Heathenry (new religious movement)

Germanic neopaganismHeathenryOdinismAsatruÁsatrúHeathenOdinistGermanic NeopaganTheodismWotanism
Heathenry, also termed Heathenism, contemporary Germanic Paganism, or Germanic Neopaganism, is a modern Pagan religion.wikipedia
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Germanic peoples

GermanicGermanic tribesGermanic tribe
Developed in Europe during the early 20th century, its practitioners model it on the pre-Christian belief systems adhered to by the Germanic peoples of the Iron Age and Early Middle Ages.
Elements of Germanic paganism continued into post-Christianization folklore, and today Germanic paganism sees a modern revival in Heathenry, a new religious movement.

Kindred (Heathenism)

kindredsKindred
Although many solitary practitioners follow the religion by themselves, members of the Heathen community often assemble in small groups, usually known as kindreds or hearths, to perform their rites outdoors or in specially constructed buildings.
In the Heathen movements, a kindred is a local worship group and organizational unit.

Modern Paganism

NeopaganNeopaganismneo-pagan
Heathenry, also termed Heathenism, contemporary Germanic Paganism, or Germanic Neopaganism, is a modern Pagan religion.
On the reconstructionist side can be placed those movements which often favour the designation "Native Faith", including Romuva, Heathenry, and Hellenism.

New religious movement

new religious movementsnew religionsmodern religious movements
Scholars of religious studies classify it as a new religious movement.
The early 20th Century also saw a rise in interest in Asatru.

Symbel

sumbelritual drinkingmemory-draught
These are often accompanied by symbel, the act of ceremonially toasting the gods with an alcoholic beverage.
Bauschatz' lead is followed only sporadically in modern scholarship, but his interpretation has inspired such solemn drinking-rituals in Germanic neopaganism, especially in the United States.

Guido von List

Guido von List SocietyGuido-von-List-GesellschaftGuido Karl Anton List
Several early Heathens like Guido von List found the polytheistic nature of pre-Christian religion embarrassing, and argued that in reality it had been monotheistic.
He expounded a modern Pagan new religious movement known as Wotanism, which he claimed was the revival of the religion of the ancient German race, and which included an inner set of Ariosophical teachings that he termed Armanism.

Heathen

Heathen (disambiguation)
These terms are based on the word heathen, attested as the Gothic haithn, which was adopted by Gothic Arian missionaries as the equivalent of both the Greek words Hellenis (Hellene, Greek) and ethnikós – "of a (foreign) people".

Heathenry in the United States

ÁsatrúAsatruÁsatrú in the United States
Similarly, many practitioners in the U.S. adopt a particular patron deity for themselves, taking an oath of dedication to them known as fulltruí, and describe themselves as that entity's devotee using terms such as Thorsman or Odinsman.
Heathenry is a modern Pagan new religious movement that has been active in the United States since at least the early 1970s.

Heathen Front

Allgermanische Heidnische FrontNorwegian Heathen FrontOdalist
The England-based racialist group Woden's Folk favored Wodenism and Woden Folk-Religion, while another racialist group, the Heathen Front, favored the term Odalism, coined by Varg Vikernes, in reference to the odal rune.
The Allgermanische Heidnische Front (AHF) was an international neo-Nazi organisation, active during the late 1990s and early 2000s, that espoused a form of neo-völkisch Germanic Neopaganism.

Landvættir

land wightsland spritesLandvaettir
Some of these are known as "land spirits" (landvættir) and inhabit different aspects of the landscape, living alongside humans, whom they can both help and hinder.
Landvættir ("land wights") are spirits of the land in Norse mythology and Germanic neopaganism.

Odin

WodenWotanWodan
Gregorius noted that Odinism was "highly problematic" because it implies that the god Odin—who is adopted from Norse mythology—is central to these groups' theology, which is often not the case. Heathenry's deities are adopted from the pre-Christian belief systems found in the various societies of Germanic Europe; they include divinities like Týr, Odin, Thor, Frigg and Freyja from Scandinavian sources, Wōden, Thunor and Ēostre from Anglo-Saxon sources, and figures such as Nehalennia from continental sources.
He is venerated in most forms of the new religious movement Heathenry, together with other gods venerated by the ancient Germanic peoples; some branches focus particularly on him.

Theology

theologiantheologicaltheologians
Heathenry does not have a unified theology but is typically polytheistic, centering on a pantheon of deities from pre-Christian Germanic Europe.
Nevertheless, theology has been applied in some sectors across contemporary Pagan communities, including Wicca, Heathenry, Druidry and Kemetism.

Thor

DonarThunorÞórr
Heathenry's deities are adopted from the pre-Christian belief systems found in the various societies of Germanic Europe; they include divinities like Týr, Odin, Thor, Frigg and Freyja from Scandinavian sources, Wōden, Thunor and Ēostre from Anglo-Saxon sources, and figures such as Nehalennia from continental sources.
Like other Germanic deities, veneration of Thor is revived in the modern period in Heathenry.

Norse mythology

NorseNordic mythologyScandinavian mythology
Another name for the faith is the Icelandic Ásatrú, which translates as "allegiance to the Æsir"—the Æsir being a sub-set of deities in Norse mythology.
The myths have further been revived in a religious context among adherents of Germanic Neopaganism.

Frigg

FrickaFreaFrig
Heathenry's deities are adopted from the pre-Christian belief systems found in the various societies of Germanic Europe; they include divinities like Týr, Odin, Thor, Frigg and Freyja from Scandinavian sources, Wōden, Thunor and Ēostre from Anglo-Saxon sources, and figures such as Nehalennia from continental sources.
During modern times, Frigg has appeared in popular culture, has been the subject of art and receives veneration in Germanic Neopaganism.

Ēostre

OstaraEostreEaster
Heathenry's deities are adopted from the pre-Christian belief systems found in the various societies of Germanic Europe; they include divinities like Týr, Odin, Thor, Frigg and Freyja from Scandinavian sources, Wōden, Thunor and Ēostre from Anglo-Saxon sources, and figures such as Nehalennia from continental sources.
Ēostre and Ostara are sometimes referenced in modern popular culture and are venerated in some forms of Germanic neopaganism.

Heathenry in the United Kingdom

Odinist FellowshipOdinist Fellowship (United Kingdom)practitioners in the United Kingdom
This term is the most commonly used option by practitioners in the United Kingdom, with growing usage in North America and elsewhere.
In the United Kingdom, a variety of contemporary Pagan movements professing a form of Heathenry exist.

Nine Noble Virtues

Some Heathen communities have formalized such values into an ethical code, the Nine Noble Virtues (NNV), which is based largely on the Hávamál from the Poetic Edda.
The Nine Noble Virtues, NNV, or 9NV are two sets of moral and situational ethical guidelines within certain sects of Odinism and Ásatrú.

The Troth

EldaringRing of TrothTroth
There are, for instance, homosexual and transgender members of The Troth, a prominent U.S. Heathen organisation.
The Troth, formerly the Ring of Troth, is an American-based international heathen organization.

Wicca

WiccanWiccansEclectic Wicca
Among male American Heathens there is a trend toward hypermasculinized behaviour, while a gendered division of labor—in which men are viewed as providers and women seen as being responsible for home and children—is also widespread among Heathens in the U.S. Due to its focus on traditional attitudes to sex and gender—values perceived as socially conservative in Western nations—it has been argued that American Heathenry's ethical system is far closer to traditional Christian morals than the ethical systems espoused in many other Western Pagan religions such as Wicca.
Another term sometimes used as a synonym for "Wicca" is "Pagan Witchcraft", although there are also other forms of modern Paganism—such as types of Heathenry—which also practice magic and thus could be described as "Pagan Witchcraft".

Ásatrúarfélagið

Íslenska ÁsatrúarfélagiðNeopaganism in Icelandthe pagan groups
The Icelandic group Ásatrúarfélagið for instance explicitly rejects animal sacrifice.
The Ásatrúarfélagið (, Ásatrú Fellowship) is an Icelandic religious organisation of heathenry (in Iceland also called Ásatrú, "ás faith").

Freyr

FreyFrohFrø
Many Scandinavian Heathen groups perform same-sex marriages, and a group of self-described "Homo-Heathens" marched in the 2008 Stockholm Pride carrying a statue of the god Freyr.
Like other Germanic deities, veneration of Freyr is revived during the modern period through the Heathenry movement.

Mattias Gardell

Matthias GardellGardell, Mattias
The historian of religion Mattias Gardell noted that there is "no unanimously accepted theology" within the Heathen movement.
Gardell specializes in the study of religious extremism and religious racism in the United States, studying groups such as the Ku Klux Klan, Nation of Islam, and folkish movements in Neopaganism (Odinism).

Valknut

Hrungnir's heartThree intersecting trianglesvalknutr
Another commonly used Heathen symbol is the valknut, used to represent the god Odin or Woden.
The valknut receives sporadic use in modern popular culture and is again associated with Germanic paganism by way of its modern-day revival, Heathenry.

Stephen Flowers

Edred ThorssonStephen E. FlowersFlowers, Stephen
One member of the Troth, Edred Thorsson, developed forms of seiðr which involved sex magic utilizing sado-masochistic techniques, something which generated controversy in the community.
Stephen Edred Flowers (born May 5, 1953), commonly known as Stephen E. Flowers, and also by the pen-names Edred Thorsson, and Darban-i-Den, is a former American professor, scholar, runologist, runosophist, goði and proponent of occultism, Odianism, esoteric runosophy, Germanic mysticism, Asatru, and Mazdaism, being instrumental in the early establishment of the Germanic Neopagan movement in North America and has also been very active in Left-Hand Path occult organizations.