Harlem

Harlem, New YorkHarlem, New York CityHarlem, NYHarlem, ManhattanWest HarlemCentral HarlemEast HarlemHarlem RiotsWest Harlem, New YorkBlack Harlem
Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.wikipedia
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155th Street (Manhattan)

155th StreetWest 155th Street155th
It is bounded roughly by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, St. Nicholas Avenue, and Morningside Park on the west; the Harlem River and 155th Street on the north; Fifth Avenue on the east; and Central Park North on the south.
155th Street are two crosstown streets in the Harlem and Washington Heights neighborhood, in the New York City borough of Manhattan.

Morningside Park (Manhattan)

Morningside ParkMorningside Park (New York City)Morningside Parks
It is bounded roughly by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, St. Nicholas Avenue, and Morningside Park on the west; the Harlem River and 155th Street on the north; Fifth Avenue on the east; and Central Park North on the south. The three neighborhoods that comprise greater Harlem (composed of Community Districts 9, 10, and 11) stretch from the Harlem River and East River in the east, to the Hudson River to the west; and between 155th Street in the north, where it meets Washington Heights, and an uneven boundary along the south that runs along 96th Street east of Fifth Avenue, 110th Street between Fifth Avenue to Morningside Park, and 125th Street west of Morningside Park to the Hudson River.
It forms the border between the neighborhoods of Harlem to the east and Morningside Heights to the west.

Fifth Avenue

5th AvenueFifthMuseum Mile
It is bounded roughly by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, St. Nicholas Avenue, and Morningside Park on the west; the Harlem River and 155th Street on the north; Fifth Avenue on the east; and Central Park North on the south. The three neighborhoods that comprise greater Harlem (composed of Community Districts 9, 10, and 11) stretch from the Harlem River and East River in the east, to the Hudson River to the west; and between 155th Street in the north, where it meets Washington Heights, and an uneven boundary along the south that runs along 96th Street east of Fifth Avenue, 110th Street between Fifth Avenue to Morningside Park, and 125th Street west of Morningside Park to the Hudson River.
It stretches north from Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village to West 143rd Street in Harlem.

Harlem Renaissance

New Negro MovementHarlemThe Harlem Renaissance
In the 1920s and 1930s, Central and West Harlem were the focus of the "Harlem Renaissance", an outpouring of artistic work without precedent in the American-black community.
The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion centered in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.

110th Street (Manhattan)

110th StreetCentral Park NorthCathedral Parkway
It is bounded roughly by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, St. Nicholas Avenue, and Morningside Park on the west; the Harlem River and 155th Street on the north; Fifth Avenue on the east; and Central Park North on the south. The three neighborhoods that comprise greater Harlem (composed of Community Districts 9, 10, and 11) stretch from the Harlem River and East River in the east, to the Hudson River to the west; and between 155th Street in the north, where it meets Washington Heights, and an uneven boundary along the south that runs along 96th Street east of Fifth Avenue, 110th Street between Fifth Avenue to Morningside Park, and 125th Street west of Morningside Park to the Hudson River.
It is commonly known as the boundary between Harlem and Central Park, along which it is known as Central Park North.

Crime in Harlem

crime and poverty
However, with job losses during the Great Depression of 1929–1933 and the deindustrialization of New York City after World War II, rates of crime and poverty increased significantly, and from the second half of the 20th century to the early 2000s, most of greater Harlem's residents were black.
Greater Harlem, in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan, has historically had high poverty and crime rates.

City College of New York

City CollegeCollege of the City of New YorkCCNY
It contains several public elementary, middle, and high schools, and is close to several colleges including Columbia University and the City College of New York.
Located in Hamilton Heights overlooking Harlem in Manhattan, City College's 35-acre (14 ha) Collegiate Gothic campus spans Convent Avenue from 130th to 141st Streets.

Washington Heights, Manhattan

Washington HeightsWashington Heights, New York City Washington Heights
The three neighborhoods that comprise greater Harlem (composed of Community Districts 9, 10, and 11) stretch from the Harlem River and East River in the east, to the Hudson River to the west; and between 155th Street in the north, where it meets Washington Heights, and an uneven boundary along the south that runs along 96th Street east of Fifth Avenue, 110th Street between Fifth Avenue to Morningside Park, and 125th Street west of Morningside Park to the Hudson River.
Washington Heights is bordered by Harlem to the south, along 155th Street; Inwood to the north along Dyckman Street or Hillside Avenue; the Hudson River to the west, and the Harlem River and Coogan's Bluff to the east.

Marcus Garvey Park

Mount Morris ParkMarcus Garvey Memorial Park
On the east, Fifth Avenue and Marcus Garvey Park, also known as Mount Morris Park, separate this area from East Harlem.
Marcus Garvey Park (formerly and also named Mount Morris Park) is a 20.17 acre park on the border between the Harlem and East Harlem neighborhoods of Manhattan, New York City.

St. Nicholas Avenue

Saint Nicholas AvenueJuan Pablo Duarte BoulevardSaint Nicholas Avenue (Manhattan)
It is bounded roughly by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, St. Nicholas Avenue, and Morningside Park on the west; the Harlem River and 155th Street on the north; Fifth Avenue on the east; and Central Park North on the south. This section is bounded by Fifth Avenue on the east; Central Park on the south; Morningside Park, St. Nicholas Avenue and Edgecombe Avenue on the west; and the Harlem River on the north.
The route, which follows a course that is much older than the grid pattern of the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, passes through the neighborhoods of Harlem, Hamilton Heights, and Washington Heights.

East Harlem

Spanish HarlemItalian HarlemEl Barrio
On the east, Fifth Avenue and Marcus Garvey Park, also known as Mount Morris Park, separate this area from East Harlem.
Despite its name, it is generally not considered to be a part of Harlem.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Uptown Manhattan is divided by Central Park into the Upper East Side and the Upper West Side, and above the park is Harlem.

Jackie Robinson

42JackieJack Robinson
A chain of three large linear parks—Morningside Park, St. Nicholas Park and Jackie Robinson Park—are situated on steeply rising banks and form most of the district's western boundary.
In the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank, an African-American-owned financial institution based in Harlem, New York.

Central Park

Greensward PlanCentral Park, New YorkNew York's Central Park
This section is bounded by Fifth Avenue on the east; Central Park on the south; Morningside Park, St. Nicholas Avenue and Edgecombe Avenue on the west; and the Harlem River on the north.
Central Park is bordered on the north by Central Park North (110th Street) and the neighborhood of Harlem; on the south by Central Park South (59th Street) and Midtown Manhattan; on the west by Central Park West (Eighth Avenue) and the Upper West Side; and on the east by Fifth Avenue and the Upper East Side.

Morningside Heights, Manhattan

Morningside HeightsHarlem HeightsMorningside
In the 2010s, some real estate professionals started rebranding south Harlem and Morningside Heights as "SoHa" in an attempt to gentrify the neighborhood.
Morningside Heights is a neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, on the border of the Upper West Side and Harlem.

St. Nicholas Park

A chain of three large linear parks—Morningside Park, St. Nicholas Park and Jackie Robinson Park—are situated on steeply rising banks and form most of the district's western boundary.
St. Nicholas Park is a New York City public park located in Harlem at the intersection of Manhattan neighborhoods Hamilton Heights and Manhattanville.

New York City Subway

subwayNYC SubwayNew York subway
The area is served by the New York City Subway and local bus routes.
It then curved northward again at Times Square, continuing under Broadway before terminating at 145th Street station in Harlem.

125th Street (Manhattan)

125th StreetWest 125th Street125th
The three neighborhoods that comprise greater Harlem (composed of Community Districts 9, 10, and 11) stretch from the Harlem River and East River in the east, to the Hudson River to the west; and between 155th Street in the north, where it meets Washington Heights, and an uneven boundary along the south that runs along 96th Street east of Fifth Avenue, 110th Street between Fifth Avenue to Morningside Park, and 125th Street west of Morningside Park to the Hudson River.
It is often considered to be the "Main Street" of Harlem, and is co-named Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard.

New York's 13th congressional district

NY-1313th13th District
Politically, central Harlem is in New York's 13th congressional district.
The district includes the neighborhoods of Harlem, Inwood, Marble Hill, Spanish Harlem, Washington Heights, and portions of Morningside Heights and the Upper West Side.

Manhattan

Manhattan, New YorkManhattan, New York CityNew York
Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Harlem is a name from the Dutch colonial era after Haarlem, a city in the Netherlands.

Mount Morris Park Historic District

Mount Morris Park Historic District and Extension
Central Harlem includes the Mount Morris Park Historic District.
It is a large 16-block area in west central Harlem.

Upper Manhattan

Uptown ManhattanuptownUptown, Manhattan
Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Upper Manhattan is generally taken to include the neighborhoods of Marble Hill, Inwood, Washington Heights (including Fort George, Sherman Creek and Hudson Heights), Harlem (including Sugar Hill, Hamilton Heights and Manhattanville), East Harlem and parts of the Upper West Side (Morningside Heights and Manhattan Valley).

New York City Council

City CouncilBoard of AldermenCommon Council
Politically, Harlem is represented by the New York City Council's 7th, 8th, and 9th districts.

Harlem riot of 1943

Harlem1943Harlem Riot
Several riots happened in this period, including in 1935 and 1943.
A race riot took place in Harlem, New York City, on August 1 and 2 of 1943, after a white police officer, James Collins, shot and wounded Robert Bandy, an African-American soldier; and rumors circulated that the soldier had been killed.

Manhattan Community Board 10

Manhattan CB 10Manhattan Community District 10
Harlem is part of Manhattan Community District 10 and its primary ZIP Codes are 10026, 10027, 10030, 10037, and 10039.
The Manhattan Community Board 10 is a New York City community board encompassing the neighborhoods of Harlem and Polo Grounds in the borough of Manhattan.