Hawaiian language

HawaiianHawaiian forHawaiiHawaiian-languageHawaiʻiannativeOlelo Hawai'iHawaiian wordlanguagedialect
The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii, ) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaii, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.wikipedia
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State of HawaiiHawaiʻiHI
Hawaiian, along with English, is an official language of the State of Hawaii.
The Hawaiian language word Hawaii is very similar to Proto-Polynesian *Sawaiki, with the reconstructed meaning "homeland".

Pūnana Leo

ʻAha Pūnana LeoAha Punana Leo
Public Hawaiian-language immersion preschools called Pūnana Leo were established in 1984; other immersion schools followed soon after that.
Pūnana Leo (Hawaiian: "voice nest"; often translated as "language nest") are private, non-profit preschools run by families, in which the Hawaiian language is the language of instruction and administration.

Hawaiian Pidgin

Hawaiian Creole EnglishHawaiian CreolePidgin
A creole language spoken in Hawaii is Hawaiian Pidgin (or Hawaii Creole English, HCE).
Although English and Hawaiian are the co-official languages of the state of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiian Pidgin is spoken by many Hawaiʻi residents in everyday conversation and is often used in advertising targeted toward locals in Hawaiʻi.

Hawaiian alphabet

The Hawaiian alphabet has 13 letters: five vowels: a e i o u (each with a long pronunciation and a short one) and eight consonants: he ke la mu nu pi we, including a glottal stop called okina.
The Hawaiian alphabet (in ka pīʻāpā Hawaiʻi) is an alphabet used to write Hawaiian.

Austronesian languages

AustronesianAustronesian languageAustronesian language family
Hawaiian is a Polynesian member of the Austronesian language family.
Hawaiian, Rapa Nui, Maori and Malagasy (spoken on Madagascar) are the geographic outliers.

Tongan language

It is closely related to other Polynesian languages, such as Samoan, Marquesan, Tahitian, Māori, Rapa Nui (the language of Easter Island) and Tongan.
Tongan is one of the multiple languages in the Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages, along with Hawaiian, Maori, Samoan and Tahitian, for example.

Samoan language

It is closely related to other Polynesian languages, such as Samoan, Marquesan, Tahitian, Māori, Rapa Nui (the language of Easter Island) and Tongan.
The "traditional" classification, based on shared innovations in grammar and vocabulary, places Samoan with Tokelauan, the Polynesian outlier languages and the languages of Eastern Polynesia, which include Rapanui, Māori, Tahitian and Hawaiian.

Tagalog language

It is related to other Philippine languages, such as the Bikol languages, Ilocano, the Visayan languages, Kapampangan, and Pangasinan, and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan, Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian), Hawaiian, Māori, and Malagasy.

Ilocano language

An Austronesian language, it is related to such languages as Malay (Indonesian and Malaysian), Tetum, Chamorro, Fijian, Maori, Hawaiian, Samoan, Tahitian, Paiwan and Malagasy.


Honolulu, HawaiiHonolulu, HIHonolulu, Hawai'i
Honolulu television station KGMB ran a weekly Hawaiian language program, Āhai Ōlelo Ola, as recently as 2010.
Honolulu means "sheltered harbor" or "calm port" in Hawaiian.

Proto-Austronesian language

For instance, the Hawaiian language is famous for having only eight consonants, while Māori has only ten consonants.


Kingdom of TongaFriendly IslandsTongan
According to Schütz (1994), the Marquesans colonized the archipelago in roughly 300 CE followed by later waves of immigration from the Society Islands and Samoa-Tonga.
Tongan, a Polynesian language, is closely related to Wallisian (Uvean), Niuean, Hawaiian, and Samoan.

Hawaiian phonology

HawaiianHawaiian phonological processes
(See Hawaiian phonological processes)
The phonological system of the Hawaiian language is based on documentation from those who developed the Hawaiian alphabet during the 1820s as well as scholarly research conducted by lexicographers and linguists from 1949 to present.


King KalākauaKing David KalākauaDavid Kalākaua
When Hawaiian King David Kalākaua took a trip around the world, he brought his native language with him.
At the school, Kalākaua became fluent in English and the Hawaiian language and was noted for his fun and humor rather than his academic prowess.

Hawaiian name

ʻOkina (oki 'cut' + -na '-ing') is the modern Hawaiian name for the symbol (a letter) that represents the glottal stop.
A Hawaiian name is a name in the Hawaiian language.

Comparative method

comparativesound correspondenceComparative method (linguistics)
The genetic history of the Hawaiian language is demonstrated primarily through the application of lexicostatistics, which involves quantitative comparison of lexical cognates, and the comparative method.

Glottal stop

ʔGlottalglottal stops
ʻOkina (oki 'cut' + -na '-ing') is the modern Hawaiian name for the symbol (a letter) that represents the glottal stop.
In many Polynesian languages that use the Latin alphabet, however, the glottal stop is written with a reversed apostrophe, (called ‘okina in Hawaiian and Samoan), which is used to transcribe the Arabic ayin as well and is the source of the IPA character for the voiced pharyngeal fricative.


KauaʻiKauai, HawaiiKaua'i
The isolated island of Niʻihau, located off the southwest coast of Kauai, is the one island where Hawaiian is still spoken as the language of daily life.
Knudsen, who spoke fluent Hawaiian, later became an elected representative and an influential politician on the island.


Queen KapiolaniQueen KapiʻolaniKapiolani
When his wife, Queen Kapiolani, and his sister, Princess (later Queen) Liliuokalani, took a trip across North America and on to the British Islands, in 1887, Liliuokalani's composition Aloha Oe was already a famous song in the U.S.
Kapiʻolani was brought up to read and write in the Hawaiian language.


kumu hulahula dancehula dancing
One form of storytelling most commonly associated with the Hawaiian islands is hula.
'Olelo Hawai'i (Hawaiian language) contains 43 different words to describe voice quality; the technique and particularity of chanting styles is crucial to understanding their function.

Easter Island

Rapa NuiIsla de PascuaEaster
It is closely related to other Polynesian languages, such as Samoan, Marquesan, Tahitian, Māori, Rapa Nui (the language of Easter Island) and Tongan.
Easter Island's traditional language is Rapa Nui, an Eastern Polynesian language, sharing some similarities with Hawaiian and Tahitian.

Kamehameha Schools

Kamehameha SchoolBernice Pauahi Bishop EstateKamehameha
Hawaiian was not taught initially in any school, including the all-Hawaiian Kamehameha Schools.
The Kapālama high school offers a six-year program in Hawaiian language and requires its students to achieve Hawaiian language proficiency equivalent to one year of study.

Adelbert von Chamisso

Cham.ChamissoAdelbert de Chamisso
Adelbert von Chamisso might have consulted with a native speaker of Hawaiian in Berlin, Germany, before publishing his grammar of Hawaiian (Über die Hawaiische Sprache) in 1837.
His last scientific labor was a tract on the Hawaiian language.

Grave accent

In Hawaiian, the grave accent is not placed over another character but is sometimes encountered as a typographically easier substitute for the ʻokina: Hawai`i instead of Hawaiʻi.