Henri Parinaud

Henri Parinaud (1844-1905)
Henri Parinaud (1 May 1844, Bellac – 23 March 1905, Paris) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology.wikipedia
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Parinaud's syndrome

pretectal syndrome
He is well known for the medical term Parinaud's syndrome, which is, "A dorsal midbrain lesion such as pinealoma which results in vertical gaze palsy, convergence-retraction nystagmus and light-near dissociation".
It is caused by lesions of the upper brain stem and is named for Henri Parinaud (1844–1905), considered to be the father of French ophthalmology.

Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome

Another medical condition named after him is Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome (fever, papillar conjunctivitis and lymphadenopathy), a rare manifestation of cat scratch disease (caused by the bacteria Bartonella), which he was first to describe.
Both were named after the same person, Henri Parinaud.

A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière

André Brouillet
A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière
The remaining thirteen individuals are (from left to right): Théodule Ribot (1839-1916), psychologist; Georges Guignon (1839-1932), neuropsychiatrist, and one of Charcot's last chief residents; Albert Londe (1858-1917), medical photographer, and chronophotographer (wearing an apron); Léon Grujon Le Bas (1834-1907), chief hospital administrator; Albert Gombault (1844-1904), neurologist and anatomist; Paul Arène (1843-1896), novelist; Jules Claretie (1840-1913), journalist and literary figure; Alfred Joseph Naquet (1834-1916), physician, chemist, and politician; Désiré-Magloire Bourneville (1840-1909), neurologist and politician; Henry Berbez, younger brother of Paul-Adrien Berbez (sitting opposite), and a student of Charcot; Henri Parinaud (1844-1905), ophthalmologist and neurologist; Romain Vigouroux, chief of electrodiagnostics, discoverer of the electrical activity of the skin; and, finally, in the apron, Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1857-1904), neurologist and physician.

Cat-scratch disease

cat scratch diseasecat scratch fevercat-scratch fever
Another medical condition named after him is Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome (fever, papillar conjunctivitis and lymphadenopathy), a rare manifestation of cat scratch disease (caused by the bacteria Bartonella), which he was first to describe.
Symptoms similar to CSD were first described by Henri Parinaud in 1889, and the clinical syndrome was first described in 1950 by Robert Debré.

Bellac

Henri Parinaud (1 May 1844, Bellac – 23 March 1905, Paris) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology.

The Chainsmokers

Paris, FranceParisCity of Paris
Henri Parinaud (1 May 1844, Bellac – 23 March 1905, Paris) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology. His father died when Henri was 19. He went on to study medicine at Limoges, and then in Paris in 1869.

Ophthalmology

ophthalmologistophthalmicoculist
Henri Parinaud (1 May 1844, Bellac – 23 March 1905, Paris) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology.

Neuro-ophthalmology

neuro-ophthalmologicalneuro-ophthalmologisteuro-ophthalmic
Henri Parinaud (1 May 1844, Bellac – 23 March 1905, Paris) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology.

Limoges

Limoges, FranceAugustoritumhistory
His father died when Henri was 19. He went on to study medicine at Limoges, and then in Paris in 1869.

Franco-Prussian War

War of 1870Franco-German WarFranco-Prussian
When the Franco-Prussian War broke out in 1870, he went to serve as a doctor with the Red Cross, where he earned a medal for Unusual Bravery.

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

Red CrossICRMInternational Red Cross
When the Franco-Prussian War broke out in 1870, he went to serve as a doctor with the Red Cross, where he earned a medal for Unusual Bravery.

Optic neuritis

retrobulbar neuritisinflammation of the optic nerveAcute optic neuritis
His thesis for medical school was on optic neuritis in acute meningitis in children, which earned him respect and recognition in the field.

Meningitis

spinal meningitisbacterial meningitiscerebral meningitis
His thesis for medical school was on optic neuritis in acute meningitis in children, which earned him respect and recognition in the field.

Multiple sclerosis

MSdisseminated sclerosisMultiple sclerosis (MS)
His other fields of work included multiple sclerosis, ophthalmoplegic migraine, hysteria, supranuclear lesions, and concomitant squint; all in the realm of neurology.

Hysteria

hystericalhysterichysterics
His other fields of work included multiple sclerosis, ophthalmoplegic migraine, hysteria, supranuclear lesions, and concomitant squint; all in the realm of neurology.

Neurology

neurologistneurologicalneurologic
Henri Parinaud (1 May 1844, Bellac – 23 March 1905, Paris) was a French ophthalmologist and neurologist, most noted for his work in the field of neuro-ophthalmology. His other fields of work included multiple sclerosis, ophthalmoplegic migraine, hysteria, supranuclear lesions, and concomitant squint; all in the realm of neurology.

Nyctalopia

night blindnesscongenital stationary night blindnessnight-blindness
Parinaud also worked in the physiology of vision, where he worked on role of the visual receptors, the light sense, night-blindness, and color vision.

Color vision

colour visioncolor perceptioncolor
Parinaud also worked in the physiology of vision, where he worked on role of the visual receptors, the light sense, night-blindness, and color vision.

Pinealoma

Pineal astrocytoma
He is well known for the medical term Parinaud's syndrome, which is, "A dorsal midbrain lesion such as pinealoma which results in vertical gaze palsy, convergence-retraction nystagmus and light-near dissociation".

Nystagmus

nystagmus, pathologicinvoluntary eye movementsnystagmus, congenital
He is well known for the medical term Parinaud's syndrome, which is, "A dorsal midbrain lesion such as pinealoma which results in vertical gaze palsy, convergence-retraction nystagmus and light-near dissociation".

Conjunctivitis

pink eyepinkeyeblepharoconjunctivitis
Another medical condition named after him is Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome (fever, papillar conjunctivitis and lymphadenopathy), a rare manifestation of cat scratch disease (caused by the bacteria Bartonella), which he was first to describe.

Lymphadenopathy

lymphadenitisenlarged lymph nodesswollen lymph nodes
Another medical condition named after him is Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome (fever, papillar conjunctivitis and lymphadenopathy), a rare manifestation of cat scratch disease (caused by the bacteria Bartonella), which he was first to describe.

Bartonella

bartonella infectionsBartonella sppBartonella'' spp
Another medical condition named after him is Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome (fever, papillar conjunctivitis and lymphadenopathy), a rare manifestation of cat scratch disease (caused by the bacteria Bartonella), which he was first to describe.

Noël Guéneau de Mussy

Two of his better known assistants were ophthalmologist Henri Parinaud (1844–1905) and pediatric surgeon Edouard Francis Kirmisson (1848–1927).