Ottoman Sipahi heavy cavalry, c. 1550
A 14th century depiction of the 13th century German knight Hartmann von Aue, from the Codex Manesse.
Scotland Forever! [crop] depicting the cavalry charge of the Royal Scots Greys at the Battle of Waterloo.
Early 16th-century French gendarmes, with complete plate armour and heavy lances
A Norman knight slaying Harold Godwinson (Bayeux tapestry, c. 1070). The rank of knight developed in the 12th century from the mounted warriors of the 10th and 11th centuries.
A soldier in World War I with his mule.
Spanish Heavy Cavalry - Royal Armoury of Madrid, Spain
The battle between the Turks and Christian knights during the Ottoman wars in Europe
Chariots and archers were weapons of war in Ancient Egypt.
Alexander the Great on horseback
David I of Scotland knighting a squire
Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Kofun period
The oldest known relief of a heavily armoured cavalryman, from the Sasanian Empire, at Taq-i Bostan, near Kermanshah, Iran (4th century)
The miles Christianus allegory (mid-13th century), showing a knight armed with virtues and facing the vices in mortal combat. The parts of his armour are identified with Christian virtues, thus correlating essential military equipment with the religious values of chivalry: 
The helmet is spes futuri gaudii (hope of future bliss), the shield (here the shield of the Trinity) is fides (faith), the armour is caritas (charity), the lance is perseverantia (perseverance), the sword is verbum Dei (the word of God), the banner is regni celestis desiderium (desire for the kingdom of heaven), the horse is bona voluntas (good will), the saddle is Christiana religio (Christian religion), the saddlecloth is humilitas (humility), the reins are discretio (discretion), the spurs are disciplina (discipline), the stirrups are propositum boni operis (proposition of good work), and the horse's four hooves are delectatio, consensus, bonum opus, consuetudo (delight, consent, good work, and exercise).
The "War Panel" of the Standard of Ur
Northern Wei heavy cavalry
Tournament from the Codex Manesse, depicting the mêlée
A Qin dynasty sculpture of a chariot with horses and rider from the Terracotta Army unearthed near the tomb of China's first emperor Qin Shihuangdi, Xi'an, China, 3rd century BC
A recreation of a medieval joust between heavily armoured knights at a modern Renaissance fair
Elements of a harness of the late style of Gothic plate armour that was a popular style in the mid 15th to early 16th century (depiction made in the 18th century)
Depiction of a Sasanian Persian Cataphract from Taq-e Bostan
Contemporary depiction in the Liber ad honorem Augusti, of Dipold of Acerra, an early 13th-century knight, when the knight was undisputed master of the battlefield
Page from King René's Tournament Book (BnF Ms Fr 2695)
Life-size model depicting c. 1850 horse artillery team with a light artillery piece
Mongol heavy cavalry in battle (13th–14th century)
The Battle of Pavia in 1525. Landsknecht mercenaries with arquebus.
A horserider of probable Xiongnu origin: the rider wears a hairbun characteristic of the oriental steppes, and his horse has characteristically Xiongnu horse trappings. 2nd–1st century BC. Excavated in Saksanokhur (near Farkhor), Tajikistan. National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan.
Christian the Younger of Brunswick in the armour of a cuirassier
Fortified house – a family seat of a knight (Schloss Hart by the Harter Graben near Kindberg, Austria)
Manuscript illustration of the Mahabharata War, depicting warriors fighting on horse chariots
A re-enactor dressed as a Winged Hussar, who served as the heavy cavalry of the Polish Commonwealth
The Battle of Grunwald between Poland-Lithuania and the Teutonic Knights in 1410
Yabusame archers, Edo period
French cuirassiers, 19th century
Pippo Spano, the member of the Order of the Dragon
Spanish and Moorish light cavalry (jinetes) skirmish at the 1431 Battle of La Higueruela
The English fighting the French knights at the Battle of Crécy in 1346
A re-imagination of Louis III and Carloman's 879 victory over the Vikings; Jean Fouquet, Grandes Chroniques de France
Miniature from Jean Froissart Chronicles depicting the Battle of Montiel (Castilian Civil War, in the Hundred Years' War)
Jousting is a sport that evolved out of heavy cavalry practice.
A modern artistic rendition of a chevalière of the Late Middle Ages.
Chasseurs of the Guard (light cavalry) to the left and cuirassier (Heavy cavalry) to the right, at the battle of Friedland.
A battle of the Reconquista from the Cantigas de Santa Maria
"Napoleon I with his Generals" by Ludwig Elsholtz. This painting shows light cavalry horses which come into use as officer's mounts in 18th- and 19th-century Europe.
Kanem-Bu warriors armed with spears. The Earth and Its Inhabitants, 1892.
Native Americans quickly adopted the horse and were highly effective light cavalry. Comanche-Osage fight. George Catlin, 1834
The Battle of Pavia in 1525. Landsknecht mercenaries with arquebus.
Confederate general Robert E. Lee and Traveller. Cavalry played a significant role in the American Civil War.
Australian Imperial Force light horsemen, 1914
Polish Cavalry during a Polish Army manoeuvre in late 1930s.
A memorial to the horses that served in the Second Boer War.
U.S. Special Operations Forces, members of Task Force Dagger, and Afghanistan Commander Abdul Rashid Dostum on horseback in the Dari-a-Souf Valley, Afghanistan, in October 2001.
US Air Force Special Operations Command Combat Controller Bart Decker rides a horse in Afghanistan in the early stages of Operation Enduring Freedom.
Mounted police in Poznań, Poland
Horse Cavalry Detachment of the U.S. Army's 1st Cavalry Division demonstrating a mock cavalry charge at Fort Bliss, Texas

Although their equipment differed greatly depending on the region and historical period, heavy cavalry were generally mounted on large powerful warhorses, wore body armor, and armed with either lances, swords, maces, flails (disputed), battle axes, or war hammers; their mounts may also have been protected by barding.

- Heavy cavalry

The lords trusted the knights, who were skilled in battle on horseback.

- Knight

Muslim warriors relied upon light cavalry in their campaigns throughout Northern Africa, Asia, and Europe beginning in the 7th and 8th centuries AD. Europeans used several types of war horses in the Middle Ages, and the best-known heavy cavalry warrior of the period was the armoured knight.

- Horses in warfare

The specific military sense of a knight as a mounted warrior in the heavy cavalry emerges only in the Hundred Years' War.

- Knight

Among other advantages, stirrups provided greater balance and support to the rider, which allowed the knight to use a sword more efficiently without falling, especially against infantry adversaries.

- Heavy cavalry
Ottoman Sipahi heavy cavalry, c. 1550

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