Heldenplatz

Heldenplatz in front of the Hofburg Palace
Blueprint of the planned Kaiserforum by Gottfried Semper
Hitler announcing the Anschluss on the Heldenplatz, March 1938

Public space in front of the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria.

- Heldenplatz

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Vienna Ring Road

Circular grand boulevard that serves as a ring road around the historic Innere Stadt (Inner Town) district of Vienna, Austria.

The Schubertring section of the Ringstrasse in Vienna
City plan of Vienna (or Wien in German) in 1858, showing the context before construction of the ring boulevard and location of former city walls and glacis surrounding the inner city
The Schottenring section of the Ringstraße in 1875
The Ringstraße with parliament on the left and Volksgarten park to the right
Burgring with the Museum of Natural History to the left
Opernring with the opera house, in 1905
Parkring with the city park to the right
Stubenring with the large former Ministry of War building in the back right
In many parts of the city with many historic buildings the old street signs are still in use.

Together with the Heldenplatz and the Maria-Theresien-Platz this plan would have constituted the Imperial Forum/Kaiserforum.

Hofburg

Former principal imperial palace of the Habsburg dynasty.

Hofburg Neue Burg section, seen from Heldenplatz. The statue of Archduke Charles is also pictured.
Reconstructive drawing of the appearance of the castle until the 16th century
The Swiss Gate (Schweizertor), original main gate
Austrian Crown Jewels kept in the treasury in the Swiss Wing of the Hofburg
Leopoldine Wing
Imperial Chancellery Wing (Reichskanzleitrakt)
Statue of Emperor Joseph II on Joseph Square, left the Court Library, right the Redoute Wing
Wedding Supper at Redoutensaal by Martin van Meytens- the wedding of Princess Isabella of Parma and Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
St. Michael's Wing facing the square
Festsaal (Festival Hall Wing)
The Hall of Festivities during a concert of the Vienna Hofburg Orchestra
Imperial Court Chapel
Amalienburg
Rose Room in the Leopoldine Wing
Main hall of the Court Library
Statue of Hercules slaying the Lernaean Hydra, exterior façade statuary on St. Michael's Wing
Main staircase of the Neue Burg wing
Prince Eugene of Savoy monument directly in front of the Hofburg

The palace faces the Heldenplatz (Heroes Square) ordered under the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I, as part of what was planned to become the Kaiserforum but which was never completed.

Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen

Austrian field-marshal, the third son of Emperor Leopold II and his wife, Maria Luisa of Spain.

Portrait by Anton Einsle
Archduke Charles with family.
Archduke Charles at the Battle of Ostrach
Statue of Archduke Charles on the Heldenplatz in Vienna

An equestrian statue was erected to his memory on the Heldenplatz in Vienna in 1860.

Vienna

National capital, largest city, and one of nine states of Austria.

Depiction of Vienna in the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493
Vienna in 1683
Vienna from Belvedere by Bernardo Bellotto, 1758
Vienna's Ringstraße and the State Opera in around 1870
Color lithograph of Vienna, 1900
Crowds greet Adolf Hitler as he rides in an open car through Vienna in March 1938
Occupation zones in Vienna, 1945–55
Vienna in 1966
Karlskirche, located on the south side of Karlsplatz in the 4th city district
Satellite image of Vienna (2018)
Map of the districts of Vienna with numbers
Albertina Terrace in the Innere Stadt
The Ring Road (Ringstraße) with a historical tram
The Debating Chamber of the former House of Deputies of Austria in the parliament
Interior of Vienna's historical Rathaus, the seat of city mayor
Messe Wien Congress Center
Austria Center Vienna (ACV)
“HoHo Wien” in January 2020
Monument of Johann Strauss II at Stadtpark, Vienna
State Opera (Staatsoper)
Hofburg Palace
Musikverein Vienna
Statue of Mozart during spring in Vienna
Courtyard of the Museumsquartier with Enzi seating furniture
Leopold Museum
Liechtenstein Museum
Hotel Sacher
View of the city from Stephansdom
Statue of Friedrich Schiller in front of the Academy of Fine Arts
The Vienna University of Economics and Business
The University of Vienna's main building
TU Wien
The Schönbrunn gardens in autumn
Ernst-Happel-Stadion in the Prater
Sachertorte
Wiener Schnitzel
A typical Heurigen-Restaurant in Grinzing
Demel Café
Stephansplatz metro station
Vienna Airport terminal 3 arrivals lounge
UN complex in Vienna, with the Austria Center Vienna in front, taken from the Danube Tower in the nearby Donaupark before the extensive building work
Many international organizations and offices are located in Donaustadt.
Albertina
Austrian Parliament Building
Belvedere Palace
Burgtheater
Graben
Hundertwasserhaus
Karlskirche at dusk
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Naturhistorisches Museum
Palais Augarten
Rathaus
Schönbrunn Zoo
Spanish Riding School
Stephansplatz
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Prince Eugene Monument
View of Hofburg
Vienna Secession building
Vienna State Opera
Wiener Riesenrad

In 1938, after a triumphant entry into Austria, the Austrian-born German Chancellor Adolf Hitler spoke to the Austrian Germans from the balcony of the Neue Burg, a part of the Hofburg at the Heldenplatz.

Anschluss

The annexation of the Federal State of Austria into the German Reich on 13 March 1938.

Austrian citizens gather in the Heldenplatz to hear Hitler's declaration of annexation.
The territory of the German Reich and Austria after World War I
The German Confederation 1815-1866
The dissolution of Austria-Hungary in 1918
German military map during the Second World War, with no border between Germany and Austria (top right; also showing Alsace as part of Germany because it was directly incorporated into the Reich)
Soldiers of the Austrian Federal Army in Vienna, 12 February 1934.
Supporters of Schuschnigg campaigning for the independence of Austria in March 1938, shortly before the Anschluss.
Seyss-Inquart and Hitler with Himmler and Heydrich to the right in Vienna, March 1938
Cheering crowds greet the Nazis in Vienna.
Hitler crosses the border into Austria in March 1938.
Hitler announces the Anschluss on the Heldenplatz, Vienna, 15 March 1938.
Immediately after the Anschluss, Vienna’s Jews were forced to wash pro-independence slogans from the city’s pavements.
Voting ballot from 10 April 1938. The ballot text reads "Do you agree with the reunification of Austria with the German Reich that was enacted on 13 March 1938, and do you vote for the party of our leader Adolf Hitler?" The large circle is labelled "Yes", the smaller "No".
Gate to the garage yard in the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp
"Stairs of Death" at Mauthausen-Gusen with prisoners forced to carry a granite block up 186 steps to the top of the quarry.
A map showing the border changes of Germany in the various years 1933 (red), 1939 (pink) and 1943 (orange).
"Red-White-Red Book" published by the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1946 describes the events of Austria between 1938-1945 by the Founders of the Second Austrian Republic.
The SS raid a Jewish community center, Vienna, March 1938.

Hitler's journey through Austria became a triumphal tour that climaxed in Vienna on 15 March 1938, when around 200,000 cheering German Austrians gathered around the Heldenplatz (Square of Heroes) to hear Hitler say that "The oldest eastern province of the German people shall be, from this point on, the newest bastion of the German Reich" followed by his "greatest accomplishment" (completing the annexing of Austria to form a Greater German Reich) by saying "As leader and chancellor of the German nation and Reich I announce to German history now the entry of my homeland into the German Reich."

Austria

Landlocked country in the southern part of Central Europe, situated at Eastern Alps.

Venus of Willendorf, 28,000 to 25,000 BC, at the Museum of Natural History Vienna
The Battle of Vienna in 1683 broke the advance of the Ottoman Empire into Europe.
The Congress of Vienna met in 1814–15. The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
Map of the German Confederation (1815–1836) with its 39 member states
An ethno-linguistic map of Austria-Hungary, 1910
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, whose assassination sparked World War I, one of the most disastrous conflicts in human history
German-speaking provinces claimed by German-Austria in 1918: The border of the subsequent Second Republic of Austria is outlined in red.
Adolf Hitler speaking at Heldenplatz, Vienna, 1938
Austria in 1941 when it was known as the "Ostmark"
The liberation of Mauthausen concentration camp, 1945
The United Nations Office in Vienna is one of the four major UN office sites worldwide.
Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
The Austrian Parliament Building in Vienna
The Leopoldine Wing of Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna, home to the offices of the Austrian president
The Federal Chancellery on Ballhausplatz
The European Parliament: Austria is one of the 27 EU members.
A topographic map of Austria showing cities with over 100,000 inhabitants
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map for Austria
A proportional representation of Austria exports, 2019
Austria is part of a monetary union, the eurozone (dark blue), and of the EU single market.
The Kölnbrein Dam in Carinthia
Children in Austria, near Au, Vorarlberg
Bilingual sign of Oberwart (in Hungarian Felsőőr) in Burgenland
The birthplaces of foreign-born naturalised residents of Austria
The Basilica of Mariazell is Austria's most popular pilgrimage site.
Stiftsgymnasium Melk is the oldest Austrian school.
The University of Vienna
The campus of the Vienna University of Economics and Business
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)
The Vienna State Opera
Arnold Schwarzenegger is a well-known Austrian and American actor.
Karl Popper
Wiener Schnitzel, a traditional Austrian dish
Innsbruck hosted the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics, as well as the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics, the first in history.
Ski racer Franz Klammer won a gold medal at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck.

Two days later, Austrian-born Hitler announced what he called the "reunification" of his home country with the "rest of the German Reich" on Vienna's Heldenplatz.

Eduard van der Nüll

Austrian architect, who was one of the great masters in the historicist style of Vienna's Ringstrasse.

Mosaic corner of Van-der-Nüll-Gasse/Davidgasse streets in Vienna-Favoriten
Wiener Staatsoper (opera house).

Monument for Archduke Karl of Austria-Teschen at Heldenplatz, 1859.

List of city squares

Partial list of prominent city squares:

Republic Square in Yerevan at night.

Heldenplatz – Vienna

List of statues

List of notable statues worldwide, past and present.

Ain El Fouara

Archduke Karl by Anton Dominik Fernkorn at the Heldenplatz, 1859. The equestrian sculpture is insofar a miracle which stands for Fernkorn's craftsmanship as a sculptor, as only the two back legs of the horse have a connection with the pedestal, it is only the second oldest in the world of this kind, after the Monument to Nicholas I in Saint Petersburg, outdoing the achievement of Tacca's equestrian sculpture of Philip IV in Madrid.

Austrian National Library

Largest library in Austria, with more than 12 million items in its various collections.

Austrian National Library entrance at Heldenplatz
Court Library (Hofbibliothek) entrance at Josefsplatz
View of the imperial library at Josephsplatz (1835)
The Prunksaal, center of the old imperial library
Page (fol. 6 verso) from the Vienna Dioscurides, depicting princess Juliana Anikia and allegories of Generosity and Intelligence
Globe collection, housed in the Palais Mollard-Clary
Fragment from Codex Vindobonesis

In 1966, large parts of the collections were moved from the building at Josefsplatz to the premises of the Neue Burg wing at Heldenplatz, where new reading halls were set up.