Hargeisa

HargeysaHargaysa
Hargeisa (Hargeysa, هرجيسا) is a city situated in the Woqooyi Galbeed region of the self-declared but internationally unrecognised Republic of Somaliland in the Horn of Africa.wikipedia
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Somaliland

RegionRepublic of SomalilandDistrict
Hargeisa (Hargeysa, هرجيسا) is a city situated in the Woqooyi Galbeed region of the self-declared but internationally unrecognised Republic of Somaliland in the Horn of Africa.
The capital and the largest city is Hargeisa, with the population of around 1,500,000 residents.

Berbera

BarberaBarbaraBerbera dockside
The city later succeeded Berbera as the capital of the British Somaliland protectorate in 1941.
It later served as the capital of the British Somaliland protectorate from 1884 to 1941, when it was replaced by Hargeisa.

Laas Geel

Laas GaalLaas Geel complexLas Geel
Numerous cave paintings from the Neolithic period are found in the Laas Geel complex, on the outskirts of Hargeisa.
Laas Geel (Laas Geel), also spelled Laas Gaal, are cave formations on the rural outskirts of Hargeisa, Somaliland (situated in the Woqooyi Galbeed region of the self-declared but internationally unrecognised Republic of Somaliland).

Woqooyi Galbeed

Maroodi JeexSaaxilMarodi-jeex
Hargeisa (Hargeysa, هرجيسا) is a city situated in the Woqooyi Galbeed region of the self-declared but internationally unrecognised Republic of Somaliland in the Horn of Africa.
Its capital is Hargeisa.

Hargeisa Airport

Hargeisa International AirportHargeisaEgal International Airport
The Hargeisa International Airport was also renovated and modernized, with the ultimate aim of equipping the facility to accommodate larger aircraft and offer more flight destinations.
Egal International Airport (, (Madaarka Caalamiga a ee Cigaal مطار هرجيسا إيغال الدولية) is an airport in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, named after Somaliland's second president Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, the airport underwent major renovations in 2012–2013.

Isaaq genocide

destroyed much of the cityGenocide of Isaaqs
The ensuing bombing raids and crossfire claimed thousands of casualties and destroyed much of the city.
This genocide also included the levelling and complete destruction of the second and third largest cities in Somalia, Hargeisa (which was 90 per cent destroyed) and Burao (70 per cent destroyed) respectively, and had caused up to 500,000 Somalis (primarily of the Isaaq clan) to flee their land and cross the border to Hartasheikh in Ethiopia as refugees, in what was described as "one of the fastest and largest forced movements of people recorded in Africa", and resulted in the creation of the world's largest refugee camp then (1988), with another 400,000 being displaced.

Hargeisa Provincial Museum

Among these initiatives was the creation in 1977 of the Hargeisa Provincial Museum.
The Hargeisa Provincial Museum (HPM) was established in 1977 in Hargeisa, situated in the northwestern Woqooyi Galbeed province in Somalia.

Harar

HarrarHarar JugolHarar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town
Encyclopaedia Aethiopica suggests that the settlement may have evolved in the latter half of the 1800s as a Qadiriyya settlement established by Shaykh Maddar, near a water-stop used by nomadic stock-herders on the way to the town of Harar.
Following the conclusion of the Anglo-Ethiopian Agreement in 1944, the government of the United Kingdom were granted permission to establish a consulate in Harar, although the British refused to reciprocate by allowing an Ethiopian one at Hargeisa.

Cave painting

cave paintingscave arthand stencils
Numerous cave paintings from the Neolithic period are found in the Laas Geel complex, on the outskirts of Hargeisa.
In 2002, a French archaeological team discovered the Laas Geel cave paintings on the outskirts of Hargeisa in the northwestern region of Somaliland.

Gabiley

Hargeisa is situated near the town of Gabiley, which serves as an agricultural centre in Somaliland.
Gabiley is located 58 km west of Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland.

Somali Civil War

civil warSomaliaSomalian Civil War
After the collapse of the Somali central government and the start of the civil war in 1991, SNM secessionists in the northwestern part of the country unilaterally declared independence.
The clampdown included bombing of cities, with the northwestern administrative center of Hargeisa, a Somali National Movement (SNM) stronghold, among the targeted areas in 1988.

East African campaign (World War II)

East African CampaignEast AfricaEast Africa Campaign
During the East African Campaign, the protectorate was occupied by Italy in August 1940, but recaptured by the British in March 1941.
On 4 August, the Italians advanced with a western column towards Zeila, a central column (Lieutenant-General Carlo De Simone) towards Hargeisa and an eastern column towards Odweina in the south.

Isaaq

Habar JecloArapSheikh Isaaq Bin Ahmed Al Hashimi
It is primarily inhabited by the Isaaq Somali clan.
The populations of five major cities in Somaliland – Hargeisa, Burao, Berbera, Erigavo and Gabiley – are predominantly Isaaq.

British Somaliland

SomalilandSomaliland ProtectorateBritish Somaliland Protectorate
The city later succeeded Berbera as the capital of the British Somaliland protectorate in 1941. In 1888, after signing successive treaties with the then ruling Somali Sultans such as Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate, the British established a protectorate in the region referred to as British Somaliland.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
It is primarily inhabited by the Isaaq Somali clan. In 1888, after signing successive treaties with the then ruling Somali Sultans such as Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate, the British established a protectorate in the region referred to as British Somaliland.
During the Stone Age, the Doian and Hargeisan cultures flourished here with their respective industries and factories.

Arabsiyo

The city of Arabsiyo is also located nearby, and is noted for its lemon production.
The town is located about 30 km west of Hargeisa.

Hargeisa Taxi

Hargeisa Taxi is another of the recent taxi firms based in Hargeisa.
Hargeisa Taxi is a taxi company based in Hargeisa, the capital of the northwestern Somaliland region of Somalia.

Admas University College–Hargeisa

Admas University Collegesecond branch
The main institutions of higher learning include the University of Hargeisa, Admas University College, Somaliland University of Technology, Gollis University, New Generation University, Hope University and Marodijeh International University.
Admas University College–Hargeisa is a tertiary institution in Hargeisa, the administrative capital of the autonomous Somaliland region in northwestern Somalia.

Daallo Airlines

S9-KAS
The Somali-owned private carriers Daallo Airlines and Jubba Airways offer domestic flights from the facility to various other towns in Somalia, such as Mogadishu, Bosaso and Galkayo.
, the carrier had 42 employees; its fleet was composed of two Antonov An-24RV, one Let 410 UVP-E and two Tupolev Tu-154M that served Berbera, Borama, Bossaso, Dire Dawa, Djibouti, Dubai, Hargeisa, Jeddah, Mogadishu, and Sharjah.

University of Hargeisa

Hargeisa UniversityNorthstar College
The main institutions of higher learning include the University of Hargeisa, Admas University College, Somaliland University of Technology, Gollis University, New Generation University, Hope University and Marodijeh International University.
The University of Hargeisa (UoH) is a public university located in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland.

Somaliland University of Technology

The main institutions of higher learning include the University of Hargeisa, Admas University College, Somaliland University of Technology, Gollis University, New Generation University, Hope University and Marodijeh International University.
The Somaliland University of Technology (SUTECH) (Jaamacadda Teknoolajiyadda Somaliland) is a tertiary academic institution in Hargeisa, Somaliland.

Bosaso Airport

Bender Qassim International AirportBender Qasim International AirportBosaso
The Somali-owned private carriers Daallo Airlines and Jubba Airways offer domestic flights from the facility to various other towns in Somalia, such as Mogadishu, Bosaso and Galkayo.
It is the fourth largest airport in the country after the Aden Adde International Airport in Mogadishu, the Hargeisa International Airport in Hargeisa and the Berbera Airport in Berbera.

Gollis University

The main institutions of higher learning include the University of Hargeisa, Admas University College, Somaliland University of Technology, Gollis University, New Generation University, Hope University and Marodijeh International University.
Gollis University (GU) is a privately owned university in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland It is situated near the Golis Mountains.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
After fallout from the unsuccessful Ogaden campaign of the late 1970s, the ruling socialist government of the Somali Democratic Republic under Major General Mohamed Siad Barre began arresting government and military officials under suspicion of participation in an abortive 1978 coup d'état.
The clampdown included bombing of cities, with the northwestern administrative center of Hargeisa, a Somali National Movement (SNM) stronghold, among the targeted areas in 1988.

Somali National Movement

SNMSomali National Movement (SNM)
Among these rebel outfits was the Somali National Movement (SNM), which was supported by Ethiopia's then ruling Derg communist regime.