Hedge fund

hedge fundshedge fund managerhedge-fundhedgeHedge fund management hedge fund managercurrency fundequity fundequity long:short hedge fundshedge fund firms
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited investors or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complicated portfolio-construction and risk management techniques.wikipedia
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Portfolio (finance)

portfolioinvestment portfolioportfolios
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited investors or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complicated portfolio-construction and risk management techniques.
In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.

Financial crisis of 2007–08

financial crisis of 2007–2008global financial crisis2008 financial crisis
However, following the financial crisis of 2007–2008, regulations were passed in the United States and Europe with the intention of increasing government oversight of hedge funds and eliminating certain regulatory gaps.
Thus, policymakers did not immediately recognize the increasingly important role played by financial institutions such as investment banks and hedge funds, also known as the shadow banking system.

Investment fund

collective investment schemeinvestment fundsinvestment vehicle
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited investors or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complicated portfolio-construction and risk management techniques.
An investment fund may be held by the public, such as a mutual fund, exchange-traded fund, special-purpose acquisition company or closed-end fund, or it may be sold only in a private placement, such as a hedge fund or private equity fund.

Mutual fund

mutual fundsfundfunds
Hedge funds are generally distinct from mutual funds and regarded as alternative investments, as their use of leverage is not capped by regulators, and distinct from private equity funds, as the majority of hedge funds invest in relatively liquid assets.
Hedge funds are not mutual funds; hedge funds cannot be sold to the general public as they require huge investments.

Alfred Winslow Jones

Alfred JonesA. W. JonesAlfred W. Jones
The sociologist Alfred W. Jones is credited with coining the phrase "hedged fund" and is credited with creating the first hedge fund structure in 1949.
Alfred Winslow Jones (9 September 1900 – 2 June 1989) was an Australian investor, hedge fund manager, and sociologist.

Net asset value

Net Asset Value (NAV)NAVbook value
The value of an investor's holding is directly related to the fund net asset value.
It is also a key figure with regard to hedge funds and venture capital funds when calculating the value of the underlying investments in these funds by investors.

Steven A. Cohen

Steve CohenSteve A. CohenSteven Cohen
Steven A. Cohen (born June 11, 1956) is an American billionaire, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

John Paulson

John A. PaulsonPaulson & Company
John Alfred Paulson (born December 14, 1955) is an American investor and hedge fund manager.

George Soros

SorosSoros, Georgeconspiracy theories about George Soros
Soros began his business career by taking various jobs at merchant banks in the United Kingdom and then the United States, before starting his first hedge fund, Double Eagle, in 1969.

Paul Tudor Jones

Tudor Investment CorporationPaul Tudor Jones II Paul Tudor Jones II
Paul Tudor Jones II (born September 28, 1954) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Ray Dalio

DalioRayRaymond Dalio
Raymond Dalio (born August 8, 1949) is an American billionaire investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Quantum Group of Funds

Quantum FundQuantum GroupQuantum Group of Fund
The Quantum Group of Funds are privately owned hedge funds based in London, New York, Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands) and Cayman Islands.

Appaloosa Management

Appaloosa Management LP
Appaloosa Management is an American hedge fund founded in 1993 by David Tepper and Jack Walton specializing in distressed debt.

Paulson & Co.

Paulson & Co. Inc.Paulson & CoPaulson & Company
In June 2011, the hedge fund management firms with the greatest AUM were Bridgewater Associates (US$58.9 billion), Man Group (US$39.2 billion), Paulson & Co. (US$35.1 billion), Brevan Howard (US$31 billion), and Och-Ziff (US$29.4 billion).
Headquartered in New York with offices in London and Dublin, the company operates as a partnership, managing eight hedge funds as of 2013.

Leverage (finance)

leverageleveragedfinancial leverage
Hedge funds are generally distinct from mutual funds and regarded as alternative investments, as their use of leverage is not capped by regulators, and distinct from private equity funds, as the majority of hedge funds invest in relatively liquid assets.

Long/short equity

Long / short equitylong-shortlong/short
In the 1970s, hedge funds specialized in a single strategy with most fund managers following the long/short equity model.
Long/short equity is an investment strategy generally associated with hedge funds, and more recently certain progressive traditional asset managers.

Institutional investor

institutional investorsinstitutionalForeign Institutional Investors
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited investors or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complicated portfolio-construction and risk management techniques.
Institutional investors include banks, credit unions, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Israel Englander

Izzy EnglanderIsrael "Izzy" EnglanderIsrael A. Englander
Israel Englander (born 1948) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Alternative investment

alternative investmentsalternative assetalternatives
Hedge funds are generally distinct from mutual funds and regarded as alternative investments, as their use of leverage is not capped by regulators, and distinct from private equity funds, as the majority of hedge funds invest in relatively liquid assets.
The term is a relatively loose one and includes tangible assets such as precious metals, art, wine, antiques, coins, or stamps and some financial assets such as real estate, commodities, private equity, distressed securities, hedge funds, exchange funds, carbon credits, venture capital, film production, financial derivatives, and cryptocurrencies.

Leon Cooperman

Leon G. CoopermanLeeOmega Advisors
Leon G. "Lee" Cooperman (born April 25, 1943) is an American billionaire investor and hedge fund manager.

Point72 Asset Management

Point72 VenturesPoint72
Point72 Asset Management, L.P., is an American hedge fund.

Michael Platt (financier)

Michael Platt
Michael Edward Platt (born 12 December 1968) is a British billionaire hedge fund manager.

Daniel Och

Daniel Och (born 1961) is an American billionaire investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.

Jamie Dinan

James Dinan
James Gerard Dinan (born 1959) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, philanthropist.

Paul Singer (businessman)

Paul SingerNML Capital LimitedPaul E. Singer
His hedge fund, Elliott Management Corporation (EMC), specializes in distressed debt acquisitions.