Health equity

health disparitieshealth inequalitieshealth inequalitydisparitiesequityhealth disparityHealthhealth care disparitiesHealth inequitiesInequalities
Health equity refers to the study and causes of differences in the quality of health and healthcare across different populations.wikipedia
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Socioeconomic status

socio-economic statussocioeconomicSES
Socioeconomic status is both a strong predictor of health, and a key factor underlying health inequities across populations.
Socioeconomic status is an important source of health inequity, as there is a very robust positive correlation between socioeconomic status and health, other than for male homosexuals.


EuroHealthNet is a non-profit partnership of organisations, agencies and statutory bodies working to contribute to a healthier Europe by promoting health and health equity between and within European countries.

Health Disparities Center

Health Disparities Center
Health Disparities Centers refer to institutions that cover a broad range of needs and focus areas to decrease currently disproportionate illness and disease rates that lead to health disparities, as well as promote the engagement, empowerment and recruitment of underrepresented populations in health professions.

Social determinants of health

life-coursesocial determinant of healthbarriers to treatment
Forty-nine participants from 25 European Union Member States will work together to address health inequalities and the underlying social determinants of health across Europe.
The second major area was distribution of power, money, and resources, including equity in health programs, public financing of action on the social determinants, economic inequalities, resource depletion, healthy working conditions, gender equity, political empowerment, constitution of reserves and a balance of power and prosperity of nations.

Race and health in the United States

racial disparitiesAfrican Americans have been shown to suffer notable health disparitieshealth
The United States historically had large disparities in health and access to adequate healthcare between races, and current evidence supports the notion that these racially centered disparities continue to exist and are a significant social health issue.
There is a great deal of research into inequalities in health care.

Social determinants of health in poverty

illnesses prevalent among the poorsocial determinants of health
Social determinants of health in poverty
The social determinants of health in poverty describe the factors that affect impoverished populations' health and health inequality.

Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick?

Ichiro KawachiUnnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us SickUNNATURAL CAUSES: Is Inequality Making Us Sick?'' (2008)
Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick?
Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? is a four-hour documentary series, broadcast nationally on PBS in spring 2008, that examines the role of social determinants of health in creating health inequalities/health disparities (which the film considers health inequities) in the United States.

Black Report

Black committee on inequalities in health
In UK, the Black Report was produced in 1980 to highlight inequalities.
The Black Report was a 1980 document published by the Department of Health and Social Security (now the Department of Health) in the United Kingdom, which was the report of the expert committee into health inequality chaired by Sir Douglas Black.

Healthcare reform in China

changing health-care environmentCooperative Medical SchemeCooperative Medical System
In China, for instance, the collapse of the Cooperative Medical System left many of the rural poor uninsured and unable to access the resources necessary to maintain good health.
A disparity in inequality between urban and rural areas persists, since much of recent government reform is focused on urban areas.

Public health

healthcommunity medicinepublic health specialist
Public health
Each day brings new front-page headlines about public health: emerging infectious diseases such as SARS, rapidly making its way from China (see Public health in China) to Canada, the United States and other geographically distant countries; reducing inequities in health care access through publicly funded health insurance programs; the HIV/AIDS pandemic and its spread from certain high-risk groups to the general population in many countries, such as in South Africa; the increase of childhood obesity and the concomitant increase in type II diabetes among children; the social, economic and health effects of adolescent pregnancy; and the public health challenges related to natural disasters such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, 2005's Hurricane Katrina in the United States and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

Environmental justice

environmentalenvironmental justice movementecological justice
Environmental justice
It focuses on issues of poverty and the environment, but also tackles issues of health inequalities and social exclusion.

Lalonde report

In Canada, the issue was brought to public attention by the LaLonde report.
It this sense, the report was fundamental in identifying health risk behaviours as a determinant of health inequalities.

Public Health England

official PHE statisticsPHESouth West Public Health Observatory
In the UK, Public Health England, a universal service free at the point of use, which forms part of the NHS, offers regular screening to any member of the population considered to be in an at-risk group (such as individuals over 45) for major disease (such as colon cancer, or diabetic-retinopathy).
Reducing health inequalities

Michael Marmot

Michael Gideon MarmotSir Michael Marmot Michael Marmot’s
On 11 February 2010, Sir Michael Marmot, an epidemiologist at University College London, published the Fair Society, Healthy Lives report on the relationship between health and poverty.

Healthcare and the LGBT community

LGBT healthhealthgay and lesbian health center
Healthcare and the LGBT community
Health equity § LGBT minority group health disparities

Population health

health of a populationpopulation health managementhealth
Population health
Health disparities

Gender disparities in health

healthhealthcare inequality also manifests across gender linesstatistically more common in men
While both males and females face health disparities, girls and women experience a majority of health disparities.

Touro University Rainbow Health Coalition

Gay-Straight AllianceLGBT student organization
Touro University Rainbow Health Coalition (RHC) is a group of students, faculty, and staff who promote health equity for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people at Touro University California.


directly relatedsyndemism
Syndemics develop under health disparity, caused by poverty, stress, or structural violence and are studied by epidemiologists and medical anthropologists concerned with public health, community health and the effects of social conditions on health.

Healthcare disparity in Massachusetts

There is also a distinction between health disparity, otherwise known as health equity, and health inequality.

Sex differences in stroke care

This article describes disparities existing between men and women in accessing and receiving care for a stroke.

Race and health

racial disparities in health[2Certain ethnic group
For more information, see the Health equity page's section on "Ethnic and racial disparities".