Hemp oil

hemp seed oilhempseed oiloilhempseedOilseedseed oil
Hemp oil (hemp seed oil or hempseed oil) is oil obtained by pressing hemp seeds.wikipedia
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Cannabis

marijuanahemppot
It should not be confused with hash oil, a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flower.
Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug.

Hemp

industrial hemphemp seedhemp rope
Hemp oil (hemp seed oil or hempseed oil) is oil obtained by pressing hemp seeds. About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).
When oxidized (often erroneously referred to as "drying"), hemp oil from the seeds becomes solid and can be used in the manufacture of oil-based paints, in creams as a moisturizing agent, for cooking, and in plastics.

Omega-3 fatty acid

omega-3omega-3 fatty acidsOmega 3
The oil has a 3:1 ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids. About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).
Common sources of plant oils containing ALA include walnut, edible seeds, clary sage seed oil, algal oil, flaxseed oil, Sacha Inchi oil, Echium oil, and hemp oil, while sources of animal omega−3 fatty acids EPA and DHA include fish, fish oils, eggs from chickens fed EPA and DHA, squid oils, krill oil, and certain algae.

Hash oil

cannabis oilbutane hash oildabbing
It should not be confused with hash oil, a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flower.
In the United States, regulations specifically for hash oil have not been issued as of 2019, but hemp seed oil – along with hulled hemp seeds and hemp seed protein – were approved as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) in December 2018, indicating that "these products can be legally marketed in human foods for these uses without food additive approval, provided they comply with all other requirements and do not make disease treatment claims".

Gamma-Linolenic acid

γ-linolenic acidgamolenic acid(6''Z'',9''Z'',12''Z'')-octadeca-6,9,12-trienoic acid
About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).
GLA is obtained from vegetable oils such as evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) oil (EPO), blackcurrant seed oil, borage seed oil, and hemp seed oil.

Linoleic acid

linoleiclinoleatelinoleic acid metabolism
About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).

Omega-6 fatty acid

omega-6omega-6 fatty acidsω-6
The oil has a 3:1 ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids. About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).

Oil paint

oiloilsoil-based paint
Due to its polymer-forming properties, hemp oil is used on its own or blended with other oils, resins, and solvents as an impregnator and varnish in wood finishing, as a pigment binder in oil paints, and as a plasticizer and hardener in putty.
Greek writers such as Aetius Amidenus recorded recipes involving the use of oils for drying, such as walnut, poppy, hempseed, pine nut, castor, and linseed.

Cannabis flower essential oil

Cannabischaracteristic aromaessential oil of cannabis
Hemp essential oil is distinct from hemp seed oil (hemp oil) and hash oil: the former is a vegetable oil that is cold-pressed from the seeds of low-THC varieties of hemp, the latter is a THC-rich extract of dried female hemp flowers (marijuana) or resin (hashish).

Finola (hemp)

Finola
Finola is a hemp variety used to produce hemp oil.

Monounsaturated fat

monounsaturatedmonounsaturated fatty acidsmonounsaturated fatty acid
In addition, hempseed oil contains 5% to 11% monounsaturated fat and 5% to 7% saturated fat.
Other sources include avocado oil, macadamia nut oil, grapeseed oil, groundnut oil (peanut oil), sesame oil, corn oil, popcorn, whole grain wheat, cereal, oatmeal, almond oil, sunflower oil, hemp oil, and tea-oil Camellia.

Essential fatty acid

essential fatty acidsessentialEssential fatty acid deficiency
The oil has a 3:1 ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids.

Raw material

raw materialsfeedstockmaterial
It may also be used as a feedstock for the large-scale production of biodiesel.

Biodiesel

bio-dieselB20bioheat
It may also be used as a feedstock for the large-scale production of biodiesel.

Tetrahydrocannabinol

THCdelta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolΔ 9 -THC
Hemp seed oil is manufactured from varieties of Cannabis sativa that do not contain significant amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive element present in the cannabis plant.

Polyunsaturated fat

polyunsaturatedpolyunsaturated fatty acidspolyunsaturated fats
About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).

Alpha-Linolenic acid

α-Linolenic acidlinolenic acidALA
About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).

Stearidonic acid

(6''Z'',9''Z'',12''Z'',15''Z'')-octadeca-6,9,12,15-tetraenoic acid
About 49% of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil that contains 76% as polyunsaturated fat, including omega-6 fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA, 54%) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 3%), and omega-3 fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 17%) and stearidonic acid (2%).

Saturated fat

saturated fatty acidsaturatedsaturated fats
In addition, hempseed oil contains 5% to 11% monounsaturated fat and 5% to 7% saturated fat.

Smoke point

heat tolerancesmokesmoking temperature
It has a relatively low smoke point and is not suitable for frying.

Dietary supplement

dietary supplementsnutritional supplementnutritional supplements
It is primarily used as a food oil and dietary supplement.

Drying oil

drying oilsdryingoil
Hemp oil is a "drying oil", as it can polymerize into a solid form.

Varnish

varnishesvarnishingSanding sealer
Due to its polymer-forming properties, hemp oil is used on its own or blended with other oils, resins, and solvents as an impregnator and varnish in wood finishing, as a pigment binder in oil paints, and as a plasticizer and hardener in putty.

Pigment

pigmentspigmentationnatural pigment
Due to its polymer-forming properties, hemp oil is used on its own or blended with other oils, resins, and solvents as an impregnator and varnish in wood finishing, as a pigment binder in oil paints, and as a plasticizer and hardener in putty.

Putty

masticputtiesplastic body filler
Due to its polymer-forming properties, hemp oil is used on its own or blended with other oils, resins, and solvents as an impregnator and varnish in wood finishing, as a pigment binder in oil paints, and as a plasticizer and hardener in putty.