Harry S. Truman

Harry TrumanTrumanHarry S TrumanPresident TrumanTruman’sPresident Harry S. TrumanTruman administrationPresident Harry TrumanHarryPresident Harry S Truman
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president.wikipedia
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Independence, Missouri

IndependenceIndependence, MOIndependence †
Truman grew up in Independence, Missouri, and during World War I was sent to France as a captain in the Field Artillery.
Independence was also the hometown of U.S. President Harry S. Truman; the Truman Presidential Library and Museum is located in the city, and Truman and First Lady Bess Truman are buried here.

Truman Doctrine

Assistance to Greece and Turkey ActTrumanBritain's withdrawal from Greece in 1947
He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.
It was announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947, and further developed on July 4, 1948, when he pledged to contain threats in Greece and Turkey.

Truman Committee

Investigate the National Defense ProgramSenate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense ProgramUnited States Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program
Truman was elected to the United States Senate from Missouri in 1934 and gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee aimed at reducing waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts.
The Truman Committee, formally known as the Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program, was a United States Congressional investigative body, headed by Senator Harry S. Truman.

1948 United States presidential election

19481948 presidential election1948 election
He rallied his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidential term.
Incumbent President Harry S. Truman, the Democratic nominee, defeated Republican Governor Thomas E. Dewey.

Marshall Plan

Marshall AidEuropean Recovery ProgramThe Marshall Plan
He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.
The plan had bipartisan support in Washington, where the Republicans controlled Congress and the Democrats controlled the White House with Harry S. Truman as President.

1952 United States presidential election

19521952 presidential election1952 election
Corruption in the Truman administration became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election.
Incumbent Democratic President Harry S. Truman had remained silent about whether he would seek another full term, but the unpopular incumbent announced his withdrawal from the race following his defeat in the New Hampshire primary by Tennessee Senator Estes Kefauver.

Missouri

MOState of MissouriMissouri, USA
Truman was elected to the United States Senate from Missouri in 1934 and gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee aimed at reducing waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts.
Well-known Missourians include Harry S. Truman, Edwin Hubble, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Sheryl Crow, Brad Pitt and Nelly.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
When North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he gained United Nations approval for the very large policy action known as the Korean War.
In the US, the war was initially described by President Harry S. Truman as a "police action" as the United States never formally declared war on its opponents and the operation was conducted under the auspices of the United Nations.

Executive Order 9981

9981racial integration1948 Executive Order
In 1948 he submitted the first comprehensive civil rights legislation and issued Executive Orders to start racial integration in the military and federal agencies.
Executive Order 9981 is an executive order issued on July 26, 1948, by President Harry S. Truman.

The Kansas City Star

Kansas City StarKansas City Star & TimesKansas City Star and Times
He then took on a series of clerical jobs, and was employed briefly in the mail room of The Kansas City Star.
The Star is most notable for its influence on the career of President Harry Truman and as the newspaper where a young Ernest Hemingway honed his writing style.

Lamar, Missouri

LamarLamar †Missouri
Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, on May 8, 1884, the oldest child of John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman.
Lamar is well known as the birthplace of President Harry S. Truman.

William Chrisman High School

William ChrismanIndependence High SchoolWilliam Chrisman High
After graduating from Independence High School in 1901, Truman enrolled in Spalding's Commercial College, a Kansas City business school; he studied bookkeeping, shorthand, and typing, but left after a year.
It is from this location that President Harry S. Truman, First Lady Bess Truman, and Truman White House Press Secretary and Pulitzer Prize winner Charles Griffith Ross graduated from in 1901.

Bess Truman

BessBess WallaceMrs. Truman
During this period, he courted Bess Wallace; he proposed in 1911, but she turned him down.
Elizabeth Virginia "Bess" Truman (née Wallace; February 13, 1885 – October 18, 1982) was the wife of U.S. President Harry S. Truman and the First Lady of the United States from 1945 to 1953.

President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president.
Harry Truman was the most recent to do so in July 1948 (the so-called "Turnip Day Session").

New Deal coalition

New DealNew Deal Democratscoalition
He rallied his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidential term.
Journalist Sidney Lubell found in his survey of voters after the 1948 presidential election that Democrat Harry Truman, not Republican Thomas E. Dewey, seemed the safer, more conservative candidate to the "new middle class" that had developed over the previous 20 years.

University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Law

Kansas City School of LawUniversity of Missouri-Kansas City School of LawSchool of Law
In addition to having briefly attended business college, from 1923 to 1925 he took night courses toward an LL.B. at the Kansas City Law School (now the University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Law), but dropped out after losing reelection as county judge.
It is one of seven American law schools to have had both a President of the United States (Harry S. Truman) and a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (Charles Evans Whittaker) attend.

35th Infantry Division (United States)

35th Infantry Division35th Division35th
Truman was promoted to captain in July 1918 and became commander of Battery D, 129th Field Artillery, 35th Division.
The 35th Division had as an officer Captain Harry Truman, 33rd President of the United States, who commanded Battery D of the 129th Field Artillery Regiment.

Margaret Truman

MargaretMargaret Truman DanielMary Margaret Truman
The couple had one child, Mary Margaret Truman.
The only child of President Harry S Truman and First Lady Bess Truman, she was described in an obituary in The Times of London as "a witty, hard-working Midwestern girl with singing talent who was neither particularly pretty nor terribly plain."

Tom Pendergast

PendergastThomas PendergastPendergast Machine
At Fort Sill, Truman met Lieutenant James M. Pendergast, nephew of Tom Pendergast, a Kansas City political boss, a connection which had a profound influence on Truman's later life.
The Pendergast organization helped launch the political career of Harry S. Truman, a fact that caused Truman's enemies to dub him "The Senator from Pendergast."

Jackson County, Missouri

Jackson CountyJacksonMissouri
Returning home, he opened a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri and was later elected as a Jackson County official in 1922.
One of Pendergast's political protegés was a young World War I veteran from Independence, Harry S. Truman, who had been his nephew's commanding officer in the war.

Adlai Stevenson II

Adlai StevensonAdlai E. StevensonStevenson
After Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower's electoral victory against Democrat Adlai Stevenson II, Truman went into a financially-difficult retirement, marked by the founding of his presidential library and the publication of his memoirs.
Early in 1952, while Stevenson was still governor of Illinois, President Harry S. Truman decided that he would not seek another term as president.

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

atomic bombing of HiroshimaHiroshimabombing of Hiroshima
Soon after succeeding to the presidency he authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Stimson then approached President Harry S. Truman about the matter.

Edward Jacobson

Eddie JacobsonJacobson
Truman also ran the camp canteen with Edward Jacobson, a clothing store clerk he knew from Kansas City.
He was also a U.S. Army associate, business partner, and close friend of President Harry S. Truman.

James Farley

James A. FarleyJim FarleyFarley's Follies
In 1933, Truman was named Missouri's director for the Federal Re-Employment program (part of the Civil Works Administration) at the request of Postmaster General James Farley.
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman appointed Farley to serve a senior post as a commissioner on the Hoover Commission, also known as the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government.

National Old Trails Road

National Old Trails HighwayNational Trails Highway
Also in 1926, he became president of the National Old Trails Road Association (NOTRA).
In 1926, future President Harry S. Truman was named president of the National Old Trails Road Association.