Helmut Gernsheim

HelmutAlison Gernsheim
Helmut Erich Robert Kuno Gernsheim (1 March 1913 – 20 July 1995) was a historian of photography, collector, and photographer.wikipedia
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Historic England Archive

English Heritage ArchiveNational Buildings RecordNational Monuments Record
Gernsheim earned his release from internment by volunteering to work for the National Buildings Record, returning to London in 1942 to photograph important monuments with a view to revealing their artistic merits.
In the 1950s the NBR archive acquisitions included the collections of Sydney Pitcher (medieval architecture and vernacular buildings); Helmut Gernsheim (photographs of tombs in St Pauls Cathedral and Westminster Abbey) as well as continued recording of architectural details such as glass, fixtures and fittings, woodwork and sculpture.

Harry Ransom Center

Harry Ransom Humanities Research CenterThe Harry Ransom Humanities Research CenterHarry Ransom Center at the University of Texas, Austin
In the end, after many fruitless discussions with authorities and potential sponsors in several countries, he sold everything to the University of Texas at Austin in 1963 where it formed the basis of a new Department of Photography at the Humanities Research Center.
F. Warren Roberts was the official director from 1961 to 1976 and acquired the Helmut Gernsheim Collection of photographs, the archives of D. H. Lawrence, John Steinbeck, and Evelyn Waugh, and in 1968 the Carlton Lake Collection.

Julia Margaret Cameron

J. M. Cameron
They amassed a huge collection containing work by such luminaries as Julia Margaret Cameron, Alvin Langdon Coburn, Hill & Adamson, William Henry Fox Talbot, and Louis Daguerre.
Helmut Gernsheim, after seeing photographs that Cameron had donated to a railway station in Hampshire hanging in the waiting room of the station, published a book on her work that helped establish her reputation.

Nicéphore Niépce

Joseph Nicéphore NiépceNicephore NiepceNiépce
Along the way, in 1952 Gernsheim rediscovered the long-lost world's first surviving permanent photograph from nature, created by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1826 (View from the Window at Le Gras).
The historic image had seemingly been lost early in the 20th century, but photography historian Helmut Gernsheim succeeded in tracking it down in 1952.

View from the Window at Le Gras

earliest surviving photographfirst photofirst photograph
Along the way, in 1952 Gernsheim rediscovered the long-lost world's first surviving permanent photograph from nature, created by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1826 (View from the Window at Le Gras).
Historians Helmut Gernsheim and Alison Gernsheim tracked down the photograph in 1952 and brought it to prominence, reinforcing the claim that Niépce is the inventor of photography.

History of photography

photographyartdevelopment of photography
Helmut Erich Robert Kuno Gernsheim (1 March 1913 – 20 July 1995) was a historian of photography, collector, and photographer.

Munich

Munich, GermanyMünchenMunich, West Germany
Born in Munich, Germany, Gernsheim studied art history at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.

Art history

art historianart historiansart historical
Born in Munich, Germany, Gernsheim studied art history at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

University of MunichMunichMunich University
Born in Munich, Germany, Gernsheim studied art history at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.

National Gallery

National Gallery, LondonThe National GalleryNational Gallery of London
He started working as a colour photographer using the German Uvachrome process before going to Paris for an exhibition of his work and then to London to work on a commission from the National Gallery, London.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

HMT Dunera

DuneraHMT ''Dunera2,542 "enemy aliens
At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

New South Wales

NSWNew South Wales, AustraliaColony of New South Wales
At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack

Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack
At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Heinz Henghes

At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Hein Heckroth

At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Erich Liffmann

At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Henry Talbot (photographer)

Henry Talbot
At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Ernst Kitzinger

Kitzinger, Ernst
At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Fred Lowen

At the outset of World War II, Gernsheim was deported on the Dunera and interned as a "friendly enemy alien" for a year at Hay in New South Wales, Australia along with other German nationals including Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack of the Bauhaus, Heinz Henghes (sculptor), Hein Heckroth (film and stage designer), George Teltscher (graphic artist), Klaus Friedeberger (painter), tenor Erich Liffmann, composer Ray Martin, artist Johannes Koelz, photographers Henry Talbot and Hans Axel, art historians Franz Phillipp and Ernst Kitzinger, author Ulrich Boschwitz, furniture designers Fred Lowen and Ernst Roedeck, and Erwin Fabian (sculptor).

Beaumont Newhall

Beaumont
While interned, he lectured other internees on the aesthetics of photography and wrote his critique on photography, New Photo Vision, which was published in 1942 and led to his becoming a friend of fellow critic and historian Beaumont Newhall.

Kenneth Clark

Sir Kenneth ClarkClark, KennethLord Clark
They were praised by critics including Kenneth Clark and Nikolaus Pevsner and in 1943 were described by The Architectural Review as "nothing short of a rediscovery of the Baroque monuments".

Nikolaus Pevsner

PevsnerPevsner, NikolausSir Nikolaus Pevsner
They were praised by critics including Kenneth Clark and Nikolaus Pevsner and in 1943 were described by The Architectural Review as "nothing short of a rediscovery of the Baroque monuments".

Royal Photographic Society

Photographic SocietyRoyal Photographic Society of Great BritainFRPS
He joined The Royal Photographic Society in 1940 become a Fellow (FRPS) in 1942.

Alvin Langdon Coburn

Alvin CoburnVortograph
They amassed a huge collection containing work by such luminaries as Julia Margaret Cameron, Alvin Langdon Coburn, Hill & Adamson, William Henry Fox Talbot, and Louis Daguerre.