Health care

healthcarehealth servicesmedical caretertiary carehealthpatient caresecondary caremedical serviceshealth servicemedical
For other uses, see Health care (disambiguation) or Medical Care (journal).wikipedia
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Therapy

therapeutictherapisttreatment
Health care, health-care, or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people.
Thus, in health care contexts (where its senses are always noncount), the word care tends to imply a broad idea of everything done to protect or improve someone's health (for example, as in the terms preventive care and primary care, which connote ongoing action), although it sometimes implies a narrower idea (for example, in the simplest cases of wound care or postanesthesia care, a few particular steps are sufficient, and the patient's interaction with that provider is soon finished).

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Dentistry, pharmacy, midwifery, nursing, medicine, optometry, audiology, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health professions are all part of health care. This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, along with many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness.

Primary care

primaryprimary care providerprimary health care
It includes work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health.
Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider.

Dentistry

dentaldental caredentist
Dentistry, pharmacy, midwifery, nursing, medicine, optometry, audiology, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health professions are all part of health care. This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, along with many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
Most dentists either work in private practices (primary care), dental hospitals or (secondary care) institutions (prisons, armed forces bases, etc.).

Public health

Community MedicinehealthSchool of Public Health
It includes work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health. This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, along with many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
For example, epidemiology, biostatistics and management of health services are all relevant.

Health

human healthphysical healthwellness
Health care, health-care, or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people.
In addition to health care interventions and a person's surroundings, a number of other factors are known to influence the health status of individuals, including their background, lifestyle, and economic, social conditions and spirituality; these are referred to as "determinants of health."

Allied health professions

allied healthallied health professionalsallied health professional
Health care is delivered by health professionals in allied health fields. This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, along with many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
Direct health professions are health care professions distinct from nursing, medicine, and pharmacy.

Community health worker

community health workerscommunity-based health worker
This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, along with many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
Community health worker (CHW) are members of a community who are chosen by community members or organizations to provide basic health and medical care to their community capable of providing preventive, promotional and rehabilitation care to these communities.

Health professional

health care providerhealthcare professionalshealth care professionals
Health care is delivered by health professionals in allied health fields. Primary care refers to the work of health professionals who act as a first point of consultation for all patients within the health care system.
A health professional may operate within all branches of health care, including medicine, surgery, pharmacy, dentistry, midwifery, psychology, nursing or allied health professions.

Unlicensed assistive personnel

nursing assistanthealthcare assistantCertified Nursing Assistant
This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, along with many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
Unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) are paraprofessionals who assist individuals with physical disabilities, mental impairments, and other health care needs with their activities of daily living (ADLs).

Nursing

nursenursesstaff nurse
Dentistry, pharmacy, midwifery, nursing, medicine, optometry, audiology, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health professions are all part of health care. This includes professionals in medicine, psychology, physiotherapy, nursing, dentistry, midwifery and allied health, along with many others such as public health practitioners, community health workers and assistive personnel, who systematically provide personal and population-based preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.

Disability

disableddisabilitieshandicapped
Health care, health-care, or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people.
In the medical model, medical care is viewed as the main issue, and at the political level, the principal response is that of modifying or reforming healthcare policy.

Transitional care

continuity of careCare transitionContinuum of Care
Continuity is a key characteristic of primary care, as patients usually prefer to consult the same practitioner for routine check-ups and preventive care, health education, and every time they require an initial consultation about a new health problem.
Transitional care refers to the coordination and continuity of health care during a movement from one healthcare setting to either another or to home, called care transition, between health care practitioners and settings as their condition and care needs change during the course of a chronic or acute illness.

Health facility

medical facilitymedical facilitieshealth facilities
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a well-functioning health care system requires a financing mechanism, a well-trained and adequately paid workforce, reliable information on which to base decisions and policies, and well maintained health facilities to deliver quality medicines and technologies.
A hospital is an institution for healthcare typically providing specialized treatment for inpatient (or overnight) stays.

Outline of health sciences

health scienceshealth sciencehealthcare science
Dentistry, pharmacy, midwifery, nursing, medicine, optometry, audiology, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health professions are all part of health care.

Health human resources

health workforcehealth workershuman resources for health
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a well-functioning health care system requires a financing mechanism, a well-trained and adequately paid workforce, reliable information on which to base decisions and policies, and well maintained health facilities to deliver quality medicines and technologies.
The field of health human resources deals with issues such as planning, development, performance, management, retention, information, and research on human resources for the health care sector.

International Classification of Primary Care

ICPC-2
The International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC) is a standardized tool for understanding and analyzing information on interventions in primary care based on the reason for the patient's visit.
It allows for the classification of the patient’s reason for encounter (RFE), the problems/diagnosis managed, primary or general health care interventions, and the ordering of the data of the primary care session in an episode of care structure.

Maternal health

maternalmaternal morbiditymaternal and child health
Primary care also includes many basic maternal and child health care services, such as family planning services and vaccinations.
It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience, in most cases, and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, in other cases.

Primary health care

primary healthcareprimaryprimary care
The World Health Organization attributes the provision of essential primary care as an integral component of an inclusive primary health care strategy.
Primary Health Care, or PHC refers to "essential health care" that is based on scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology.

Hospital

hospitalsinfirmarygeneral hospital
This care is often found in a hospital emergency department.
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.

Referral (medicine)

referralreferralsreferred
Depending on the nature of the health condition, patients may be referred for secondary or tertiary care.
Tertiary care is usually done by referral from primary or secondary medical care personnel.

Acute care

acute-careacuteacute medical care
Secondary care includes acute care: necessary treatment for a short period of time for a brief but serious illness, injury, or other health condition.
Acute care is a branch of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of illness, an urgent medical condition, or during recovery from surgery.

Health insurance

medical insurancehealthhealth benefits
This restriction may be imposed under the terms of the payment agreements in private or group health insurance plans. In other countries patient self-referral to a medical specialist for secondary care is rare as prior referral from another physician (either a primary care physician or another specialist) is considered necessary, regardless of whether the funding is from private insurance schemes or national health insurance.
By estimating the overall risk of health care and health system expenses over the risk pool, an insurer can develop a routine finance structure, such as a monthly premium or payroll tax, to provide the money to pay for the health care benefits specified in the insurance agreement.

National health insurance

social health insurancenational health carestatutory health insurance
In other countries patient self-referral to a medical specialist for secondary care is rare as prior referral from another physician (either a primary care physician or another specialist) is considered necessary, regardless of whether the funding is from private insurance schemes or national health insurance.
National health insurance (NHI) – sometimes called statutory health insurance (SHI) – is a system of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of health care.

Patient

outpatientinpatientpatients
Depending on the nature of the health condition, patients may be referred for secondary or tertiary care. Primary care refers to the work of health professionals who act as a first point of consultation for all patients within the health care system.
A patient is any recipient of health care services.