Helena (empress)

HelenaSaint HelenaSaint HelenSt HelenHelena of ConstantinopleSt. HelenaSt. HelenEmpress HelenaHelenSt Helena
Helena, or Saint Helena (Greek: Ἁγία Ἑλένη, Hagía Helénē, Flavia Iulia Helena Augusta; c. 246/248 – c. 330), was an Empress of the Roman Empire, and mother of Emperor Constantine the Great.wikipedia
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Santa Maria in Ara Coeli

Santa Maria in AracoeliAra CoeliBasilica of Santa Maria in Ara Coeli
Portions of her relics are found at the basilica of Santa Maria in Ara Coeli in Rome, the Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles in Paris, and at the Abbaye Saint-Pierre d'Hautvillers.
The shrine is known for housing relics belonging to Saint Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine, various minor relics from the Holy Sepulchre, both the canonically crowned images of Nostra Signora di Mano di Oro di Aracoeli (1636) on the high altar and the Santo Bambino of Aracoeli (1897).

Basilica

basilicasminor basilicabasilican
Her palace was later converted into the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem.
In the 4th century, once the Imperial authorities had decriminalised Christianity with the 313 Edict of Milan, and with the activities of Constantine the Great and his mother Helena, Christians were prepared to build larger and more handsome edifices for worship than the furtive meeting-places (such as the Cenacle, cave-churches, house churches such as that of the Roman consuls John and Paul) they had been using.

Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles de Paris

Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles
Portions of her relics are found at the basilica of Santa Maria in Ara Coeli in Rome, the Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles in Paris, and at the Abbaye Saint-Pierre d'Hautvillers.
It has housed the relics of the Empress Saint Helena, mother of Constantine, since 1819, for which it remains a site of veneration in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.

Roodmas

Feast of the Invention of the CrossHoly RoodRud−day
Held in May (when Roodmas was once celebrated), the procession also bears elements of the month's Marian devotions.
It commemorates the finding by Saint Helena of the True Cross in Jerusalem in 355.

Meskel

Feast of MaskalCommemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of ChristMeskel Demera Festivals
In the Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Churches, the feast of Meskel, which commemerates her discovery of the cross, is celebrated on 17 Meskerem in the Ethiopian calendar (September 27, Gregorian calendar, or on 28 September in leap years).
Meskel (, mäsqäl) is an annual religious holiday in the Ethiopian Orthodox and Eritrean Orthodox churches, which commemorates the discovery of the True Cross by the Roman Empress Helena (Saint Helena) in the fourth century.

Trier Cathedral

Cathedral of TrierTrierCathedral
Her alleged skull is displayed in the Cathedral of Trier, in Germany.
According to certain sources, the cathedral was commissioned by Emperor Constantine the Great and built on top of a palace of Saint Helen, his mother.

Churches in Colchester

Holy Trinity ChurchHoly Trinity Church, ColchesterSt Mary-at-the-Walls
St Helen's Chapel in Colchester was believed to have been founded by Helena herself, and since the 15th century, the town's coat of arms has shown a representation of the True Cross and three crowned nails in her honour.
Dedicated to Saint Helena, the 14th-century Chronicle of Colchester states that the chapel was founded by the saint herself and refounded by Eudo Dapifer in 1076.

Coel Hen

King ColeCoelKing Coel
In Great Britain, later legend, mentioned by Henry of Huntingdon but made popular by Geoffrey of Monmouth, claimed that Helena was a daughter of the King of Britain, Cole of Colchester, who allied with Constantius to avoid more war between the Britons and Rome.
He was said to be the father of Saint Helena and through her the grandfather of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great.

Priestess of Avalon

She is also the main character of Priestess of Avalon (2000), a fantasy novel by Marion Zimmer Bradley and Diana L. Paxson.
It follows detailing the life of Helena, first wife of Western Roman Emperor Constantius Chlorus and mother of Constantine.

Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRoma
Portions of her relics are found at the basilica of Santa Maria in Ara Coeli in Rome, the Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles in Paris, and at the Abbaye Saint-Pierre d'Hautvillers. She was buried in the Mausoleum of Helena, outside Rome on the Via Labicana.
The stairs were, reputedly, brought to Rome by St. Helena in the 4th Century.

Vatican Museums

Vatican MuseumVaticanPinacoteca Vaticana
Her sarcophagus is on display in the Pio-Clementine Vatican Museum, although the connection is often questioned.

Hautvillers Abbey

Abbaye Saint-Pierre d'HautvillersAbbaye Saint-Pierre d’HautvillersAbbey of St. Peter
Portions of her relics are found at the basilica of Santa Maria in Ara Coeli in Rome, the Église Saint-Leu-Saint-Gilles in Paris, and at the Abbaye Saint-Pierre d'Hautvillers.
It housed the relics of Saint Helena, Empress and mother of Constantine, between 841 and 1819.

Trier

TrevesTrier, GermanyAugusta Treverorum
According to one tradition, Helena acquired the Holy Tunic on her trip to Jerusalem and sent it to Trier.

Helena (Waugh novel)

Helenabiography of St. HelenaHelena'' (Waugh novel)
Helena is the protagonist of Evelyn Waugh's novel Helena.
It follows the quest of Helena of Constantinople to find the relics of the cross on which Christ was crucified.

Saint Elen

ElenElen LuyddogElen (saint)
She is sometimes known as Helen of Constantinople to distinguish her from others with similar names, and is "Ilona" in Hungarian, and "Liena" in Malta.
Although never formally canonized by Rome, Elen is traditionally considered a saint in the Welsh Church; she is known as Saint Helen of Caernarfon in English to distinguish her from the better-known Saint Helena ("Helen of Constantinople").

Louis de Wohl

Ludwig von Wohl
Helena is also the protagonist of Louis de Wohl's novel The Living Wood, 1947, in which she is again the daughter of King Coel of Colchester.

Colchester

Colchester, EssexColchester, EnglandColchester Town Hall
She is also the patron saint of Abingdon and Colchester.
The 162-foot clock tower was presented by James Paxman; it is topped by a figure of St Helena, who is linked by legend to the town.

May devotions to the Blessed Virgin Mary

May crowningceremonially crownedconsecrating the month of May
Held in May (when Roodmas was once celebrated), the procession also bears elements of the month's Marian devotions.
The Reyna Elena, representing Saint Helena, is the last and grandest; she bears a cross or crucifix as she is escorted by a young boy playing Constantine.

St. Peter's Basilica

Saint Peter's BasilicaSt Peter's BasilicaSt. Peter
On the balconies Bernini created showcases, framed by the eight ancient twisted columns, to display the four most precious relics of the basilica: the spear of Longinus, said to have pierced the side of Christ, the veil of Veronica, with the miraculous image of the face of Christ, a fragment of the True Cross discovered in Jerusalem by Constantine's mother, Helena, and a relic of Saint Andrew, the brother of Saint Peter.

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
Helena, or Saint Helena (Greek: Ἁγία Ἑλένη, Hagía Helénē, Flavia Iulia Helena Augusta; c. 246/248 – c.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
330), was an Empress of the Roman Empire, and mother of Emperor Constantine the Great.

Roman emperor

EmperoremperorsWestern Roman Emperor
330), was an Empress of the Roman Empire, and mother of Emperor Constantine the Great.

Anatolia

Asia MinorAsiatic TurkeyAnatolian Plateau
Born outside of the noble classes, a Greek, possibly in the Greek city of Drepana, Bithynia in Asia Minor, she became the of the future Roman Emperor Constantius Chlorus and the mother of the future Emperor Constantine the Great.