bow Hall

1910s-1940s: The age of Hanshinkan Modernism. Takarazuka was a center of the culture.

Kansai University

Private non-sectarian and coeducational university with its main campus in Suita, Osaka, Japan and two sub-campuses in Sakai and Takatsuki, Osaka.

Kansai University courtyard
Finished in 1927, the first picture of Main Building
Senriyama Campus in 1923
School of Law
The main gate of Kansai University
Center for Innovation and Creativity

Senriyama campus is located in a residential area which is part of the Hanshinkan Modernism cultural area.

Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei

Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Kōji Kumeta.

Cover of the first manga volume

Many aesthetic aspects are meant to evoke Taishō liberalism, Taishō Romanticism (see Japanese literature) and Taishō arts (see Hanshinkan Modernism).

Shōwa Modan

Style of visual arts, design, architecture, and music that was a fusion between Japanese and Western styles which emerged in the early Shōwa era during the interwar period.

Datsun advertisement featuring Takiko Mizunoe

Modernist architecture and Art Deco style were touted, particularly in the Osaka Bay area where these were associated with Hanshinkan Modernism.

Takarazuka Grand Theater

Theater located in Takarazuka, Hyōgo, Japan.

The Takarazuka Grand Theater (right) and Bow Hall (left) on the banks of the Muko River
The Old Takarazuka Grand Theatre
Interior of the Takarazuka Grand Theater
Entrance
Lobby
Lounge
Stage

Its design, similar to that of a department store, has been cited as an example of Hanshinkan Modernism.

Narashige Koide

Self Portrait

Narashige Koide (小出楢重) was a Japanese painter and illustrator, noted for his work in pioneering the Hanshinkan Modernism trend in yōga (Western-style) portraiture and nude painting in early 20th century Japanese painting.