Hedge fund

hedge fundshedge fund managerhedge-fund hedge fund managerHedge fund managementhedgecurrency fundequity fundequity long:short hedge fundshedge fund firms
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.wikipedia
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Investment fund

collective investment schemeinvestment fundsinvestment vehicle
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.
An investment fund may be held by the public, such as a mutual fund, exchange-traded fund, special-purpose acquisition company or closed-end fund, or it may be sold only in a private placement, such as a hedge fund or private equity fund.

Institutional investor

institutional investorsinstitutionalInstitutional Investors Alpha
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Mutual fund

mutual fundsfundmutual
Hedge funds are generally distinct from mutual funds, as their use of leverage is not capped by regulators, and distinct from private equity funds, as the majority of hedge funds invest in relatively liquid assets.
Hedge funds are not mutual funds; hedge funds cannot be sold to the general public and are subject to different government regulations.

Alfred Winslow Jones

Alfred JonesA. W. JonesAlfred W. Jones
The sociologist Alfred W. Jones is credited with coining the phrase "hedged fund" and is credited with creating the first hedge fund structure in 1949.
Alfred Winslow Jones (9 September 1900 – 2 June 1989) was an Australian investor, hedge fund manager, and sociologist.

Financial crisis of 2007–2008

global financial crisis2008 financial crisisfinancial crisis of 2007–08
However, following the financial crisis of 2007–2008, regulations were passed in the United States and Europe with intentions to increase government oversight of hedge funds and eliminate certain regulatory gaps.
August 9, 2007: BNP Paribas, a French investment bank, blocked withdrawals from two of its hedge funds – a clear sign that banks were refusing to do business with each other.

Steven A. Cohen

Steven CohenSteve CohenSteve A. Cohen
Steven A. Cohen of Point72 Asset Management, formerly known as founder of S.A.C. Capital Advisors
Steven A. Cohen (born June 11, 1956) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

John Paulson

John A. PaulsonPaulson & Company
John Paulson of Paulson & Co. whose hedge funds as of December 2015 had $19 billion assets under management, compared to $18 billion in September 2013 and $36 billion in early 2011
John Alfred Paulson (born December 14, 1955) is an American investor, hedge fund manager and philanthropist.

George Soros

SorosSoros, Georgeconspiracy theories about George Soros
George Soros of Quantum Group of Funds
Soros began his business career by taking various jobs at merchant banks in England and then the United States, before starting his first hedge fund, Double Eagle, in 1969.

Leverage (finance)

leverageleveragedfinancial leverage
Hedge funds are generally distinct from mutual funds, as their use of leverage is not capped by regulators, and distinct from private equity funds, as the majority of hedge funds invest in relatively liquid assets.
hedge funds may leverage their assets by financing a portion of their portfolios with the cash proceeds from the short sale of other positions.

Paul Tudor Jones

Tudor Investment Corporation Paul Tudor Jones IITudor Group
Paul Tudor Jones II of Tudor Investment Corporation
Paul Tudor Jones II (born September 28, 1954) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Ray Dalio

Ray
Ray Dalio of Bridgewater Associates, the world's largest hedge fund firm with US$160 billion in assets under management as of 2017
Raymond Dalio (born August 8, 1949) is an American billionaire investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Quantum Group of Funds

Quantum Fund
George Soros of Quantum Group of Funds
The Quantum Group of Funds are privately owned hedge funds based in Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands) and Cayman Islands.

Paulson & Co.

Paulson & Co. Inc.Paulson & CompanyPaulson Europe, LLC
John Paulson of Paulson & Co. whose hedge funds as of December 2015 had $19 billion assets under management, compared to $18 billion in September 2013 and $36 billion in early 2011 In June 2011, the hedge fund management firms with the greatest AUM were Bridgewater Associates (US$58.9 billion), Man Group (US$39.2 billion), Paulson & Co. (US$35.1 billion), Brevan Howard (US$31 billion), and Och-Ziff (US$29.4 billion).
Headquartered in New York with offices in London and Hong Kong, the company operates as a partnership, managing eight hedge funds as of 2013.

Appaloosa Management

Appaloosa Management LP
David Tepper of Appaloosa Management,
Appaloosa Management is an American hedge fund founded in 1993 by David Tepper and Jack Walton specializing in distressed debt.

Long/short equity

long / short equitylong-shortlong-short equities funds
In the 1970s, hedge funds specialized in a single strategy with most fund managers following the long/short equity model.
Long/short equity is an investment strategy generally associated with hedge funds, and more recently certain progressive traditional asset managers.

Israel Englander

Millennium ManagementIsrael "Izzy" Englander
Israel Englander of Millennium Management
Israel Englander (born 1948) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Och-Ziff Capital Management

Och-ZiffOch ZiffOch-Ziff Capital Management Group
In June 2011, the hedge fund management firms with the greatest AUM were Bridgewater Associates (US$58.9 billion), Man Group (US$39.2 billion), Paulson & Co. (US$35.1 billion), Brevan Howard (US$31 billion), and Och-Ziff (US$29.4 billion). Daniel Och of Och-Ziff Capital Management Group with more than $40 billion in assets under management in 2013
Och-Ziff Capital Management Group (OZ Management) is an American hedge fund manager and global alternative asset management firm.

Point72 Asset Management

Point72Point72 Ventures
Steven A. Cohen of Point72 Asset Management, formerly known as founder of S.A.C. Capital Advisors
Point72 Asset Management, L.P., is an American hedge fund managing the assets of its founder, Steven A. Cohen, and eligible employees.

Leon G. Cooperman

Leon CoopermanOmega Advisors
Leon G. Cooperman of Omega Advisors
Leon G. "Lee" Cooperman (born April 25, 1943) is an American billionaire investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Michael Platt (financier)

Michael Platt
Michael Platt of BlueCrest Capital Management (UK) Europe's third-biggest hedge-fund firm
Michael Edward Platt (born 12 December 1968) is a British investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Daniel Och

Daniel Och of Och-Ziff Capital Management Group with more than $40 billion in assets under management in 2013
Daniel Och (born 1961) is an American billionaire investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Jamie Dinan

James Dinan of York Capital Management
James Gerard Dinan (born 1959) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, philanthropist.

Paul Singer (businessman)

Paul SingerNML CapitalNML Capital Ltd.
Paul Singer of Elliott Management Corporation, an activist hedge fund with more than US$23 billion in assets under management in 2013, and a portfolio worth $8.1 billion as of the first quarter of 2015
His hedge fund, Elliott Management Corporation (EMC)—specializes in distressed debt acquisitions.

Absolute return

absolute-returnabsolute level of returnUK Targeted Absolute Return Equity Fund Management
Many hedge fund investment strategies aim to achieve a positive return on investment regardless of whether markets are rising or falling ("absolute return").
The hedge fund business is defined by absolute returns.

Stephen Mandel (hedge fund manager)

Stephen MandelStephen Mandel Jr.Stephen Mandel, Jr.
Stephen Mandel Jr. of Lone Pine Capital with $26.7 billion under management at end June 2015
Stephen Frank Mandel, Jr (born March 12, 1956) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.