Heinrich Himmler

HimmlerAlfred HimmlerH HimmlerHeinrich Luitpold HimmlerHIMMLER, HeinrichHimmlerinHimmlerstadtR. HimmlerReichsführer-SS Himmler
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.wikipedia
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Schutzstaffel

SSßNazi SS
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
In 1925, Heinrich Himmler joined the unit, which had by then been reformed and given its final name.

Reichsführer-SS

ReichsführerReichsführer''-SSSS Reichsführer
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
The longest serving and most noteworthy Reichsführer-SS was Heinrich Himmler.

Gestapo

authoritiesthe authoritiesGeheime Staatspolizei
From 1943 onwards, he was both Chief of German Police and Minister of the Interior, overseeing all internal and external police and security forces, including the Gestapo (Secret State Police).
Beginning on 20 April 1934, it passed to the administration of Schutzstaffel (SS) national leader Heinrich Himmler, who in 1936 was appointed Chief of German Police (Chef der Deutschen Polizei) by Hitler.

Nazi concentration camps

concentration campconcentration campsNazi concentration camp
Over the next 16 years, he developed the SS from a mere 290-man battalion into a million-strong paramilitary group, and, following Hitler's orders, set up and controlled the Nazi concentration camps. In March 1933, less than three months after the Nazis came to power, Himmler set up the first official concentration camp at Dachau.
Heinrich Himmler's Schutzstaffel (SS) took full control of the police and the concentration camps throughout Germany in 1934–35.

Einsatzgruppen

EinsatzgruppeEinsatzgruppe DEinsatzgruppe B
On Hitler's behalf, Himmler formed the Einsatzgruppen and built extermination camps.
Under the direction of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler and the supervision of SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, the Einsatzgruppen operated in territories occupied by the Wehrmacht (German armed forces) following the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.

Gebhard Ludwig Himmler

GebhardGebhard HimmlerGebhard Ludwig
Heinrich had two brothers, Gebhard Ludwig (29 July 1898 – 1982) and Ernst Hermann (23 December 1905 – 2 May 1945).
Gebhard Ludwig Himmler (29 July 1898 – 22 June 1982) was a German Nazi functionary, mechanical engineer and older brother of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.

Army Group Oberrhein (Germany)

Army Group OberrheinArmy Group Upper RhineArmy Group Upper Rhine ''(Heeresgruppe Oberrhein)
Late in World War II, Hitler briefly appointed him a military commander and later Commander of the Replacement (Home) Army and General Plenipotentiary for the administration of the entire Third Reich (Generalbevollmächtigter für die Verwaltung). Specifically, he was given command of the Army Group Upper Rhine and the Army Group Vistula; he failed to achieve his assigned objectives and Hitler replaced him in these posts.
The sole commander of this headquarters unit was Heinrich Himmler.

Nazi Party

NazisNaziNSDAP
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
Others to join the party around this time were Heinrich Himmler and World War I flying ace Hermann Göring.

Reinhard Heydrich

HeydrichR. HeydrichReinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich
He was known for good organisational skills and for selecting highly competent subordinates, such as Reinhard Heydrich in 1931. In 1931 he appointed Reinhard Heydrich chief of the new Ic Service (intelligence service), which was renamed the Sicherheitsdienst (SD: Security Service) in 1932.
In 1931, Heinrich Himmler began setting up a counterintelligence division of the SS. Acting on the advice of his associate Karl von Eberstein, who was von Osten's friend, Himmler agreed to interview Heydrich, but cancelled their appointment at the last minute.

Army Group Vistula

Army Group ''VistulaArmy Group WeichselHeeresgruppe Vistula
Late in World War II, Hitler briefly appointed him a military commander and later Commander of the Replacement (Home) Army and General Plenipotentiary for the administration of the entire Third Reich (Generalbevollmächtigter für die Verwaltung). Specifically, he was given command of the Army Group Upper Rhine and the Army Group Vistula; he failed to achieve his assigned objectives and Hitler replaced him in these posts.
However, in a reflection of Hitler's desire to transfer control of the conflict from the Wehrmacht to the SS, Heinrich Himmler was appointed.

Hermann Göring

GöringGoeringHermann Goering
The new cabinet initially included only three members of the NSDAP: Hitler, Hermann Göring as minister without portfolio and Minister of the Interior for Prussia, and Wilhelm Frick as Reich Interior Minister.
One of his first acts as a cabinet minister was to oversee the creation of the Gestapo, which he ceded to Heinrich Himmler in 1934.

Extermination camp

death campsdeath campextermination camps
On Hitler's behalf, Himmler formed the Einsatzgruppen and built extermination camps.
On 13 October 1941, the SS and Police Leader Odilo Globocnik stationing in Lublin received an oral order from Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler – anticipating the fall of Moscow – to start immediate construction work on the killing centre at Bełżec in the General Government territory of occupied Poland.

Obergruppenführer

SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SSSS-ObergruppenführerSS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS
That same year, Hitler promoted Himmler to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer, equal in rank to the senior SA commanders.
Until April 1942, it was the highest commissioned SS rank, inferior only to then Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler or RFSS, which was the internal SS-abbreviation for Himmler) Translated as "senior group leader", the rank of Obergruppenführer was senior to Gruppenführer.

Dachau concentration camp

DachauKZ Dachauliberated Dachau
In March 1933, less than three months after the Nazis came to power, Himmler set up the first official concentration camp at Dachau.
Opened by Heinrich Himmler, its purpose was enlarged to include forced labor, and eventually, the imprisonment of Jews, German and Austrian criminals, and eventually foreign nationals from countries that Germany occupied or invaded.

Prince Heinrich of Bavaria

HeinrichHeinrich Luitpold
Himmler's first name, Heinrich, was that of his godfather, Prince Heinrich of Bavaria, a member of the royal family of Bavaria, who had been tutored by Gebhard Himmler.
Heinrich was brought up in Munich, where one of his tutors was Joseph Gebhard Himmler, the father of Heinrich Himmler.

Night of the Long Knives

Röhm PutschRöhm purgeRöhm-Putsch
Between 85 and 200 members of the SA leadership and other political adversaries, including Gregor Strasser, were killed between 30 June and 2 July 1934 in these actions, known as the Night of the Long Knives.
The Night of the Long Knives (German: ), or the Röhm Purge, also called Operation Hummingbird (German: Unternehmen Kolibri) was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany from June 30 to July 2, 1934, when Adolf Hitler, urged on by Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, carried out a series of political extrajudicial executions intended to consolidate his hold on power in Germany, as well as to alleviate the concerns of the German military about the role of Ernst Röhm and the Sturmabteilung (SA), the Nazis' own mass paramilitary organization.

Ernst Hermann Himmler

Ernst HermannErnst Himmler
Heinrich had two brothers, Gebhard Ludwig (29 July 1898 – 1982) and Ernst Hermann (23 December 1905 – 2 May 1945).
Ernst Hermann Himmler (23 December 1905 in Munich – 2 May 1945) was a German Nazi functionary, engineer and younger brother of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.

SS Race and Settlement Main Office

Race and Settlement Central AgencyRace and Settlement Head OfficeRace and Settlement Office
Himmler further established the SS Race and Settlement Main Office (Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt or RuSHA).
After Heinrich Himmler introduced the "marriage order" on December 31, 1931, the RuSHA would only issue a permit to marry once detailed background investigations into the racial fitness of both prospective parents had been completed and proved both of them to be of Aryan descent back to 1800.

Waffen-SS

SSWaffen SSSS division
Under Himmler's leadership, the SS developed its own military branch, the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT), which later evolved into the Waffen-SS.
Originally, it was under the control of the SS Führungshauptamt (SS operational command office) beneath Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.

Sicherheitsdienst

SDSecurity ServiceSicherheitsdienst (SD)
In 1931 he appointed Reinhard Heydrich chief of the new Ic Service (intelligence service), which was renamed the Sicherheitsdienst (SD: Security Service) in 1932.
The SD, one of the oldest security organizations of the SS, first formed in 1931 as the Ic-Dienst (Intelligence Service) operating out of a single apartment and reporting directly to Heinrich Himmler.

Auschwitz concentration camp

AuschwitzAuschwitz-BirkenauBirkenau
There he met Rudolf Höss, who was later commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp, and Walther Darré, whose book, The Peasantry as the Life Source of the Nordic Race, caught Hitler's attention, leading to his later appointment as Reich Minister of Food and Agriculture.
Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the Schutzstaffel (SS), approved the site in April 1940, intending to use it to house political prisoners.

Gregor Strasser

GregorGregor StraßerSTRASSER, Gregor
From mid-1924 he worked under Gregor Strasser as a party secretary and propaganda assistant.
He established and commanded the Sturmbataillon Niederbayern ("Storm Battalion Lower Bavaria"), with the young Heinrich Himmler employed as his adjutant.

Neopaganism in German-speaking Europe

German NeopaganGerman-speaking EuropeGermanic neopagan
Himmler had a lifelong interest in occultism, interpreting Germanic neopagan and Völkisch beliefs to promote the racial policy of Nazi Germany, and incorporating esoteric symbolism and rituals into the SS.
Nevertheless, some elements of Germanic mysticism found reflection in the symbolism employed by the Nazis, mostly due to Heinrich Himmler's interest in the occult and sponsorship of the Austrian Ariosophist Karl Wiligut.

Bavarian Political Police

political police
Himmler appointed Heydrich commander of Department IV, the political police.
The combination of political police and concentration camps under the control of the SS in Bavaria became the model for all of Nazi Germany, with Heinrich Himmler, within a short time, controlling all police forces in the country.

Ordnungspolizei

OrpoOrder PoliceGerman police
He also gained authority over all of Germany's uniformed law enforcement agencies, which were amalgamated into the new Ordnungspolizei (Orpo: "order police"), which became a branch of the SS under Daluege.
In the prewar period, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler and Kurt Daluege, chief of the Order Police, cooperated in transforming the police force of the Weimar Republic into militarised formations ready to serve the regime's aims of conquest and racial annihilation.