Heilongjiang

Heilongjiang ProvinceHeilungkiangHeilongjangCommunist Party SecretaryGovernor of HeilongjiangHeilonjiang ProvinceLongjiang ProvinceVice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Heilongjiang Provincial People's CongressA Cheng Town, Heilongjiang Province.Director of the Propaganda Department
Heilongjiang (formerly romanized as Heilungkiang) is a province in Northeast China.wikipedia
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Northeast China

NortheastNortheastern Chinanortheastern
Heilongjiang (formerly romanized as Heilungkiang) is a province in Northeast China.
It usually corresponds specifically to the three provinces of Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang but is sometimes also meant to encompass the northeastern portion of Inner Mongolia.

Harbin

Harbin, ChinaHarbin, HeilongjiangHarbin City
The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin.
Harbin (Manchu: ; ) is the capital of Heilongjiang province, the second-largest city by urban population and largest city by metropolitan population (urban and rural together) in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China.

Jewish Autonomous Oblast

Jewish Autonomous RegionJewish AOautonomous oblast
It also shares a border with Russia (Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai and Zabaykalsky Krai) to the north and east.
The Jewish Autonomous Oblast (JAO; Евре́йская автоно́мная о́бласть, Yevreyskaya avtonomnaya oblast; ייִדישע אװטאָנאָמע געגנט, yidishe avtonome Gegnt) is a federal subject of Russia in the Russian Far East, bordering Khabarovsk Krai and Amur Oblast in Russia and Heilongjiang province in China.

Jilin

Jilin ProvinceKirinKirin Province
The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. Heilongjiang as an administrative entity was created in 1683, during the Kangxi era of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, from the northwestern part of the Jilin province.
Jilin borders North Korea (Rasŏn, North Hamgyong, Ryanggang and Chagang) and Russia (Primorsky Krai) to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west.

Primorsky Krai

PrimoryeMaritime ProvincePrimorsky
It also shares a border with Russia (Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai and Zabaykalsky Krai) to the north and east.
Primorsky Krai, bordered by China (Jilin and Heilongjiang), North Korea (Rason), and the relatively warm—although freezing in winter—waters of the Sea of Japan, is the southeasternmost region of Russia, located between the 42° and 48° north latitude and 130° and 139° east longitude.

Amur Oblast

AmurAmur regionAmur Krai
It also shares a border with Russia (Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai and Zabaykalsky Krai) to the north and east.
Amur Oblast is located in the southeast of Russia, between Stanovoy Range in the north and the Amur River in the south, and borders with the Sakha Republic in the north, Khabarovsk Krai and the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in the east, the Heilongjiang of China in the south, and with Zabaykalsky Krai in the west.

Sushen

Yilouan earlier peopleSuksin (ethnic group)
Ancient Chinese records and other sources state that Heilongjiang was inhabited by people such as the Sushen, Buyeo, the Mohe, Balhae, and the Khitan.
Sushen is the modern Chinese name for an ancient ethnic group of people who lived in the northeastern part of China (in the area of modern Jilin and Heilongjiang) and what is in modern times the Russian Maritime Province and some other Siberian provinces.

Qiqihar

TsitsiharQiqihar, HeilongjiangQiqihar City
However, already in 1690 the seat of the governor was transferred to Nenjiang (Mergen) on the Nen River, and, in 1699, further south to Qiqihar.
Qiqihar is the second largest city in the Heilongjiang province of China, located in the west central part of the province.

Heihe

SakhalianHei HeHeihe Area
The original seat of the Military Governor of Heilongjiang, as established in 1683, was in Heilongjiang City (also known as Aigun or Heihe, or, in Manchu, Saghalien Ula), located on the Amur River.
Heihe ("Black River") is a prefecture-level city of northern Heilongjiang province, China, located on the Russian border, on the south bank of the Heilong Jiang, across the river from Blagoveshchensk.

Donghu people

DonghuHuEastern Barbarians
Mongolic Donghu people lived in Inner Mongolia and the western part of Heilongjiang.
They lived in northern Hebei, southeastern Inner Mongolia and the western part of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang along the Yan Mountains and Greater Khingan Range.

Khabarovsk Krai

KhabarovskKhabarovsky KraiKhabarovsk Region
It also shares a border with Russia (Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai and Zabaykalsky Krai) to the north and east.
Khabarovsk Krai shares its borders with Magadan Oblast in the north, with the Sakha Republic and Amur Oblast in the west, with the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, China (Heilongjiang), and Primorsky Krai in the south, and is limited by the Sea of Okhotsk in the east.

List of Chinese administrative divisions by area

28th10th largest10th largest province in China
Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

Balhae

Balhae KingdomBalhae EmpireBohai
Ancient Chinese records and other sources state that Heilongjiang was inhabited by people such as the Sushen, Buyeo, the Mohe, Balhae, and the Khitan.
It was moved to the Northern Capital in Ning'an, Heilongjiang in 755, to the Eastern Capital in Hunchun, Jilin in 785, and back to the Northern Capital in 794.

Jin dynasty (1115–1234)

Jin dynastyJinJin/Jurchen dynasty
The Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) that subsequently ruled much of north China arose within the borders of modern Heilongjiang.
The Jin dynasty was created in modern Jilin and Heilongjiang by the Jurchen tribal chieftain Aguda in 1115.

Qing dynasty

QingQing EmpireChina
Heilongjiang as an administrative entity was created in 1683, during the Kangxi era of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, from the northwestern part of the Jilin province.
The Qing dynasty was founded not by Han Chinese, who constitute the majority of the Chinese population, but by a sedentary farming people known as the Jurchen, a Tungusic people who lived around the region now comprising the Chinese provinces of Jilin and Heilongjiang.

Manchuria

ManchurianThree Eastern ProvincesNortheast
These areas deep in Manchuria were closed off to Han Chinese migration.
Manchuria is now most often associated with the three Chinese provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning.

Nen River

NenNonni RiverNenjiang River
However, already in 1690 the seat of the governor was transferred to Nenjiang (Mergen) on the Nen River, and, in 1699, further south to Qiqihar.
The Nen River flows through the northern part of Heilongjiang Province and the northeastern section of Inner Mongolia, some parts of the river forming the border between the two regions.

Mongolian language

MongolianMongolKhalkha-Mongolian
The Manchu name of the region is Sahaliyan ula (literally, "Black River"), from which the name of Sakhalin is derived, and the Mongolian name with the same meaning is Qaramörin.
Besides Mongolian, or "Central Mongolic", other languages in the Mongolic grouping include Dagur, spoken in eastern Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, and in the vicinity of Tacheng in Xinjiang; the Shirongolic subgroup Shira Yugur, Bonan, Dongxiang, Monguor, and Kangjia, spoken in Qinghai and Gansu regions; and the possibly extinct Moghol of Afghanistan.

Sakhalin

Sakhalin IslandIsland of SakhalinKarafuto
The Manchu name of the region is Sahaliyan ula (literally, "Black River"), from which the name of Sakhalin is derived, and the Mongolian name with the same meaning is Qaramörin.
Following the Opium War, Russia forced China to sign the Treaty of Aigun (1858) and the Convention of Peking (1860), under which China lost to Russia all claims to territories north of Heilongjiang (Amur) and east of Ussuri, including Sakhalin.

Amur River

AmurAmur BasinHeilongjiang River
The province takes its name from the Heilong River (Chinese name of the Amur), which marks the border between the People's Republic of China and Russia.
The Chinese province of Heilongjiang on the south bank of the river takes its name from the river, as does the Russian Amur Oblast on the north bank.

Chinese postal romanization

postalalternatelypostal romanization
Heilongjiang (formerly romanized as Heilungkiang) is a province in Northeast China.

List of Chinese administrative divisions by population

List of China administrative divisions by populationmost populous province10th
Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

Manchukuo

ManchuriaEmperor of ManchukuoPrime Minister of Manchukuo
In 1932, the Japanese completed their conquest of the province, which became part of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.
The Manchu emperors separated their homeland in Jilin and Heilongjiang from the Han Liaoning province with the Willow Palisade.

Nenjiang City

NenjiangNenjiang CountyNenjiang Prefecture
However, already in 1690 the seat of the governor was transferred to Nenjiang (Mergen) on the Nen River, and, in 1699, further south to Qiqihar.
Nenjiang City, formerly Nenjiang County, is a county-level city under the administration of Heihe prefecture-level city in northwestern Heilongjiang province, China.

Hulunbuir

Hulun BuirHulunHulunbei'er
During the Cultural Revolution, Heilongjiang was also expanded to include Hulunbuir League and some other areas previously in Inner Mongolia; this has since mostly been reversed.
Hulun Buir borders Russia to the north and west, Mongolia to the south and west, Heilongjiang province to the east and Hinggan League to the direct south.