Haxhi Zeka

Haji Zeka
Haxhi Zekë Biberaj mostly known as Haxhi Zeka (Haci Zeka; 20 December 1832 – 21 February 1902) was an Albanian nationalist leader, a member of the League of Prizren, while in 1899 he was part of the establishment and leadership of the League of Peja, another organization seeking protection of Albanians territories from Balkan states.wikipedia
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League of Peja

Haxhi Zekë Biberaj mostly known as Haxhi Zeka (Haci Zeka; 20 December 1832 – 21 February 1902) was an Albanian nationalist leader, a member of the League of Prizren, while in 1899 he was part of the establishment and leadership of the League of Peja, another organization seeking protection of Albanians territories from Balkan states.
It was led by Haxhi Zeka, a former member of the League of Prizren, and shared the same aim of achieving an autonomous Albanian vilayet within the Ottoman Empire.

Peć

PejëPejaİpek
Zeka was born on 20 December 1832 in the village of Shoshani (now in Tropojë), from where his family moved to Peć, in the Kosovo Vilayet.
The organization, led by Haxhi Zeka, adopted the character of the earlier League of Prizren to defend the rights of Ottoman Albanians and seek autonomous status within the empire.

Bajram Curri

CurriBajram
In 1893, Haxhi Zeka and Bajram Curri organized the uprisings in Peć, Gjakova and other regions of Kosovo against the political and economic injustices of the Ottoman Empire.
In 1893 he participated in a revolt in Kosovo led by Haxhi Zeka, which was quickly suppressed by the Ottoman army.

Sulejman Vokshi

In the spring of 1881 he fought with Sulejman Vokshi and took part in battles against the army of Dervish Pasha.
During the consequent Ottoman-Albanian conflict he fought alongside Haxhi Zeka and Vokshi's Prizren League forces captured the cities of Üsküb (4 January 1881), Pristina and Mitrovica.

Tropojë

TropojaTropojë MassifTropoje
Zeka was born on 20 December 1832 in the village of Shoshani (now in Tropojë), from where his family moved to Peć, in the Kosovo Vilayet.

Besa (Albanian culture)

besabesasBesa'' tradition during World War II
On 28 January 1899 an agreement was reached by the delegates on forming the League of Peja (Besa-Besë) and on 29 January swore a pledge (besë), suspended blood feuds in the region and elected Zeka as chairman of its Committee.
Haxhi Zeka, a landowner from Ipek (Pejë) organized a meeting of 450 Kosovo Albanian notables in 1899 and they agreed to form Besa-Besë (League of Peja) to fight the Ottoman government and swore a besa to suspend all blood feuding.

Rugova (region)

RugovaRugova MountainsRugova region
In this square are important objects including Tahir Bey Konak, the National Ethnographic Museum where can be seen various galleries, traditional national crafts, characteristic clothing of Rugova and Dukagjini, Trade Center "Metë Bajraktari" etc. In the center of the square is the fountain which was built in the 16th century, close to the statue of Haxhi Zeka.
In earlier wars, Rugova had been a shelter for patriots such as Hasan Prishtina and Haxhi Zeka.

Ali Pasha of Gusinje

Ali Pasha of GuciaAli Bey of GuciaAli Pasha
An attemption to assassinate Ali Pasha was undertaken in the Rugova Canyon on 29 November 1887, organized by Albanian nationalist Haxhi Zeka, which he survived but died on 5 March 1888.

League of Prizren

Prizren LeaguePrizren Committee for National DefenceAlbanian League
Haxhi Zekë Biberaj mostly known as Haxhi Zeka (Haci Zeka; 20 December 1832 – 21 February 1902) was an Albanian nationalist leader, a member of the League of Prizren, while in 1899 he was part of the establishment and leadership of the League of Peja, another organization seeking protection of Albanians territories from Balkan states.
The imperial authorities disbanded a successor organisation Besa-Besë (League of Peja) founded in 1897, executed its president Haxhi Zeka in 1902, and banned Albanian-language books and correspondence.

Hajji

HajiAlhajiH.
Haxhi Zekë Biberaj mostly known as Haxhi Zeka (Haci Zeka; 20 December 1832 – 21 February 1902) was an Albanian nationalist leader, a member of the League of Prizren, while in 1899 he was part of the establishment and leadership of the League of Peja, another organization seeking protection of Albanians territories from Balkan states.

Kosovo Vilayet

Vilayet of KosovoKosovoOttoman Kosovo
Zeka was born on 20 December 1832 in the village of Shoshani (now in Tropojë), from where his family moved to Peć, in the Kosovo Vilayet.

Mehmed Ali Pasha (marshal)

Mehmed Ali PashaMehmet Ali PashaMehmed Pasha
He was a military commander, in charge of the forces of the League in action in Gjakova in September 1878 against Mehmet Ali Pasha.

Plav, Montenegro

PlavPlav-GusinjePlav Municipality
Besides other political and military leaders the league struggled in late 1879 and early 1880 for the protection of Plav and Gusinje against the forces of Montenegro.

Gusinje

GuciaGusinje / Gucia
Besides other political and military leaders the league struggled in late 1879 and early 1880 for the protection of Plav and Gusinje against the forces of Montenegro.

Principality of Montenegro

MontenegroMontenegrinPrincipality
Besides other political and military leaders the league struggled in late 1879 and early 1880 for the protection of Plav and Gusinje against the forces of Montenegro.

Kosovo

Republic of KosovoKosovarKosovan
In 1893, Haxhi Zeka and Bajram Curri organized the uprisings in Peć, Gjakova and other regions of Kosovo against the political and economic injustices of the Ottoman Empire.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
In 1893, Haxhi Zeka and Bajram Curri organized the uprisings in Peć, Gjakova and other regions of Kosovo against the political and economic injustices of the Ottoman Empire.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
For his patriotic activities in 1893, he was summoned to Istanbul where he was held under arrest until 1896.

Sami Frashëri

SamiSami FrasheriŞemsettin Sami
In cooperation with the Albanian Committee of Istanbul headed by Sami Frashëri and other patriots at home and abroad, Haxhi Zeka organized a meeting known as the Assembly of Peja of Albanian notables between 23–29 January 1899.

Gjakmarrja

blood feudingblood feudblood feuds
On 28 January 1899 an agreement was reached by the delegates on forming the League of Peja (Besa-Besë) and on 29 January swore a pledge (besë), suspended blood feuds in the region and elected Zeka as chairman of its Committee.

Sublime Porte

PorteOttoman PorteHigh Porte
In April–May 1899 he was prepared to call another General Assembly of the Albanian League, whose keeping was hampered by the Sublime Porte.

European balance of power

Great Powersbalance of power in EuropeEuropean power
Regardless of Istanbul's objections and obstacles of the Great Powers of neighbouring irredentist states, Haxhi Zeka continued his efforts to strengthen the League throughout the year 1900 until its suppression by the Ottoman army.

Austria-Hungary

Austro-Hungarian EmpireAustro-HungarianAustria–Hungary
Zeka reached out to Austria-Hungary offering his services and advocated for a union between Albania and them, however they distrusted him due to his closeness with the Ottoman sultan's entourage.

Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
The Haxhi Zeka Mill was the first mill in Kosovo and the region which had the most advanced technology brought in from Austria.