Henri Bergson

Bergson in 1927
Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience (Dissertation, 1889)
Quid Aristoteles de loco senserit (Dissertation, 1889)

French philosopher who was influential in the tradition of analytic philosophy and continental philosophy, especially during the first half of the 20th century until the Second World War, but also after 1966 when Gilles Deleuze published Le Bergsonisme.

- Henri Bergson

467 related topics


Lycée Condorcet

School founded in 1803 in Paris, France, located at 8, rue du Havre, in the city's 9th arrondissement.

1808 engraving of the Lycée's entrance
1903 painting of the lycée entrance
Condorcet's faculty in 1882.
5th President of France Sadi Carnot
6th President of France Jean Casimir-Perier
11th President of France Paul Deschanel
13th Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
12th Prefect of Seine and architect Georges-Eugène Haussmann
67th Prime Minister of France André Tardieu
Founder of Citroën, André Citroën
Founder of Renault, Louis Renault
Founder of Dassault Aviation, Marcel Dassault
Novelist and Critic Marcel Proust
Poet Paul Verlaine
Henri Bergson
Neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot
Lanza del Vasto
Raymond Aron
Actor Louis de Funès
Actor Serge Gainsbourg
Leader of French Romanticism Alfred de Vigny
Paul Valéry
Théodore de Banville
Boris Vian
Poet and Writer Jules Romains, Founder of Unanimism

Henri Bergson, Horace Finaly, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Marcel Proust, Francis Poulenc and Paul Verlaine are some of the students who attended the Lycée Condorcet.

École normale supérieure (Paris)

Grande école in Paris, France.

École normale supesrieure's emblem
École normale supesrieure's emblem
Entrance of the historic building of the ENS, at 45, rue d'Ulm. The inscriptions on the pediment of the monumental doorway display the school's two dates of creation (the first, 9 brumaire an III (30 October 1794), in the oculus, under the National Convention, the second, 17 March 1808), and the date of dedication of this building, 24 April 1841.
The main entrance to the ENS on Rue d'Ulm. The school moved into its current premises in 1847.
The quadrangle at the main ENS building on rue d'Ulm is known as the Cour aux Ernests – the Ernests being the goldfish in the pond.
The school's Cour aux Ernests under a coat of snow.
The Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa, Italy, which was founded as a branch of ENS and retains very close links to it.
Louis Pasteur was a student at the school before directing it for many years.
Simone Weil attended the École normale supérieure in the 1920s and beat classmate Simone de Beauvoir to first place in philosophy.
Jean-Paul Sartre attended the school at the same time as his intellectual foe Raymond Aron.

The school has achieved particular recognition in the fields of mathematics and physics as one of France's foremost scientific training grounds, along with notability in the human sciences as the spiritual birthplace of authors such as Julien Gracq, Jean Giraudoux, Assia Djebar, and Charles Péguy, philosophers such as Henri Bergson, Jean-Paul Sartre, Louis Althusser, Simone Weil, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Alain Badiou, social scientists such as Émile Durkheim, Raymond Aron, and Pierre Bourdieu, and "French theorists" such as Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida.

Collège de France

Higher education and research establishment in France.

The primary entrance to the Collège de France
The courtyard of the Collège de France

Henri Bergson

Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers

British occultist.

Mathers, in Egyptian costume, performs a ritual of Isis in the rites of the Golden Dawn

His wife was Moina Mathers (née Mina Bergson), sister of the philosopher Henri Bergson.

Continental philosophy

Term used to describe some philosophers and philosophical traditions that do not fall under the umbrella of analytic philosophy.

Henri Bergson
Martin Heidegger

J. G. Merquior argued that a distinction between analytic and continental philosophies can be first clearly identified with Henri Bergson (1859–1941), whose wariness of science and elevation of intuition paved the way for existentialism.

Marcel Proust

French novelist, critic, and essayist who wrote the monumental novel In Search of Lost Time (À la recherche du temps perdu; with the previous English title translation of Remembrance of Things Past), originally published in French in seven volumes between 1913 and 1927.

Proust in 1900
(photograph by Otto Wegener)
Marcel Proust (seated), Robert de Flers (left) and Lucien Daudet (right), ca. 1894
Jean Béraud, La Sortie du lycée Condorcet
102 Boulevard Haussmann, Paris, where Marcel Proust lived from 1907 to 1919
Robert de Montesquiou, the main inspiration for Baron de Charlus in À la recherche du temps perdu
Mme. Arman de Caillavet
Grave of Marcel Proust at Père Lachaise Cemetery

Both the translation and the introduction were well-reviewed; Henri Bergson called Proust's introduction "an important contribution to the psychology of Ruskin", and had similar praise for the translation.


Competitive examination for civil service in the French public education system.

philosophers Alain Badiou (philosophy), Henri Bergson (philosophy), Jean-Paul Sartre (philosophy), Simone de Beauvoir (philosophy), Raymond Aron (philosophy), Michel Foucault (philosophy) Jacques Derrida (philosophy), André Glucksmann (philosophy), Alain Finkielkraut (Modern Letters), Luc Ferry (philosophy), Louis Althusser (philosophy), Simone Weil (philosophy), André Comte-Sponville (philosophy); Jean-François Lyotard (Philosophy)

Gilles Deleuze

French philosopher who, from the early 1950s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art.

An important part of Deleuze's oeuvre is devoted to the reading of other philosophers: the Stoics, Leibniz, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, and Bergson, with particular influence derived from Spinoza.

Jacques Maritain

French Catholic philosopher.

Maritain in the 1930s
Tomb of Raïssa and Jacques Maritain

They were spared from following through on this because, at the urging of Charles Péguy, they attended the lectures of Henri Bergson at the Collège de France.

Creative Evolution (book)

Bergson in 1927

Creative Evolution (L'Évolution créatrice) is a 1907 book by French philosopher Henri Bergson.