Hawaiian eruption

Hawaiianeffusiveeruptionsfire fountainingHawaiian eruptionsHawaiian typeHawaiian volcanismHawaiian-styleHawaiian-type eruptionHawaiian-type eruptions
A Hawaiian eruption is a type of volcanic eruption where lava flows from the vent in a relatively gentle, low level eruption; it is so named because it is characteristic of Hawaiian volcanoes.wikipedia
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Types of volcanic eruptions

volcanic eruptioneruptionvolcanic eruptions
A Hawaiian eruption is a type of volcanic eruption where lava flows from the vent in a relatively gentle, low level eruption; it is so named because it is characteristic of Hawaiian volcanoes.
The weakest are Hawaiian and submarine, then Strombolian, followed by Vulcanian and Surtseyan.

Volcanic ash

ashash cloudash fall
Very small amounts of volcanic ash are produced.
Ash produced during low viscosity magmatic eruptions (e.g., Hawaiian and Strombolian basaltic eruptions) produce a range of different pyroclasts dependent on the eruptive process.

Kīlauea

KilaueaKīlauea volcano1969–1971 Mauna Ulu eruption
This type of eruption occurs most often at hotspot volcanoes such as Kīlauea on Hawaii's big island and in Iceland, though it can occur near subduction zones (e.g. Medicine Lake Volcano in California, United States) and rift zones.
Since then, the volcano's activity has likely been as it is now, a continual stream of effusive and explosive eruptions of roughly the same pattern as its activity in the last 200 or 300 years.

Lava

lava flowlava flowspahoehoe
A Hawaiian eruption is a type of volcanic eruption where lava flows from the vent in a relatively gentle, low level eruption; it is so named because it is characteristic of Hawaiian volcanoes.
They are commonly associated with Hawaiian eruptions.

Mauna Loa

LoaHawaiian volcano
Hawaiian eruptions may occur along fissure vents, such as during the eruption of Mauna Loa in 1950, or at a central vent, such as during the 1959 eruption in Kīlauea Iki Crater, which created a lava fountain 580 meters (1,900 ft) high and formed a 38-meter cone named Puu Puai.
Lava eruptions from Mauna Loa are silica-poor and very fluid, and they tend to be non-explosive.

Shield volcano

shield volcanoesshieldlava shield
When such an eruption from a central cone is protracted, it can form lightly sloped shield volcanoes, for example Mauna Loa or Skjaldbreiður in Iceland.
Most of what is currently known about shield volcanic eruptive character has been gleaned from studies done on the volcanoes of Hawaii island, by far the most intensively studied of all shields due to their scientific accessibility; the island lends its name to the slow-moving, effusive eruptions typical of shield volcanism, known as Hawaiian eruptions.

Hawaii hotspot

HawaiiHawaiian volcanoesHawaiian
A Hawaiian eruption is a type of volcanic eruption where lava flows from the vent in a relatively gentle, low level eruption; it is so named because it is characteristic of Hawaiian volcanoes.

Effusive eruption

effusiveeffusive activityeffusive volcanism
Typically they are effusive eruptions, with basaltic magmas of low viscosity, low content of gases, and high temperature at the vent.

Basalt

basalticcolumnar basaltbasalts
Typically they are effusive eruptions, with basaltic magmas of low viscosity, low content of gases, and high temperature at the vent.

Viscosity

viscousdynamic viscositykinematic viscosity
Typically they are effusive eruptions, with basaltic magmas of low viscosity, low content of gases, and high temperature at the vent.

Hotspot (geology)

hotspothotspotshot spot
This type of eruption occurs most often at hotspot volcanoes such as Kīlauea on Hawaii's big island and in Iceland, though it can occur near subduction zones (e.g. Medicine Lake Volcano in California, United States) and rift zones.

Volcanology of Iceland

IcelandIcelandic volcanoIcelandic shield
This type of eruption occurs most often at hotspot volcanoes such as Kīlauea on Hawaii's big island and in Iceland, though it can occur near subduction zones (e.g. Medicine Lake Volcano in California, United States) and rift zones.

Medicine Lake Volcano

Glass MountainMedicine LakeMedicine Lake Highlands
This type of eruption occurs most often at hotspot volcanoes such as Kīlauea on Hawaii's big island and in Iceland, though it can occur near subduction zones (e.g. Medicine Lake Volcano in California, United States) and rift zones.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
This type of eruption occurs most often at hotspot volcanoes such as Kīlauea on Hawaii's big island and in Iceland, though it can occur near subduction zones (e.g. Medicine Lake Volcano in California, United States) and rift zones.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
This type of eruption occurs most often at hotspot volcanoes such as Kīlauea on Hawaii's big island and in Iceland, though it can occur near subduction zones (e.g. Medicine Lake Volcano in California, United States) and rift zones.

Rift

riftingrift basinchasm
This type of eruption occurs most often at hotspot volcanoes such as Kīlauea on Hawaii's big island and in Iceland, though it can occur near subduction zones (e.g. Medicine Lake Volcano in California, United States) and rift zones.

Surtsey

Syrtlingur
Another example of Hawaiian eruptions occurred on the island of Surtsey in Iceland from 1964 to 1967, when molten lava flowed from the crater to the sea.

Fissure vent

fissurevolcanic fissurefissures
Hawaiian eruptions may occur along fissure vents, such as during the eruption of Mauna Loa in 1950, or at a central vent, such as during the 1959 eruption in Kīlauea Iki Crater, which created a lava fountain 580 meters (1,900 ft) high and formed a 38-meter cone named Puu Puai.

Kīlauea Iki

Kīlauea Iki crater
Hawaiian eruptions may occur along fissure vents, such as during the eruption of Mauna Loa in 1950, or at a central vent, such as during the 1959 eruption in Kīlauea Iki Crater, which created a lava fountain 580 meters (1,900 ft) high and formed a 38-meter cone named Puu Puai.

Rift zone

rift zonesrift eruptions
In fissure-type eruptions, lava spurts from a fissure on the volcano's rift zone and feeds lava streams that flow downslope.

Mount Mihara

Mt. MiharaMihara
In central-vent eruptions, a fountain of lava can spurt to a height of 300 meters or more (heights of 1600 meters were reported for the 1986 eruption of Mount Mihara on Izu Ōshima, Japan).

Izu Ōshima

ŌshimaOshima IslandŌshima Island
In central-vent eruptions, a fountain of lava can spurt to a height of 300 meters or more (heights of 1600 meters were reported for the 1986 eruption of Mount Mihara on Izu Ōshima, Japan).

Japan

🇯🇵JPNJapanese
In central-vent eruptions, a fountain of lava can spurt to a height of 300 meters or more (heights of 1600 meters were reported for the 1986 eruption of Mount Mihara on Izu Ōshima, Japan).

Magma

magmaticmeltmagmas
Hawaiian eruptions usually start by the formation of a crack in the ground from which a curtain of incandescent magma or several closely spaced magma fountains appear.

Skjaldbreiður

When such an eruption from a central cone is protracted, it can form lightly sloped shield volcanoes, for example Mauna Loa or Skjaldbreiður in Iceland.