Heide Göttner-Abendroth

Matriarchal StudiesModern Matriarchal StudiesHeide Goettner-Abendroth
Heide Göttner-Abendroth (born February 8, 1941 in Langewiesen, Germany) is a German feminist advocating Matriarchy Studies (also Modern Matriarchal Studies), focusing on the study of matriarchal or matrilineal societies.wikipedia
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Matriarchy

matriarchmatriarchalmatriarchal society
Heide Göttner-Abendroth (born February 8, 1941 in Langewiesen, Germany) is a German feminist advocating Matriarchy Studies (also Modern Matriarchal Studies), focusing on the study of matriarchal or matrilineal societies.
According to Heide Göttner-Abendroth, a reluctance to accept the existence of matriarchies might be based on a specific culturally biased notion of how to define matriarchy: because in a patriarchy men rule over women, a matriarchy has frequently been conceptualized as women ruling over men, while she believed that matriarchies are egalitarian.

When God Was a Woman

Modern Matriarchal Studies stands in the tradition of 1970s second wave feminism, pioneered by Merlin Stone's When God Was a Woman.

Langewiesen

Heide Göttner-Abendroth (born February 8, 1941 in Langewiesen, Germany) is a German feminist advocating Matriarchy Studies (also Modern Matriarchal Studies), focusing on the study of matriarchal or matrilineal societies.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
Heide Göttner-Abendroth (born February 8, 1941 in Langewiesen, Germany) is a German feminist advocating Matriarchy Studies (also Modern Matriarchal Studies), focusing on the study of matriarchal or matrilineal societies.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Göttner-Abendroth was born during World War II, and at the age of 12 moved with her parents from East Germany to West Germany.

East Germany

East GermanGerman Democratic RepublicGDR
Göttner-Abendroth was born during World War II, and at the age of 12 moved with her parents from East Germany to West Germany.

West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermany
Göttner-Abendroth was born during World War II, and at the age of 12 moved with her parents from East Germany to West Germany.

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

University of MunichMunichMunich University
She has a PhD in philosophy from the University of Munich (1973).

Women's studies

Women’s Studiesfeminist studieswomen
She became active in second-wave feminism from 1976 and came to be considered one of the pioneers of women's studies in West Germany.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
Göttner-Abendroth worked as a Reader in philosophy at Munich University in the 1970s, but she quit and became an independent scholar, founding the International Academy for Modern Matriarchal Studies and Matriarchal Spirituality (HAGIA) in 1986.

Spirituality

spiritualspirituallyspiritual life
Göttner-Abendroth worked as a Reader in philosophy at Munich University in the 1970s, but she quit and became an independent scholar, founding the International Academy for Modern Matriarchal Studies and Matriarchal Spirituality (HAGIA) in 1986.

University of Bremen

Bremen UniversityUniversität BremenBremen
She received a scholarship from the University of Bremen in 1992.

Second-wave feminism

second wave feminismsecond-wave feministsecond wave
Modern Matriarchal Studies stands in the tradition of 1970s second wave feminism, pioneered by Merlin Stone's When God Was a Woman. She became active in second-wave feminism from 1976 and came to be considered one of the pioneers of women's studies in West Germany.

Merlin Stone

Stone, Merlin
Modern Matriarchal Studies stands in the tradition of 1970s second wave feminism, pioneered by Merlin Stone's When God Was a Woman.

Cultural universal

Cultural universalshuman universaluniversal
Mainstream anthropology considers "male dominance in the public or political realm" a human cultural universal and has abandoned the 19th century notion of "primitive" matriarchies in favour of discussion of matrilineality and matrilocality, forms of societies that are actually on record.

Matrilineality

matrilinealmatrilinematrilineally
Heide Göttner-Abendroth (born February 8, 1941 in Langewiesen, Germany) is a German feminist advocating Matriarchy Studies (also Modern Matriarchal Studies), focusing on the study of matriarchal or matrilineal societies. Mainstream anthropology considers "male dominance in the public or political realm" a human cultural universal and has abandoned the 19th century notion of "primitive" matriarchies in favour of discussion of matrilineality and matrilocality, forms of societies that are actually on record.

Matrilocal residence

matrilocalmatrilocalityuxorilocal
Mainstream anthropology considers "male dominance in the public or political realm" a human cultural universal and has abandoned the 19th century notion of "primitive" matriarchies in favour of discussion of matrilineality and matrilocality, forms of societies that are actually on record.

Anarchy

anarchicanarchistanarchists
However, Greek ἀρχή has the double meaning of 'beginning, origin' and 'rule, dominion', and the -archy suffix originates with -ἀρχία, which has the meaning of 'leadership, rule' exclusively, as in ἀν-αρχία 'lack of a leader, lawlessness, anarchy'.

Johann Jakob Bachofen

J. J. BachofenBachofenDas Mutterrecht
Bachofen became an important precursor of 20th-century theories of matriarchy, such as the Old European culture postulated by Marija Gimbutas from the 1950s, and the field of feminist theology and "matriarchal studies" in 1970s feminism.