Harold Wilson

Wilsonwhite heat of technologySir Harold WilsonWilson GovernmentHarold Wilson Labour GovernmentHarold Wilson, Baron Wilson of RievaulxJames Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of RievaulxLabourLabour GovernmentLord Wilson of Rievaulx
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.wikipedia
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1970 United Kingdom general election

19701970 general election1970 election
After losing the 1970 election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 election resulted in a hung parliament.
It resulted in a surprise victory for the Conservative Party under leader Edward Heath, which defeated the governing Labour Party under Harold Wilson.

February 1974 United Kingdom general election

February 1974 general electionFebruary 1974Feb 1974
After losing the 1970 election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 election resulted in a hung parliament.
The Labour Party led by former Prime Minister Harold Wilson made moderate gains, but was short of an overall majority.

October 1974 United Kingdom general election

October 1974October 1974 general electionOct 1974
After Heath's talks with the Liberals broke down, Wilson returned to power as leader of a minority government until another general election in October, resulting in a narrow Labour victory.
The election resulted in the Labour Party led by Harold Wilson winning a narrow majority of just 3 seats.


Huddersfield Town HallHuddersfield, EnglandHuddersfield CB
Wilson was born at Warneford Road, Huddersfield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, on 11 March 1916.
The town is known for its role in the Industrial Revolution, and for being the birthplaces of rugby league, Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson, and the film star James Mason.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.
Under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, Labour again governed from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1979.

Roy Jenkins

The Lord Jenkins of HillheadJenkins, RoyRoy Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead
Biographer Roy Jenkins wrote:
Elected to Parliament as a Labour MP in 1948, he went on to serve as both Chancellor of the Exchequer and Home Secretary under the Labour Governments of Harold Wilson and James Callaghan.

Jesus College, Oxford

Jesus CollegeJesusJesus College Oxford
Wilson did well at school and, although he missed getting a scholarship, he obtained an exhibition; this, when topped up by a county grant, enabled him to study Modern History at Jesus College, Oxford, from 1934.
Former students include Harold Wilson (who was twice British Prime Minister), Norman Washington Manley (Chief Minister of Jamaica), T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), Angus Buchanan (winner of the Victoria Cross), and Viscount Sankey (Lord Chancellor).

Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx

Mary WilsonMaryLady Wilson
On New Year's Day 1940, in the chapel of Mansfield College, Oxford, he married Mary Baldwin, who remained his wife until his death.
Gladys Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx (12 January 1916 – 6 June 2018) was an English poet and the wife of Harold Wilson, who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Philosophy, politics and economics

PPEPhilosophy, Politics, and EconomicsPolitics, Philosophy and Economics
He graduated in PPE (Philosophy, Politics and Economics) with "an outstanding first class Bachelor of Arts degree, with alphas on every paper" in the final examinations, and a series of major academic awards.
This particular course has produced a significant number of notable graduates such as Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician and State Counsellor of Myanmar, Nobel Peace Prize winner; Princess Haya bint Hussein daughter of the late King Hussein of Jordan and wife of the ruler of Dubai; Christopher Hitchens, the British–American polemicist, Oscar winning writer and director Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck; Philippa Foot a British philosopher; Harold Wilson, Edward Heath and David Cameron, former Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom; Hugh Gaitskell, William Hague and Ed Miliband, former Leaders of the Opposition; former Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto and current Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan; and Malcolm Fraser, Bob Hawke and Tony Abbott, former Prime Ministers of Australia.

Wirral Grammar School for Boys

Wirral Grammar School[18]
Wilson was educated in the Sixth Form at the Wirral Grammar School for Boys, where he became Head Boy.
The school's main claim to fame lies in being the alma mater of former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Wilson, who was a member of the sixth form from 1932 to 1934 and was the school's first Head Boy.

Harold Seddon

His mother Ethel (née Seddon; 1882–1957) was a schoolteacher before her marriage; in 1901 her brother Harold Seddon settled in Western Australia and became a local political leader.
His nephew, Harold Wilson, served twice as Prime Minister of United Kingdom.

University College, Oxford

University CollegeUniversityUniversity College Oxford
He was a lecturer in Economic History at New College from 1937, and a research fellow at University College.
Notable alumni include Chelsea Clinton, Clement Attlee, Harold Wilson, Bill Clinton, Neil Gorsuch, Stephen Hawking, C. S. Lewis, V. S. Naipaul and Percy Bysshe Shelley.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
In the 1945 general election, Wilson won his seat in the Labour landslide.
Future prominent figures who entered Parliament included Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Barbara Castle, Michael Foot and Hugh Gaitskell.

Robin Wilson (mathematician)

Robin WilsonRobinWilson, R.
They had two sons, Robin and Giles (named after Giles Alington); Robin became a professor of Mathematics, and Giles became a teacher and later a train driver.
Wilson is a son of Harold Wilson, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and his wife Mary Wilson.

Edward Heath

Ted HeathSir Edward HeathHeath
After losing the 1970 election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 election resulted in a hung parliament.
The Labour prime minister, Harold Wilson, thought the document a vote-loser and dubbed it the product of Selsdon Man – after the supposedly prehistoric Piltdown Man – to portray it as reactionary.

Richard Crossman

Dick CrossmanCrossmanR. H. S. Crossman
He was supported in this by Richard Crossman, but his actions angered Bevan and the other Bevanites.
He was a Cabinet minister in Harold Wilson's governments of 1964-1970, notably for Housing and later for Social Services.

1964 United Kingdom general election

19641964 general election1964 election
Narrowly winning the 1964 general election, Wilson won an increased majority in a snap election in 1966.
It resulted in the Conservatives, led by its fourth leader, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, narrowly losing the election to the Labour Party, led by Harold Wilson, with Labour having an overall majority of four seats.

Labour government, 1964–1970

First Wilson ministryLabour governmentSecond Wilson Ministry
Wilson's first period as Prime Minister coincided with a period of low unemployment and relative economic prosperity, though hindered by significant problems with Britain's external balance of payments.
Harold Wilson was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by Queen Elizabeth II on 16 October 1964 and formed the first Wilson ministry, a Labour Party government, which held office with a thin majority between 1964 and 1966.

10 Downing Street

Downing StreetPrime Minister's OfficeNumber 10
When Wilson was eight, he visited London and a much-reproduced photograph was taken of him standing on the doorstep of 10 Downing Street.
Harold Wilson, during his second ministry from 1974 to 1976, lived in his home in Lord North Street because Mary Wilson wanted "a proper home".

1966 United Kingdom general election

19661966 general election1966 election
Narrowly winning the 1964 general election, Wilson won an increased majority in a snap election in 1966.
The 1966 United Kingdom general election on 31 March 1966 was won convincingly by the Labour Party led by incumbent Prime Minister Harold Wilson.

Alec Douglas-Home

Sir Alec Douglas-HomeLord HomeThe Earl of Home
Sir Alec Douglas-Home was an aristocrat who had given up his peerage to sit in the House of Commons and become Prime Minister upon Macmillan's resignation.
Criticised by the Labour Party as an out-of-touch aristocrat, he came over stiffly in television interviews, by contrast with Labour leader Harold Wilson.

Ormskirk (UK Parliament constituency)

OrmskirkOrmskirk CCOrmskirk Division
He was selected for the constituency of Ormskirk, then held by Stephen King-Hall.
In a repeat of 1918, the election of 1945 saw future Prime Minister, Harold Wilson elected when the Conservative Party opted to stand against the National candidate, Stephen King-Hall, and split the anti Labour vote.

Secretary of State for Economic Affairs

Department of Economic AffairsMinister of State for Economic AffairsMinister for Economic Affairs
He created a new Department of Economic Affairs to generate ambitious targets that were in themselves supposed to help stimulate investment and growth (the government also created a Ministry of Technology (shortened to Mintech) to support the modernisation of industry).
It was established by Harold Wilson in October 1964.

Tony Benn

Anthony Wedgwood BennBenniteAnthony Wedgewood Benn
The government's policy of selective economic intervention was later characterised by the establishment of a new super-ministry of technology, a connexion not always publicly grasped, under Tony Benn.
He was a Member of Parliament for 47 years between the 1950 and 2001 general elections and a Cabinet minister in the Labour governments of Harold Wilson and James Callaghan in the 1960s and 1970s.

East of Suez

withdrawal of the British forcesclosed at the end of March 1971complete withdrawal of British forces from Singapore in 1971
Overall, Wilson is seen to have managed a number of difficult political issues with considerable skill, including such potentially divisive issues for his party as the role of public ownership, membership of the European Economic Community, and involvement in the Vietnam War, in which he refused to allow the use of British combat troops, while continuing to maintain a costly military presence east of Suez.
In January 1968, a few weeks after the devaluation of the pound, Prime Minister Harold Wilson and his Defence Secretary, Denis Healey, announced that British troops would be withdrawn in 1971 from major military bases in South East Asia, "east of Aden", primarily in Malaysia and Singapore as well as the Persian Gulf and the Maldives (both of which are sited in the Indian Ocean), which is when the phrase "East of Suez" entered the vernacular.