Henan

Henan ProvinceHenan, ChinaHonanHo-nanHénánYuFulingHAHe'nan
Henan (alternatively Honan) is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.wikipedia
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Luoyang

ChengzhouLuoyang CityLuoyang, China
Four of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China, Luoyang, Anyang, Kaifeng and Zhengzhou, are located in Henan.
Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.

Zhengzhou

Zhengzhou, ChinaZhengzhou, HenanZhengzhou City
Four of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China, Luoyang, Anyang, Kaifeng and Zhengzhou, are located in Henan. Its many capitals are located at the modern cities of Shangqiu, Yanshi, and Zhengzhou.
Zhengzhou is the capital and largest city of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China.

Kaifeng

DaliangBianjingDongjing
Four of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China, Luoyang, Anyang, Kaifeng and Zhengzhou, are located in Henan.
Kaifeng is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan province, China.

Anyang

Anyang, ChinaAnyang CityAnyang, Henan
Four of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China, Luoyang, Anyang, Kaifeng and Zhengzhou, are located in Henan.
Anyang is a prefecture-level city in Henan province, China.

Central China

Centralcentral partCentral Region
Henan (alternatively Honan) is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Central China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that includes the provinces of Henan, Hubei and Hunan.

Zhongyuan

Central PlainsCentral PlainChinese heartland
Henan is often referred to as Zhongyuan or Zhongzhou, which literally means "central plain" or "midland", although the name is also applied to the entirety of China proper.
In its narrowest sense, the Central Plain covers modern-day Henan, the southern part of Hebei, the southern part of Shanxi, and the western part of Shandong province.

Shaanxi

Shaanxi ProvinceShensiShǎnxī
Its neighboring provinces are Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Hubei.
It lies in central China, bordering the provinces of Shanxi (NE, E), Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW), and Inner Mongolia (N).

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
Henan is the birthplace of Chinese civilization, with over 3,000 years of recorded history, and remained China's cultural, economical and political center until approximately 1,000 years ago.
Excavation of a Peiligang culture site in Xinzheng county, Henan, found a community that flourished in 5,500 to 4,900 BC, with evidence of agriculture, constructed buildings, pottery, and burial of the dead.

Shanxi

Shanxi ProvinceShansiShangxi
Its neighboring provinces are Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Hubei.
Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north.

Yinxu

YinRuins of YinAnyang
Henan Province is home to a large number of heritage sites which have been left behind, including the ruins of Shang dynasty capital city Yin and the Shaolin Temple.
Yinxu is located in northernmost Henan province near the modern city of Anyang, and near the Hebei and Shanxi province borders.

Shandong

Shandong ProvinceShantungShantung Province
Its neighboring provinces are Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Hubei.
Shandong borders the Bohai Sea to the north, Hebei to the northwest, Henan to the west, Jiangsu to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the southeast; it also shares a very short border with Anhui, between Henan and Jiangsu.

Anhui

Anhui ProvinceAnhweiAnhui, China
Its neighboring provinces are Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Hubei.
The province is located across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, bordering Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a short section in the north.

Hubei

Hubei ProvinceHupehHubei, China
Its neighboring provinces are Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Hubei.
It borders Henan to the north, Anhui to the east, Jiangxi to the southeast, Hunan to the south, Chongqing to the west, and Shaanxi to the northwest.

Hebei

Hebei ProvinceHopeiHopeh
Its neighboring provinces are Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Hubei.
The province borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, and Shandong to the southeast.

Shangqiu

Yingtian (Song Dynasty)Guide, HenanNanjing
The Xia dynasty collapsed around the 16th century BC following the invasion of Shang, a neighboring vassal state centered around today's Shangqiu in eastern Henan. Its many capitals are located at the modern cities of Shangqiu, Yanshi, and Zhengzhou.
Shangqiu, alternately romanized as Shangkiu, is a city in eastern Henan province, Central China.

Yangshao culture

YangshaoYangshao bowlYangshao people
Archaeological sites reveal that prehistoric cultures such as the Yangshao Culture and Longshan Culture were active in what is now northern Henan since the Neolithic Era.
The culture is named after Yangshao, the first excavated site of this culture, which was discovered in 1921 in Mianchi County, Henan Province by the Swedish geologist Johan Gunnar Andersson (1874–1960).

Yellow River

YellowHuang HeYellow River Valley
Although the name of the province means "south of the [Yellow] river", approximately a quarter of the province lies north of the Yellow River, also known as the Huang He.
These accounts show that after the river passed Luoyang, it flowed along the border between Shanxi and Henan Provinces, then continued along the border between Hebei and Shandong before emptying into Bohai Bay near present-day Tianjin.

Chang'an

ChanganChang-AnChang’an
The capital was moved to Chang'an, and the political and economical center was moved away from Henan for the first time.
The roads leading to Gansu, Sichuan, Henan, Hubei and Shanxi all converged there.

Chu (state)

ChuState of ChuChu state
Laozi, the founder of Taoism, was born in northern Chu, part of modern-day Henan. Later on, these states were replaced by seven large and powerful states during the Warring States period, and Henan was divided into three states, the Wei to the north, the Chu to the south, and the Han in the middle.
Also known as Jing and Jingchu, Chu included most of the present-day provinces of Hubei and Hunan, along with parts of Chongqing, Guizhou, Henan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shanghai.

List of Chinese administrative divisions by population

List of China administrative divisions by populationmost populous province10th
Henan is China's third most populous province with a population of over 94 million.

Han (state)

HanState of HanHán
Later on, these states were replaced by seven large and powerful states during the Warring States period, and Henan was divided into three states, the Wei to the north, the Chu to the south, and the Han in the middle.
It was located in central China (modern-day Shanxi and Henan) in a region south and east of Luoyang, the capital of the Eastern Zhou.

Warring States period

Warring StatesWarring States eraChina
Later on, these states were replaced by seven large and powerful states during the Warring States period, and Henan was divided into three states, the Wei to the north, the Chu to the south, and the Han in the middle.

Xuchang

Xu CityXuXuchang City
Xuchang in central Henan was the power base of Cao Cao, who eventually succeeded in unifying all of northern China under the Kingdom of Wei.
Xuchang (postal: Hsuchang) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province in Central China.

Wei (state)

WeiState of WeiWei state
Later on, these states were replaced by seven large and powerful states during the Warring States period, and Henan was divided into three states, the Wei to the north, the Chu to the south, and the Han in the middle.
Its territory lay between the states of Qin and Qi and included parts of modern-day Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, and Shandong.

Yanshi

Yanshi Shang CityYanshi County13
Its many capitals are located at the modern cities of Shangqiu, Yanshi, and Zhengzhou.
Yanshi is a county-level city administered by the prefecture-level city of Luoyang in western Henan province, China.