Health

human healthphysical healthwellnesshealthyphysicalhealthy livinghealth benefitsgood healthhealth benefitphysical well-being
Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in which disease and infirmity are absent.wikipedia
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Well-being

wellbeingwell beingwelfare
Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being in which disease and infirmity are absent.
According to Naci and Ioannidis, "Wellness refers to diverse and interconnected dimensions of physical, mental, and social well-being that extend beyond the traditional definition of health. It includes choices and activities aimed at achieving physical vitality, mental alacrity, social satisfaction, a sense of accomplishment, and personal fulfillment".

Global health

global public healthhealthdeficiencies of micronutrients
– such as the 1974 Lalonde report from Canada; the Alameda County Study in California; and the series of World Health Reports of the World Health Organization, which focuses on global health issues including access to health care and improving public health outcomes, especially in developing countries.
Global health is the health of populations in the global context; it has been defined as "the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide".

Public health

Community MedicinehealthSchool of Public Health
– such as the 1974 Lalonde report from Canada; the Alameda County Study in California; and the series of World Health Reports of the World Health Organization, which focuses on global health issues including access to health care and improving public health outcomes, especially in developing countries. Applied health sciences endeavor to better understand and improve human health through applications in areas such as health education, biomedical engineering, biotechnology and public health.
Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Organized interventions to improve health based on the principles and procedures developed through the health sciences are provided by practitioners trained in medicine, nursing, nutrition, pharmacy, social work, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health care professions.
Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness.

Exercise

physical exerciseexercisingphysical activity
Focusing more on lifestyle issues and their relationships with functional health, data from the Alameda County Study suggested that people can improve their health via exercise, enough sleep, spending time in nature, maintaining a healthy body weight, limiting alcohol use, and avoiding smoking. Physical exercise enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.

Healthy city

Healthy CitiesWHO European Healthy Cities Network
The term "healthy" is also widely used in the context of many types of non-living organizations and their impacts for the benefit of humans, such as in the sense of healthy communities, healthy cities or healthy environments.
Healthy city is a term used in public health and urban design to stress the impact of policy on human health.

Lalonde report

– such as the 1974 Lalonde report from Canada; the Alameda County Study in California; and the series of World Health Reports of the World Health Organization, which focuses on global health issues including access to health care and improving public health outcomes, especially in developing countries.
It proposed the concept of the "health field", identifying two main health-related objectives: the health care system; and prevention of health problems and promotion of good health.

Alameda County Study

– such as the 1974 Lalonde report from Canada; the Alameda County Study in California; and the series of World Health Reports of the World Health Organization, which focuses on global health issues including access to health care and improving public health outcomes, especially in developing countries.
The Alameda County Study is a probability study of residents from Alameda County, California which examines the relationship between lifestyle and health.

Built environment

environmentbuiltenvironments
This includes characteristics of the natural environment, the built environment and the social environment.
In recent years, public health research has expanded the definition of "built environment" to include healthy food access, community gardens, mental health, physical health, "walkability", and "bikeability".

Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nations
– such as the 1974 Lalonde report from Canada; the Alameda County Study in California; and the series of World Health Reports of the World Health Organization, which focuses on global health issues including access to health care and improving public health outcomes, especially in developing countries.

Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion

Ottawa Charter
The maintenance and promotion of health is achieved through different combination of physical, mental, and social well-being, together sometimes referred to as the "health triangle." The WHO's 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion further stated that health is not just a state, but also "a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities."
The thirtieth WHO World Health Assembly, held in 1977, had highlighted the importance of promoting health so that all the international citizens had an "economically productive" level of health by the year 2000.

Social support

supportinterpersonal supportsocial
These different types of social support have different patterns of correlations with health, personality, and personal relationships.

Health policy

health planpolicyhealth care policy
An increasing number of studies and reports from different organizations and contexts examine the linkages between health and different factors, including lifestyles, environments, health care organization and health policy, one specific health policy brought into many countries in recent years was the introduction of the sugar tax.
In recent years, the worldwide human rights organization Amnesty International has focused on health as a human right, addressing inadequate access to HIV drugs and women's sexual and reproductive rights including wide disparities in maternal mortality within and across countries.

Social environment

milieuenvironmentsocial context
This includes characteristics of the natural environment, the built environment and the social environment.
The physical and social environment is a determining factor in active and healthy aging in place, being a central factor in the study of environmental gerontology.

Physical fitness

fitnessphysical trainingphysical
Physical exercise enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities.

Health education

Healtheducationhealth educator
Applied health sciences endeavor to better understand and improve human health through applications in areas such as health education, biomedical engineering, biotechnology and public health.
Health education can be defined as the principle by which individuals and groups of people, learn to behave in a manner conducive to the promotion, maintenance, or restoration of health.

Nutrition

nutrition sciencenutritionalnutritional science
Organized interventions to improve health based on the principles and procedures developed through the health sciences are provided by practitioners trained in medicine, nursing, nutrition, pharmacy, social work, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health care professions.
Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.

Weight gain

increased weightgaining weightAbnormal weight gain
Due to the role of sleep in regulating metabolism, insufficient sleep may also play a role in weight gain or, conversely, in impeding weight loss.
If enough weight is gained due to increased body fat deposits, one may become overweight or obese, generally defined as having more body fat (adipose tissue) than is considered good for health.

Population health

population health managementhealth of a populationhealth
It is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis.
It is an approach to health that aims to improve the health of an entire human population.

Health care

healthcarehealth servicesmedical care
In addition to health care interventions and a person's surroundings, a number of other factors are known to influence the health status of individuals, including their background, lifestyle, and economic, social conditions and spirituality; these are referred to as "determinants of health."
Health care, health-care, or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people.

Pharmacy

pharmaciespharmaceutical sciencesdrugstore
Organized interventions to improve health based on the principles and procedures developed through the health sciences are provided by practitioners trained in medicine, nursing, nutrition, pharmacy, social work, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health care professions.
Pharmacists are healthcare professionals with specialized education and training who perform various roles to ensure optimal health outcomes for their patients through the quality use of medicines.

Outline of health sciences

health scienceshealth sciencehealthcare science
Generally, the context in which an individual lives is of great importance for both his health status and quality of their life It is increasingly recognized that health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science, but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society.

Occupational safety and health

health and safetyoccupational healthoccupational health and safety
Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, and occupational health are also important areas of public health.
Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work.

Community health

communityCommunity Health ServicesCommunity Medicine
Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, and occupational health are also important areas of public health.
Community health is a branch of public health which focuses on people and their role as determinants of their own and other peoples's health in contrast to environmental health which focuses on the physical environment and its impact on peoples health.

Health promotion

promote healthpromotionpromote public health
The focus of public health interventions is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behavior, communities, and (in aspects relevant to human health) environments.
The WHO's 2005 Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World defines health promotion as "the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health".