Health in All Policies

Health in All Policy
Health in All Policies (HiAP) was a term first used in Europe during the Finnish presidency of the European Union (EU), in 2006, with the aim of collaborating across sectors to achieve common goals.wikipedia
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Health promotion

promote healthpromotionpromote public health
The spirit of Alma-Ata was carried forward in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (adopted in Ottawa in 1986), which discussed "healthy public policies" as a key area for health promotion.
More recent work has used the term Health in All Policies to refer to the actions that incorporate health into all public policies.

Social determinants of health

Determinants of healthlife-coursesocial
It notes that some public health problems are so complex that they are best tackled not only by traditional health policy but also by policies and issues that affect the social determinants of health such as schools, zoning, food advertising, public transportation, parks, workplaces, restaurants, and tax policy.
In this context, Health in All Policies has seen as a response to incorporate health and health equity into all public policies as means to foster synergy between sectors and ultimately promote health.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Health in All Policies (HiAP) was a term first used in Europe during the Finnish presidency of the European Union (EU), in 2006, with the aim of collaborating across sectors to achieve common goals.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
Health in All Policies (HiAP) was a term first used in Europe during the Finnish presidency of the European Union (EU), in 2006, with the aim of collaborating across sectors to achieve common goals.

Public health

Community MedicinehealthSchool of Public Health
It reaffirms public health's essential role in addressing policy and structural factors affecting health, as articulated by the Ten Essential Public Health Services, and it has been promoted as an opportunity for the public health sector to engage a broader array of partners.

Almaty

Alma-AtaAlmaty, KazakhstanAlma Ata
The 1978 World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of Alma-Ata was the first formal acknowledgment of the importance of intersectoral action for health.

Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion

Ottawa Charter
The spirit of Alma-Ata was carried forward in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (adopted in Ottawa in 1986), which discussed "healthy public policies" as a key area for health promotion.

Health

human healthphysical healthwellness
HiAP is built on the rationale that health is determined by multiple factors outside the direct control of the health care sector, such as education, income, and the conditions in which people live, work, and play.

Primary health care

primary healthcareprimaryprimary care
HiAP has also been described as an essential component of primary health care.

Ottawa

Ottawa, OntarioOttawa, CanadaOttawa, ON
The spirit of Alma-Ata was carried forward in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (adopted in Ottawa in 1986), which discussed "healthy public policies" as a key area for health promotion.

Finland

FinnishFINRepublic of Finland
One of the first countries to adopt a "healthy policies" approach to address public health concerns was Finland.

North Karelia

Northern KareliaPohjois-KarjalaEast
The North Karelia Project, launched in 1972, aimed to reduce the impact of coronary heart disease in the Finnish region of North Karelia by engaging other sectors (like community organizations, dairy and meat producers, schools) to improve community health.

World Health Organization

WHOWorld Health OrganisationWorld Health Organization (WHO)
The 1978 World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of Alma-Ata was the first formal acknowledgment of the importance of intersectoral action for health.

South Australia

SASouth AustralianSouth
The implementation of HiAP in South Australia has focused on "developing a process to position HiAP as a core process of government, rather than an approach run by and for the health sector".

Chronic condition

chronicchronic diseasechronic diseases
The intersectoral-based HiAP strategy aims to improve British Columbians' health by addressing common risk factors and reducing chronic diseases.

Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerous
With the goal of implementing a global strategy to fight cancer, France launched the Cancer Plan in 2003.

Social inequality

inequalitysocial inequalitiesracial inequality
Among the weaknesses of the plan, was the lack of consideration of social inequalities and access to health care and an ineffective coordination of patient care.

Thailand

ThaiSiamTHA
Fueled by the health reform in 2000, Thailand has encouraged the practice of intersectoral collaboration by making the use of Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) mandatory at all levels of government.

Health impact assessment

risk impact assessment
Fueled by the health reform in 2000, Thailand has encouraged the practice of intersectoral collaboration by making the use of Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) mandatory at all levels of government.

United States Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection AgencyEPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Since 2009, the Departments of Transportation and Housing and Urban Development and the Environmental Protection Agency have worked together through the Partnership for Sustainable Communities.

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Affordable Care ActObamacareACA
The concept of HiAP is included in section 4001 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010), which mandated creation of the National Prevention Council, led by the Surgeon General of the United States, and the development of the National Prevention Strategy.

Surgeon General of the United States

Surgeon GeneralU.S. Surgeon GeneralOffice of the Surgeon General
The concept of HiAP is included in section 4001 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010), which mandated creation of the National Prevention Council, led by the Surgeon General of the United States, and the development of the National Prevention Strategy.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
California's Health in All Policies Task Force, created in 2010 by Executive Order S-04-10, represents the first formal statewide effort to bring together policy makers to identify and recommend programs, policies, and strategies to improve health using a HiAP framework.

California Department of Public Health

Department of Public HealthCalifornia State Department of Public HealthCalifornia Public Health Department
The task force, staffed by the California Department of Public Health, comprises 19 state agencies, offices, and departments, is under the auspices of the Strategic Growth Council, was created in 2008.

San Francisco Department of Public Health

San Francisco Health DepartmentDepartment of Public Health
The San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH) has worked extensively to implement HiAP.