Hemp

industrial hemphemp seedhemp ropehempseedhemp farmingfibershemp fibreHemp seedshempenhempseeds and hempseed oil
Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.wikipedia
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Cannabis sativa

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Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
It has been cultivated throughout recorded history, used as a source of industrial fiber, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods and medicine.

Cannabidiol

CBDCBD oilEpidiolex
Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects.
It may be supplied as CBD oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (no included tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] or terpenes), a full-plant CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, capsules, dried cannabis, or as a prescription liquid solution.

Hemp oil

hemp seed oilhempseed oiloil
When oxidized (often erroneously referred to as "drying"), hemp oil from the seeds becomes solid and can be used in the manufacture of oil-based paints, in creams as a moisturizing agent, for cooking, and in plastics.
Hemp oil (hemp seed oil or hempseed oil) is oil obtained by pressing hemp seeds.

Hemp juice

juice
The leaves of the hemp plant, while not as nutritional as the seeds, are edible and can be consumed raw as leafy vegetables in salads, and pressed to make juice.
Hemp juice made from industrial hemp is a drug-free, non-psychoactive juice pressed with pressure from the Cannabis sativa plant.

Bast fibre

bastbast fiberfibre
The bast fibers can be used to make textiles that are 100% hemp, but they are commonly blended with other fibers, such as flax, cotton or silk, as well as virgin and recycled polyester, to make woven fabrics for apparel and furnishings.
Some of the economically important bast fibres are obtained from herbs cultivated in agriculture, as for instance flax, hemp, or ramie, but also bast fibres from wild plants, as stinging nettle, and trees such as lime or linden, wisteria, and mulberry have been used in the past.

Hemp milk

Hemp seeds can also be made into a liquid and used for baking or for beverages such as hemp milk and tisanes.
Hemp milk, or hemp seed milk, is a plant milk made from hemp seeds that are soaked and ground in water.

Alpha-Linolenic acid

α-Linolenic acidlinolenic acidALA
About 73% of the energy in hempseed is in the form of fats and essential fatty acids, mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids, linoleic, oleic, and alpha-linolenic acids.
ALA is found in many seeds and oils, including flaxseed, walnuts, chia, hemp, and many common vegetable oils.

Canvas

canvasescanvas paintingCanvas stretching
Hemp was also commonly used to make sail canvas.
Modern canvas is usually made of cotton or linen, along with polyvinyl chloride (PVC), although historically it was made from hemp.

Linoleic acid

linoleiclinoleatelinoleic acid metabolism
About 73% of the energy in hempseed is in the form of fats and essential fatty acids, mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids, linoleic, oleic, and alpha-linolenic acids.
It is abundant in many nuts, fatty seeds (flax seeds, hemp seeds, poppy seeds, sesame seeds, etc.) and their derived vegetable oils; comprising over half (by weight) of poppy seed, safflower, sunflower, corn, and soybean oils.

Linen

FlaxLinen clotheslinen cloth
Pure hemp has a texture similar to linen.
Textiles in a linen weave texture, even when made of cotton, hemp, or other non-flax fibers, are also loosely referred to as "linen".

Paper

sheetpaper manufacturingpaper making
Hemp paper are paper varieties consisting exclusively or to a large extent from pulp obtained from fibers of industrial hemp.
The rags were from hemp, linen and cotton.

Soybean

soysoybeansGlycine max
Hempseed's amino acid profile is comparable to other sources of protein such as meat, milk, eggs and soy.
Moreover, soybeans can produce at least twice as much protein per acre than any other major vegetable or grain crop besides hemp, five to 10 times more protein per acre than land set aside for grazing animals to make milk, and up to 15 times more protein per acre than land set aside for meat production.

Cannabis (drug)

marijuanacannabispot
Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses.
Although herbal cannabis and industrial hemp derive from the same species and contain the psychoactive component (THC), they are distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses.

Phytoremediation

phytominingphytoremediatehyperaccumulate
Additionally, hemp is being used to clean contaminants at the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site, by way of a process which is known as phytoremediation—the process of clearing radioisotopes and a variety of other toxins from the soil, water, and air.
Many plants such as mustard plants, alpine pennycress, hemp, and pigweed have proven to be successful at hyperaccumulating contaminants at toxic waste sites.

Rolling paper

cigarette papercigarette paperscigarette wrappers
The products are mainly specialty papers such as cigarette paper, banknotes and technical filter papers.
Cigarette paper is made from thin and lightweight "rag fibers" (nonwood plant fibers) such as flax, hemp, sisal, rice straw, and esparto.

Hemp jewelry

Hemp jewelry is the product of knotting hemp twine through the practice of macramé.
Hemp jewelry uses hemp twine material which is made from the Cannabis sativa plant, otherwise known as “Common Hemp”, which is cultivated to make goods such as food, fuel, clothing and textiles, cosmetics, paints, paper, building materials, and plastics, among others.

Tarring (rope)

tarringtarred ropetarring the rope
Hemp rope was used in the age of sailing ships, though the rope had to be protected by tarring, since hemp rope has a propensity for breaking from rot, as the capillary effect of the rope-woven fibers tended to hold liquid at the interior, while seeming dry from the outside.
Hemp rope requires tarring, but Manila, cotton, and synthetics do not.

Legal history of cannabis in the United States

Legal history of marijuana in the United Stateslegalization of marijuanaLegal history of cannabis in thCARERS
Influential groups misconstrued hemp as a dangerous "drug", even though hemp is not a recreational drug and has the potential to be a sustainable and profitable crop for many farmers due to hemp's medical, structural and dietary uses.
The Virginia Company enacted the decree, asking Jamestown's land owners to grow and export 100 hemp plants to help support England's cause.

Shives

hemp hurdshurdhemp
Hemp is used as an internal plaster and is a mixture of hemp hurd (shive) mixed with larger proportions of a lime-based binder. Traditionally, hemp stalks would be water-retted first before the fibers were beaten off the inner hurd by hand, a process known as scutching.
Shives, also known as shoves or boon, are the wooden refuse removed during processing flax, hemp, or jute, as opposed to the fibres (tow).

Jack Tar

tartarsjack tarrs
Tarring was a labor-intensive process, and earned sailors the nickname "Jack Tar".

Scutching

scutchedscutcherscutch
Traditionally, hemp stalks would be water-retted first before the fibers were beaten off the inner hurd by hand, a process known as scutching.
Scutching is a step in the processing of cotton or the dressing of flax or hemp in preparation for spinning.

Marihuana Tax Act of 1937

Marihuana Tax ActMarijuana Tax Act1937 Marijuana Tax Act
After the Marijuana Tax Act was implemented in 1938, the technology for separating the fibers from the core remained "frozen in time".
The total production of hemp fiber in the United States had in 1933 decreased to around 500 tons/year.

Essential fatty acid

essential fatty acidsessentialEssential fatty acid deficiency
About 73% of the energy in hempseed is in the form of fats and essential fatty acids, mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids, linoleic, oleic, and alpha-linolenic acids.
Some of the food sources of ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids are fish and shellfish, seaweed oil, flaxseed (linseed) and flaxseed oil, hemp seed, olive oil, soya oil, canola (rapeseed) oil, chia seeds, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, leafy vegetables, and walnuts.

Manila rope

manila hempmanila hemp ropeManilla rope
Hemp rope was phased out when manila rope, which does not require tarring, became widely available.
It is not actually hemp, but named so because hemp was long a major source of fiber, and other fibers were sometimes named after it.

Smother crop

Hemp crops are tall, have thick foliage, and can be planted densely, and thus can be grown as a smother crop to kill tough weeds.
Alfalfa, hemp, rye, buckwheat, sorghum, Sudan grass, foxtail millet, sweetclover, marigold, silage corn are some examples of smother crops.