Harold Wilson

Wilsonwhite heat of technologySir Harold WilsonWilson GovernmentHarold Wilson Labour GovernmentLabourLabour Government WilsonBritish prime ministerEurope
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916– 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.wikipedia
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1964 United Kingdom general election

19641964 general election1964 election
Narrowly winning the 1964 general election, Wilson won an increased majority in a snap 1966 election.
It resulted in the Conservatives, now led by its fourth leader, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, narrowly losing the election to the Labour Party, led by Harold Wilson, with Labour having an overall majority of four seats.

Labour government, 1964–1970

Wilson (I & II)Labour governmentWilson government
Wilson's first period as Prime Minister coincided with a period of low unemployment and relative economic prosperity, though hindered by significant problems with Britain's external balance of payments.
Harold Wilson was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by Queen Elizabeth II on 16 October 1964 and formed the first Wilson ministry, a Labour Party government, which held office with a thin majority between 1964 and 1966.

1966 United Kingdom general election

19661966 general election1966 election
Narrowly winning the 1964 general election, Wilson won an increased majority in a snap 1966 election.
The 1966 United Kingdom general election on 31 March 1966 was won by incumbent Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson and was regarded as an easy victory.

1970 United Kingdom general election

19701970 general election1970 election
After losing the 1970 election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 election resulted in a hung parliament.
It resulted in a surprise victory for the Conservative Party under leader Edward Heath, which defeated the governing Labour Party under Harold Wilson.

February 1974 United Kingdom general election

February 1974 general electionFebruary 1974Feb 1974
After losing the 1970 election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 election resulted in a hung parliament.
The Labour Party, led by former Prime Minister Harold Wilson made moderate gains, but was short of an overall majority.

Attlee ministry

Labour governmentpost-war Labour governmentAttlee (I & II)
Entering Parliament in 1945, Wilson was appointed a parliamentary secretary in the Attlee ministry and rose quickly through the ministerial ranks; he became Secretary for Overseas Trade in 1947 and was elevated to Cabinet shortly thereafter as President of the Board of Trade.
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947.

October 1974 United Kingdom general election

October 1974October 1974 general electionOct 1974
After Heath's talks with the Liberals broke down, Wilson returned to power as leader of a minority government until another general election in October, resulting in a narrow Labour victory.
The election resulted in the Labour Party led by Harold Wilson winning a narrow majority of just 3 seats.

Huddersfield

Huddersfield CBHuddersfield Town HallHuddersfield, Yorkshire
Wilson was born at 4 Warneford Road, Huddersfield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, on 11 March 1916.
The town is known for its role in the Industrial Revolution, and for being the birthplaces of rugby league, Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson, and the film star James Mason.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916– 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.
Labour was next in government from 1964 to 1970 under Harold Wilson and from 1974 to 1979, first under Wilson and then under James Callaghan.

Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx

Mary WilsonMaryLady Wilson
On New Year's Day 1940, in the chapel of Mansfield College, Oxford, he married Mary Baldwin who remained his wife until his death.
Gladys Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx (12 January 19166 June 2018) was an English poet and the wife of Harold Wilson, who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Jesus College, Oxford

Jesus CollegeJesusJesus College, Oxford University
Wilson did well at school and, although he missed getting a scholarship, he obtained an exhibition; this, when topped up by a county grant, enabled him to study Modern History at Jesus College, Oxford, from 1934.
Former students include Harold Wilson (who was twice British Prime Minister), Norman Washington Manley (Chief Minister of Jamaica), T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), Angus Buchanan (winner of the Victoria Cross), and Viscount Sankey (Lord Chancellor).

Philosophy, politics and economics

PPEphilosophy, politics, and economicspolitics, philosophy and economics
He graduated in PPE (Philosophy, Politics and Economics) with "an outstanding first class Bachelor of Arts degree, with alphas on every paper" in the final examinations, and a series of major academic awards.
This particular course has produced a significant number of notable graduates such as Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, State Counsellor of Myanmar, Nobel Peace Prize winner; Christopher Hitchens, the British–American author, polemicist, debater, and journalist; Philippa Foot a British philosopher; Harold Wilson, Edward Heath and David Cameron, former Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom; Hugh Gaitskell, William Hague and Ed Miliband, former Leaders of the Opposition; former Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto and current Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan, and Malcolm Fraser, Bob Hawke and Tony Abbott, former Prime Ministers of Australia.

Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Shadow Foreign SecretaryOpposition spokesman for foreign affairsShadow Sec.
In opposition to the next Conservative government, he served as Shadow Chancellor (1955–1961) and Shadow Foreign Secretary (1961–1963).

Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer

Shadow Chancelloreconomic spokesmanShadow Secretary of State for Deregulation
In opposition to the next Conservative government, he served as Shadow Chancellor (1955–1961) and Shadow Foreign Secretary (1961–1963).

Wirral Grammar School for Boys

Wirral Grammar School[18]
His father, working as an industrial chemist, was made redundant in December 1930, and it took him nearly two years to find work; he moved to Spital in Cheshire, on the Wirral, in order to do so. Wilson was educated in the Sixth Form at the Wirral Grammar School for Boys, where he became Head Boy.
The school's main claim to fame lies in being the alma mater of former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Wilson, who was a member of the sixth form from 1932 to 1934 and was the school's first Head Boy.

University College, Oxford

University CollegeUniversity University College, Oxford University
He continued in academia, becoming one of the youngest Oxford dons of the century at the age of 21. He was a lecturer in Economic History at New College from 1937, and a research fellow at University College.
Notable alumni include Clement Attlee, Harold Wilson, Bill Clinton, Neil Gorsuch, Stephen Hawking, C. S. Lewis, V. S. Naipaul and Percy Bysshe Shelley.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
In the 1945 general election, Wilson won his seat in the Labour landslide.
Future prominent figures who entered Parliament included Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Barbara Castle, Michael Foot and Hugh Gaitskell.

Harold Seddon

His mother Ethel (née Seddon; 1882–1957) was a schoolteacher before her marriage; in 1901 her brother Harold Seddon settled in Western Australia and became a local political leader.
His nephew, Harold Wilson, served twice as Prime Minister of United Kingdom.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterUK Prime Minister
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916– 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.
The last minority government was led by Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson for eight months after the February 1974 general election produced a hung parliament.

Hugh Gaitskell

GaitskellMr GaitskellThe Right Honourable '''Hugh Gaitskell''' CBE
Hugh Gaitskell, then Labour leader, died suddenly in 1963 and Wilson was elected leader.
The job had initially been earmarked for Harold Wilson, with Gaitskell pencilled in to succeed Wilson as Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Ministry of Works.

Edward Heath

HeathSir Edward HeathTed Heath
After losing the 1970 election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 election resulted in a hung parliament.
The Labour prime minister, Harold Wilson, thought the document a vote-loser and dubbed it the product of Selsdon Man – after the supposedly prehistoric Piltdown Man – to portray it as reactionary.

Robin Wilson (mathematician)

Robin WilsonRobinWilson, R.
They had two sons, Robin and Giles (named after Giles Alington); Robin became a professor of Mathematics, and Giles became a teacher.
Robin Wilson is the son of Harold Wilson, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and his wife Mary Wilson.

Secretary of State for Economic Affairs

Department of Economic AffairsMinister for Economic AffairsMinister of State for Economic Affairs
He created a new Department of Economic Affairs to generate ambitious targets that were in themselves supposed to help stimulate investment and growth (the government also created a Ministry of Technology (shortened to Mintech) to support the modernisation of industry).
It was established by Harold Wilson in October 1964.

Tony Benn

Anthony Wedgwood BennAnthony Wedgwood-BennBenn
The government's policy of selective economic intervention was later characterised by the establishment of a new super-ministry of technology, under Tony Benn.
He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for 47 years between the 1950 and 2001 general elections and a Cabinet minister in the Labour governments of Harold Wilson and James Callaghan in the 1960s and 1970s.

James Callaghan

CallaghanJim CallaghanJames Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff
Wilson was adopted as the left-wing candidate for the leadership, defeating Brown and James Callaghan to become the Leader of the Labour Party and the Leader of the Opposition.
He became Foreign Secretary in 1974, taking responsibility for renegotiating the terms of the UK's membership of the European Communities, and supporting a "Yes" vote in the 1975 referendum to remain in the EC. When Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigned in 1976, Callaghan defeated five other candidates to be elected as his replacement.