Helikopter-Streichquartettwikipedia
The Helikopter-Streichquartett (Helicopter String Quartet) is one of Karlheinz Stockhausen's best-known pieces, and one of the most complex to perform.
Helicopter String Quartet

Karlheinz Stockhausen

StockhausenKarlheinz StockhausenStockhausen, Karlheinz
The Helikopter-Streichquartett (Helicopter String Quartet) is one of Karlheinz Stockhausen's best-known pieces, and one of the most complex to perform.
Stockhausen had dreams of flying throughout his life, and these dreams are reflected in the Helikopter-Streichquartett (the third scene of Mittwoch aus Licht), completed in 1993.

Helicopter String Quartet

The film, whose producer is Ton van der Lee, documents the preparations and rehearsals in 1995 for the world-premiere performance by the Arditti Quartet of the 1993 composition Helikopter-Streichquartett (English: Helicopter String Quartet) by Karlheinz Stockhausen.

String quartet

string quartetstring quartetsquartet
It involves a string quartet, four helicopters with pilots, as well as audio and video equipment and technicians.

Holland Festival

Holland festivalthe NetherlandsHolland
The first performances of the piece took place in Amsterdam on 26 June 1995, as part of the Holland Festival, with Alouette helicopters from the Royal Dutch Air Force display team, The Grasshoppers.
Notable world premieres included Karlheinz Stockhausen's Helicopter String Quartet.

Klang (Stockhausen)

KlangHarmonienBalance
(Several of Stockhausen's earlier theatrical compositions—such as Trans, Musik im Bauch, and the Helicopter String Quartet—also had their origins in dreams.) Because of the indefinite pitches of the instruments (a large double-panelled door and an assortment of cymbals and gongs), Himmels-Tür is the only work in the Klang cycle that does not use the 24-note series extrapolated from the all-interval "Gruppen" row (Kohl 2008, 17; Toop 2008b, 199–200).

Spatial music

spatializationspatial musicaudio spatialization
Notable 20th-century spatial compositions include Charles Ives's Fourth Symphony (1912–18), Rued Langgaard's Music of the Spheres (1916–18), Edgard Varèse's Poème électronique (Expo '58), Henryk Górecki's Scontri, op. 17 (1960), which unleashes a volume of sound with a "tremendous orchestra" for which the composer precisely dictates the placement of each player onstage, including fifty-two percussion instruments, Karlheinz Stockhausen's Helicopter String Quartet (1992–93/95), which is "arguably the most extreme experiment involving the spatial motility of live performers", and Henry Brant's Ice Field, a "'spatial narrative,'" or "spatial organ concerto," awarded the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for Music, as well as most of the output after 1960 of Luigi Nono, whose late works—e.g., ... sofferte onde serene ... (1976), Al gran sole carico d'amore (1972–77), Prometeo (1984), and A Pierre: Dell’azzurro silenzio, inquietuum (1985)—explicitly reflect the spatial soundscape of his native Venice, and cannot be performed without their spatial component.

Birmingham Opera Company

Birmingham
The production featured the Elysian Quartet performing the famously complex Helicopter String Quartet, with BBC Radio 1's DJ Nihal acting as the moderator (a role previously undertaken by Stockhausen himself).

Chamber music

chamber musicchamberchamber ensemble
Since the invention of electrical telecommunication devices in the 19th century, players of a string quartet can even conduct a conversation when they are flying over the audience in four separate helicopters, as in the Helicopter String Quartet by Karlheinz Stockhausen.

Rotary Wind Quintet

Rotary'' Wind QuintetRotary-Bläserquintett
Like the Helicopter String Quartet, The Rotary Wind Quintet is a component of the opera Mittwoch aus Licht.

Licht

Traum-FormelLICHTOboe
Composed between 1992 and 1998, the opera consists of four scenes: Welt-Parlament (World Parliament), Orchester-Finalisten (Orchestra Finalists), Helikopter-Streichquartett (Helicopter String Quartet), and Michaelion.

Deelen Air Base

Deelen airfieldDeelen
In June 1995 Deelen was used for the world premiere of Karlheinz Stockhausen's Helikopter-Streichquartett.

Helicopter

helicopterhelicopterschopper
It involves a string quartet, four helicopters with pilots, as well as audio and video equipment and technicians.

Mittwoch aus Licht

Orchester-FinalistenMittwochWednesday'' (opera)
Although performable as a self-sufficient piece, it also forms the third scene of the opera Mittwoch aus Licht ("Wednesday from Light").

Salzburg Festival

SalzburgSalzburger FestspieleSalzburg Summer Festival
The Helicopter Quartet was originally commissioned by Professor Hans Landesmann of the Salzburger Festspiele in early 1991.

Arditti Quartet

Arditti String QuartetArditti QuartetArditti
The Arditti Quartet was to play the première.

Gerard Mortier

Gerard MortierGérard Mortier
His reaction was positive, as was that of the Director of the Festspiele, Gerard Mortier.

Irvine Arditti

The performers were: first violinist Irvine Arditti and pilot Marco Oliver; second violinist Graeme Jennings and pilot Lieutenant Denis Jans; violist Garth Knox and pilot Lieutenant Robert de Lange; cellist Rohan de Saram and pilot Captain Erik Boekelman.

Graeme Jennings (violinist)

Graeme Jennings
The performers were: first violinist Irvine Arditti and pilot Marco Oliver; second violinist Graeme Jennings and pilot Lieutenant Denis Jans; violist Garth Knox and pilot Lieutenant Robert de Lange; cellist Rohan de Saram and pilot Captain Erik Boekelman.

Garth Knox

The performers were: first violinist Irvine Arditti and pilot Marco Oliver; second violinist Graeme Jennings and pilot Lieutenant Denis Jans; violist Garth Knox and pilot Lieutenant Robert de Lange; cellist Rohan de Saram and pilot Captain Erik Boekelman.

Rohan de Saram

De Saram
The performers were: first violinist Irvine Arditti and pilot Marco Oliver; second violinist Graeme Jennings and pilot Lieutenant Denis Jans; violist Garth Knox and pilot Lieutenant Robert de Lange; cellist Rohan de Saram and pilot Captain Erik Boekelman.