Heaven

celestialParadiseheavenly kingdomheavensthe garden of Paradise5theternal lifeHeavenly Citysixth heavenabode of the blessed
Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.wikipedia
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Entering heaven alive

ascensionassumptionascended
According to the beliefs of some religions, heavenly beings can descend to earth or incarnate, and earthly beings can ascend to heaven in the afterlife, or in exceptional cases enter heaven alive.
Since death is the normal end to an individual's life on Earth and the beginning of afterlife, entering heaven without dying first is considered exceptional and usually a sign of a deity's special recognition of the individual's piety.

Hell

eternal punishmentinfernoinfernal
Heaven is often described as a "higher place", the holiest place, a Paradise, in contrast to hell or the Underworld or the "low places", and universally or conditionally accessible by earthly beings according to various standards of divinity, goodness, piety, faith, or other virtues or right beliefs or simply the will of God.
Other afterlife destinations include Heaven, Paradise, Purgatory, Limbo, and the underworld.

Deity

deitiesgodsgod
Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
Deities were envisioned as a form of existence (Saṃsāra) after rebirth, for human beings who gain merit through an ethical life, where they become guardian deities and live blissfully in heaven, but are also subject to death when their merit is lost.

Axis mundi

world pillarmoundNavel of the World
Another belief is in an axis mundi or world tree which connects the heavens, the terrestrial world, and the underworld.
The axis mundi (also cosmic axis, world axis, world pillar, center of the world, world tree), in certain beliefs and philosophies, is the world center, or the connection between Heaven and Earth.

Incarnation

incarnateavatarincarnations
According to the beliefs of some religions, heavenly beings can descend to earth or incarnate, and earthly beings can ascend to heaven in the afterlife, or in exceptional cases enter heaven alive.
In its religious context the word is used to mean the descent from Heaven of a god, deity, or divine being in human/animal form on Earth.

Universal reconciliation

universal salvationChristian universalistuniversalism
Heaven is often described as a "higher place", the holiest place, a Paradise, in contrast to hell or the Underworld or the "low places", and universally or conditionally accessible by earthly beings according to various standards of divinity, goodness, piety, faith, or other virtues or right beliefs or simply the will of God.
The doctrine has often been rejected by mainstream Christian religion, which holds to the doctrine of special salvation that only some members of humanity will eventually enter heaven, but it has received support from many prestigious Christian thinkers as well as many groups of Christians.

World tree

Cosmic TreeAustras koksgiant oak
Another belief is in an axis mundi or world tree which connects the heavens, the terrestrial world, and the underworld.
The world tree is represented as a colossal tree which supports the heavens, thereby connecting the heavens, the terrestrial world, and, through its roots, the underworld.

Paradise

paradisicalparadisalparadisiacal
Heaven is often described as a "higher place", the holiest place, a Paradise, in contrast to hell or the Underworld or the "low places", and universally or conditionally accessible by earthly beings according to various standards of divinity, goodness, piety, faith, or other virtues or right beliefs or simply the will of God. In the 2nd century AD, Irenaeus of Lyons recorded a belief that, in accordance with, those who in the afterlife see the Saviour are in different mansions, some dwelling in the heavens, others in paradise and others in "the city".
In Christian and Islamic understanding, Heaven is a paradisiacal relief.

Saint

saintssainthoodAll Saints
Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
According to the Catholic Church, a "saint" is anyone in Heaven, whether recognized on Earth or not, who form the "great cloud of witnesses" (Hebrews 12:1).

Afterlife

life after deathhereafterafter death
According to the beliefs of some religions, heavenly beings can descend to earth or incarnate, and earthly beings can ascend to heaven in the afterlife, or in exceptional cases enter heaven alive. In the 2nd century AD, Irenaeus of Lyons recorded a belief that, in accordance with, those who in the afterlife see the Saviour are in different mansions, some dwelling in the heavens, others in paradise and others in "the city".
Heaven, the heavens, seven heavens, pure lands, Tian, Jannah, Valhalla, or the Summerland, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, jinn, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.

Religious cosmology

Esoteric cosmologycosmologycosmological
Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
The universe of the ancient Israelites was made up of a flat disc-shaped earth floating on water, heaven above, underworld below.

Underworld

netherworldrealm of the deadNether World
Heaven is often described as a "higher place", the holiest place, a Paradise, in contrast to hell or the Underworld or the "low places", and universally or conditionally accessible by earthly beings according to various standards of divinity, goodness, piety, faith, or other virtues or right beliefs or simply the will of God. Another belief is in an axis mundi or world tree which connects the heavens, the terrestrial world, and the underworld.

Enoch (ancestor of Noah)

Enoch EnochBiblical Enoch
The only two possible exceptions to this are Enoch, who is described in as having been "taken" by God, and the prophet Elijah, who is described in as having ascended to heaven in a chariot of fire.

Angel

angelsAll Angelsangelic
Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.
Abrahamic religions often depict angels as benevolent celestial beings who act as intermediaries between God (or Heaven) and humanity.

Lord's Prayer

The Lord's PrayerPater NosterOur Father
This belief is referenced in the first petition of the Lord's Prayer, taught by Jesus to his disciples and recorded in both and : "Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven."
"In heaven" indicates that the Father who is addressed is distinct from human fathers on earth.

Third Heaven

ShehaqimMarumTercer Cielo
In Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the Third Heaven is a division of Heaven in religious cosmology.

World to come

age to comenew heaven and a new earthfuture external world
Some believe in the possibility of a heaven on Earth in a world to come.
The concept is related to but differs from the concepts of heaven, the afterlife, and the Kingdom of God in that heaven is another place or state generally seen as above the world, the afterlife is generally an individual's life after death, and the Kingdom of God could be in the present (such as realized eschatology) or the future.

Utu

ShamashŠamašŠams
The sun was her brother Utu, the god of justice, and the moon was their father Nanna.
He was believed to emerge from the doors of Heaven every day at dawn and ride across the sky in his chariot before returning to the "interior of heaven" through a set of doors in the far west every evening.

New Jerusalem

Heavenly JerusalemCity of GodCelestial city
In the 2nd century AD, Irenaeus of Lyons recorded a belief that, in accordance with, those who in the afterlife see the Saviour are in different mansions, some dwelling in the heavens, others in paradise and others in "the city".
First, they look for a Temple in Heaven, not the eschaton.

Mary, mother of Jesus

Virgin MaryMaryBlessed Virgin Mary
According to Roman Catholic teaching, Mary, mother of Jesus, is also said to have been assumed into heaven and is titled the Queen of Heaven.
Her death is not recorded in the scriptures, but Catholic and Orthodox tradition and doctrine have her assumed (taken bodily) into Heaven.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
According to Roman Catholic teaching, Mary, mother of Jesus, is also said to have been assumed into heaven and is titled the Queen of Heaven.
The church's official recognition of sanctity implies that the person is now in Heaven and that he may be publicly invoked and mentioned officially in the liturgy of the church, including in the Litany of the Saints.

Tian

HeavenTiān
In the native Chinese Confucian traditions, heaven (Tian) is an important concept, where the ancestors reside and from which emperors drew their mandate to rule in their dynastic propaganda, for example.
In Taoism and Confucianism, Tiān (the celestial aspect of the cosmos, often translated as "Heaven") is mentioned in relationship to its complementary aspect of Dì (地, often translated as "Earth").

Jannah

ParadiseheavenCennet
Still an afterlife destination of the righteous is conceived in Islam as Jannah (جنة "Garden [of Eden]" translated as "paradise").
sama' (usually pl. samawat) is the word for heaven in the sense of firmament or celestial sphere, as "seven heavens" (2:29, 78:12).

Kingship and kingdom of God

Kingdom of GodKingdom of HeavenGod's Kingdom
Sayings of Jesus recorded in the Gospels of Mark and Luke speak of the "Kingdom of God" (basileía tou theou), while the Gospel of Matthew more commonly uses the term "Kingdom of Heaven" (basileía tōn ouranōn).
Matthew is likely to have instead used the term heaven because the background of his Jewish audience imposed restrictions on the frequent use of the name of God.

Temple of Heaven

Altar of HeavenTiantanTemple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing
Worship of heaven in China continued with the erection of shrines, the last and greatest being the Temple of Heaven in Beijing, and the offering of prayers.
The complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest.