Harper Lee

Nelle Harper LeeLeeHarper Lee AwardLee, Harper
Nelle Harper Lee (April 28, 1926 – February 19, 2016) was an American novelist best known for her 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird.wikipedia
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To Kill a Mockingbird

novel of the same nameTo Kill a Mocking Bird1960 novel of the same name
Nelle Harper Lee (April 28, 1926 – February 19, 2016) was an American novelist best known for her 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird.
To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel by Harper Lee published in 1960.

Truman Capote

CapoteCapote in KansasTruman Coyote
She assisted her close friend Truman Capote in his research for the book In Cold Blood (1966). Scout's friend, Dill, was inspired by Lee's childhood friend and neighbor, Truman Capote; Lee, in turn, is the model for a character in Capote's first novel, Other Voices, Other Rooms, published in 1948.
Capote spent four years writing the book, aided by his lifelong friend Harper Lee, who wrote To Kill a Mockingbird (1960).

In Cold Blood

book of the same namebookClutter family
She assisted her close friend Truman Capote in his research for the book In Cold Blood (1966).
He was accompanied by his childhood friend and fellow author Harper Lee, and they interviewed residents and investigators assigned to the case and took thousands of pages of notes.

Go Set a Watchman

She also wrote the novel Go Set a Watchman in the mid-1950s and published it in July 2015 as a sequel to Mockingbird, but it was later confirmed to be merely her first draft of Mockingbird.
Go Set a Watchman is a novel by Harper Lee published on July 14, 2015 by HarperCollins, United States and William Heinemann, United Kingdom.

Monroeville, Alabama

MonroevilleMonroeville, AL
It was inspired by racist attitudes in her hometown of Monroeville, Alabama. Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926, in Monroeville, Alabama where she grew up as the youngest of four children of Frances Cunningham (Finch) and Amasa Coleman Lee.
Monroeville is known as the hometown of two prominent writers of the post-World War II period, Truman Capote and Harper Lee, who were childhood friends in the 1930s.

Amasa Coleman Lee

A.C. LeeMonroe Journal
Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926, in Monroeville, Alabama where she grew up as the youngest of four children of Frances Cunningham (Finch) and Amasa Coleman Lee.
Lee was the father of Harper Lee, author of the novel To Kill A Mockingbird. It is often said that Atticus Finch, one of the characters in the novel, is based, at least in part, on Amasa Coleman Lee.

Tay Hohoff

Therese (Tay) Hohoff
At Lippincott, the novel fell into the hands of Therese von Hohoff Torrey—known professionally as Tay Hohoff.
Strong-willed and forceful, she worked closely with author Harper Lee over the course of nearly three years to give final shape to her classic novel To Kill A Mockingbird.

Atticus Finch

Peck won an Oscar for his portrayal of Atticus Finch, the father of the novel's narrator, Scout.
Atticus Finch is a fictional character in Harper Lee's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of 1960, To Kill a Mockingbird.

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

Pulitzer PrizeFictionPulitzer Prize for the Novel
Published July 11, 1960, To Kill a Mockingbird was an immediate bestseller and won great critical acclaim, including the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1961.

Other Voices, Other Rooms (novel)

Other Voices, Other Roomsof the same nameOther Voices, Other Rooms'' (novel)
Scout's friend, Dill, was inspired by Lee's childhood friend and neighbor, Truman Capote; Lee, in turn, is the model for a character in Capote's first novel, Other Voices, Other Rooms, published in 1948.
Idabel's character is an exaggeration of Capote's childhood friend, Nelle Harper Lee, later the author of To Kill a Mockingbird.

J. B. Lippincott & Co.

LippincottJ. B. LippincottJ. B. Lippincott Company
In the spring of 1957, a 31-year-old Lee delivered the manuscript for Go Set a Watchman to her agent to send out to publishers, including the now-defunct J. B. Lippincott Company, which eventually bought it.

Charles J. Shields

Charles Shields
One winter night, as Charles J. Shields recounts in Mockingbird: A Portrait of Harper Lee, Lee threw her manuscript out her window and into the snow, before calling Hohoff in tears.
“This biography will not disappoint those who loved the novel and the feisty, independent, fiercely loyal Scout, in whom Harper Lee put so much of herself,” wrote Garrison Keillor in the New York Times Sunday Book Review.

HarperCollins

Harper CollinsWilliam Collins Publishers LtdCollins
(In 1978, Lippincott was acquired by Harper & Row, which became HarperCollins, publisher of Watchman.)

Harper (publisher)

Harper & RowHarper & BrothersHarper
(In 1978, Lippincott was acquired by Harper & Row, which became HarperCollins, publisher of Watchman.)

Monroe County High School (Alabama)

Monroe County High SchoolMonroe County (AL)
While enrolled at Monroe County High School, Lee developed an interest in English literature.

Gregory Peck

Eldred Gregory PeckGregoryTony Peck
She became a friend of Gregory Peck, and after his death remained close to the actor's family; Peck's grandson, Harper Peck Voll, is named after her.
Peck won the Academy Award with his fifth nomination, playing Atticus Finch, a Depression-era lawyer and widowed father, in a film adaptation of the Harper Lee novel To Kill a Mockingbird.

List of To Kill a Mockingbird characters

Boo RadleyScout FinchScout
The book is set some 20 years after the time period depicted in Mockingbird, when Scout returns as an adult from New York to visit her father in Maycomb, Alabama.
Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird was published in 1960.

Gothic fiction

GothicGothic novelgothic horror
While Lee herself downplayed autobiographical parallels in the book, Truman Capote, mentioning the character Boo Radley in To Kill a Mockingbird, described details he considered autobiographical: "In my original version of Other Voices, Other Rooms I had that same man living in the house that used to leave things in the trees, and then I took that out. He was a real man, and he lived just down the road from us. We used to go and get those things out of the trees. Everything she wrote about it is absolutely true. But you see, I take the same thing and transfer it into some Gothic dream, done in an entirely different way."
Examples include William Faulkner, Eudora Welty, Truman Capote, Flannery O'Connor, Davis Grubb, Anne Rice and Harper Lee.

Michael Brown (writer)

Michael Brown
The following month, at Michael Brown's East 50th Street townhouse, she received a gift of a year's wages from friends with a note: "You have one year off from your job to write whatever you please. Merry Christmas."
The couple was instrumental in the career of Harper Lee, whom Michael met through his friend Truman Capote.

Catherine Keener

Harper Lee was portrayed by Catherine Keener in the film Capote (2005), by Sandra Bullock in the film Infamous (2006), and by Tracey Hoyt in the TV movie Scandalous Me: The Jacqueline Susann Story (1998).
She has been twice nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her roles as Maxine Lund in Being John Malkovich (1999) and Harper Lee in Capote (2005).

James J. Kilpatrick

James KilpatrickJames Jackson Kilpatrick
James J. Kilpatrick, the editor of The Richmond News Leader, started the Beadle Bumble fund to pay fines for victims of what he termed "despots on the bench".
After a school board in suburban Richmond ordered school libraries to dispose of all copies of Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, because the board found the book immoral, Kilpatrick wrote, "A more moral novel scarcely could be imagined."

Scottsboro Boys

Scottsboro caseThe Scottsboro BoysIrwin Craig
Although the plot of Lee's novel involves an unsuccessful legal defense similar to one undertaken by her attorney father, the 1931 landmark Scottsboro Boys interracial rape case may also have helped to shape Lee's social conscience.

Capote (film)

CapoteCapote'' (film)
Harper Lee was portrayed by Catherine Keener in the film Capote (2005), by Sandra Bullock in the film Infamous (2006), and by Tracey Hoyt in the TV movie Scandalous Me: The Jacqueline Susann Story (1998).
Capote travels to Kansas, inviting childhood friend Nelle Harper Lee (Catherine Keener) to come along.

Infamous (film)

InfamousInfamous'' (film)
Harper Lee was portrayed by Catherine Keener in the film Capote (2005), by Sandra Bullock in the film Infamous (2006), and by Tracey Hoyt in the TV movie Scandalous Me: The Jacqueline Susann Story (1998).
Curious as to how the residents would react to a brutal massacre in their midst, the author and his friend, Nelle Harper Lee (Sandra Bullock), who has just published her novel To Kill a Mockingbird, travel from New York to the rural Midwestern town, ostensibly so Capote can interview people for a magazine article.

Veronique Peck

Veronique PassaniVeroniqueVéronique Passani
At the urging of Peck's widow, Veronique Peck, Lee traveled by train from Monroeville to Los Angeles in 2005 to accept the Los Angeles Public Library Literary Award.
Veronique Peck had become friends with author Harper Lee while her husband was filming To Kill a Mockingbird.