Head of government

heads of governmentgovernmentchief executiveheadhead of the governmenthead ofchief of governmenthead of county governmentChief administratorchief executives
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.wikipedia
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Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
"Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state" (as in article 7 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, article 1 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents and the United Nations protocol list), as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country. Although there is often a formal reporting relationship to a head of state, the latter usually acts as a figurehead who may take the role of chief executive on limited occasions, either when receiving constitutional advice from the head of government or under specific provisions in a constitution. This is used as a formal title in many states, but also informally a generic term to describe whichever office is considered the principal minister under an otherwise styled head of state, as minister — Latin for servants or subordinates — is a common title for members of a government (but many other titles are in use, e.g. chancellor and secretary of state).
Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government and more.

Parliamentary system

parliamentaryparliamentarismparliamentary democracy
In parliamentary systems, including constitutional monarchies, the head of government is the de facto political leader of the government, and is answerable to one chamber or the entire legislature.
In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a person distinct from the head of government.

Presidential system

presidentialpresidential republicpresidentialism
In presidential republics or in absolute monarchies, the head of state is also usually the head of government.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican government in which a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

Cabinet (government)

cabinetcouncil of ministerscabinets
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
The function of a cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government.

Prime Minister of France

Prime MinisterPresident of the Council of MinistersFrench Prime Minister
In France, the president, the head of state, appoints the prime minister, who is the head of government.
The Prime Minister of the French Republic (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government.

Figurehead

ceremonialceremonial officein name only
Although there is often a formal reporting relationship to a head of state, the latter usually acts as a figurehead who may take the role of chief executive on limited occasions, either when receiving constitutional advice from the head of government or under specific provisions in a constitution.
This usually means that they are head of state, but not head of government.

Federal Council (Switzerland)

Swiss Federal CouncilFederal CouncilFederal Council of Switzerland
A prominent example is the Swiss Federal Council, where each member of the council heads a department and also votes on proposals relating to all departments.
The Federal Council (Bundesrat, Conseil fédéral, Consiglio federale, Cussegl federal) is the seven-member executive council that constitutes the federal government of the Swiss Confederation and serves as the collective head of state and of government of Switzerland.

Chief minister

Deputy Chief MinisterCMChief Ministers
A chief minister is an elected or appointed head of government of – in most instances – a sub-national entity, for instance an administrative subdivision or federal constituent entity.

French Fifth Republic

Fifth RepublicFranceFifth French Republic
A modern example is the present French government, which originated as the French Fifth Republic in 1958.
The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system that split powers between a prime minister as head of government and a president as head of state.

Directorial system

DirectorialDirectorycolletive leadership
In directorial systems, the executive responsibilities of the head of government are spread among a group of people.
A directorial republic is a country ruled by a college of several people who jointly exercise the powers of a head of state and/or a head of government.

Premier

Vice Premierpremiersblue chip
Premier is a title for the head of government in some countries, states and sub-national governments.

Minister-president

Minister PresidentMinisterpräsidentMinisters-President
A minister-president or minister president is the head of government in a number of European countries or subnational governments with a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government where they preside over the council of ministers.

Chancellor

chancelleryGrand ChancellorVice-Chancellor
This is used as a formal title in many states, but also informally a generic term to describe whichever office is considered the principal minister under an otherwise styled head of state, as minister — Latin for servants or subordinates — is a common title for members of a government (but many other titles are in use, e.g. chancellor and secretary of state).
The Chancellor of Germany or Bundeskanzler (official German title which means "Federal Chancellor") is the title for the head of government in Germany.

Prime minister

prime ministersPMchief minister
A prime minister is not the head of state of their respective nation nor a monarch, rather they are the head of government, serving typically under a monarch in a hybrid of aristocratic and democratic government forms or a president in a republican form of government.

Prime Minister of Albania

Prime MinisterChairman of the Council of Ministers of AlbaniaAlbanian Prime Minister
The prime minister of Albania (Kryeministri i Shqipërisë), officially styled Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania (Kryeministri i Republikës së Shqipërisë), is the head of government of the Republic of Albania and as well the most powerful and influential person in Albanian politics.

Lehendakari

PresidentBasque Presidentlendakari
The President of the Basque Government (Eusko Jaurlaritzako lehendakaria, presidente del Gobierno Vasco), usually known in the Basque language as the Lehendakari (lehendakari, lendakari), is the head of government of the Basque Autonomous Community.

President of the Council of Ministers

President of the CouncilChairman of the Council of MinistersPresident of the French Council of Ministers
Some Presidents of the Council of Ministers are the heads of government.

State Counsellor of Myanmar

State Counsellorcomplete listState Councillor
The State Counsellor of Myanmar is the de facto head of government of Myanmar, equivalent to a prime minister.

Prime Minister of Bulgaria

Prime MinisterChairman of the Council of Ministers of BulgariaBulgarian Prime Minister
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria (Министър-председател, Ministar-predsedatel) is the head of government of Bulgaria.

President of the Balearic Islands

President of the GovernmentPresident9th President of Balearic Islands
The President of the Balearic Islands is the head of government of the Balearic Islands, one of the 17 autonomous communities of Spain, while the monarch Felipe VI remains the head of state as King of Spain (and therefore of the Balearic Islands).

Prime Minister of Denmark

Prime MinisterMinister of StateCouncil President of Denmark
The Prime Minister of Denmark (Danmarks statsminister) is the head of government in the Kingdom of Denmark comprising the three constituent countries: Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

Prime Minister of the Netherlands

Prime MinisterChairman of the Dutch Council of MinistersChairman of the Council of Ministers of the Netherlands
The Prime Minister is de facto the head of government of the Netherlands and coordinates its policy with his cabinet.

First minister

first ministersPremierfirst
In Canada, a first minister is any of the Canadian first ministers of the Crown, otherwise known as heads of government, including the Prime Minister of Canada and the provincial and territorial premiers.

Prime Minister of Estonia

Prime MinisterPrime ministersEstonia
The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: peaminister, literally Main Minister or Head Minister) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia.

Prime Minister of Belgium

Prime MinisterCabinet ChiefHead of government
Some constitutions make a Prime Minister primus inter pares (first among equals) and that remains the practical reality for the Prime Minister of Belgium and the Prime Minister of Finland.
The Prime Minister of Belgium (Eerste minister van België; Premier ministre de Belgique; Premierminister von Belgien) or the Premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government of Belgium, and the most powerful person in Belgian politics.