AAF Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
The first F-35 Lightning II of the 33rd Fighter Wing arriving at Eglin AFB
General Henry H. Arnold between 1946 and 1949
General of the Army Henry H. ("Hap") Arnold
An Air Force RQ-4 strategic reconnaissance aircraft
A young Henry Arnold at the second-seat controls of a Wright Model B airplane 1911
USAAF recruitment poster
An Air Force KC-46 Pegasus refuels a C-17A Globemaster III
Colonel Henry Arnold in the War Department in Washington, D.C., April 1918
Tuskegee Airmen War bonds poster
An Air Force A-10 demonstrating close air support at Nellis AFB
Major Henry H. Arnold with the first Liberty V12 aero engine completed
1943 portrait of WAC air controller
Test launch of a LGM-30 Minuteman Intercontinental Ballistic Missile from Vandenberg AFB
Maj. Gen. Mason M. Patrick, Chief of Air Service
AAF Training Command patch
Combined Air Operations Center at Al Udeid Air Base
The court-martial of Billy Mitchell (standing), November 1925.
USAAF recruiting poster
Roundels that have appeared on U.S. military aircraft
1.) 5/1917–2/1918
2.) 2/1918–8/1919
3.) 8/1919–5/1942
4.) 5/1942–6/1943
5.) 6/1943–9/1943
6.) 9/1943–1/1947
7.) 1/1947–
Martin B-10B bomber.
USAAF insignia from July 1943 to January 1947
The SR-71 Blackbird was a Cold War reconnaissance plane.
B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 381st Bomb Group, Eighth Air Force.
B-17G Fortresses of the 306th Bomb Group
The F-117 Nighthawk was a stealth attack aircraft (retired from service in April 2008).
B-29 Superfortress
P-51 Mustang of 361st Fighter Group, 1944
A row of Douglas C-54 Skymasters during the Berlin Airlift in 1949
Marshall (center) and Arnold (right) greeted by General Omar Bradley on Omaha Beach in Normandy, June 12, 1944.
Taylorcraft L-2
Various Air Force personnel pose during the Air Force's 74th birthday celebration at the Pentagon, September 17, 2021.
General of the Army
C-47 of the 438th Troop Carrier Group
Organization of the United States Air Force within the Department of Defense
USAAF AT-6Cs near Luke Field, 1943
25px
UC-64 Norseman
Pararescuemen and a simulated "survivor" watch as an HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter comes in for a landing
General Carl A. Spaatz
U.S. Air Force trainee demonstrating a butt stroke on a strike dummy as part of Basic Military Training.
Medal of Honor recipient Major Richard Bong in Officer's Service Dress
USAF Airmen training at Lackland AFB
Awards ceremony at RAF Debden, April 1944, illustrating varying shades of olive drab and the M-1944 "Ike jacket". Light shade 33 on left, dark shade 51 on right. Trousers are shade 33, khaki shade 1, and drab shade 54. The three combinations at right are "pinks and greens".
A-10 Thunderbolt II ground-attack aircraft
At the AAF School of Air Evacuation at Bowman Field, Ky., student flight nurses learned how to handle patients with the aid of a mock-up fuselage of a Douglas C-47 transport.
B-2 Spirit stealth bomber
Female service dress in OD shade 33 at Randolph Field, 1944
A C-17 Globemaster III, the USAF's newest and most versatile transport plane
USAAF flight crew
E-3 Sentry airborne warning and control system
First Air Force
F-22 Raptor stealth air superiority fighter
Second Air Force
KC-10 Extender tri-jet air-to-air tanker
Third Air Force
An MC-12W Liberty at Beale AFB
Fourth Air Force
MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle
Fifth Air Force
Lockheed U-2 spy plane
Sixth Air Force
RQ-170 Sentinel stealth unmanned aerial vehicle reconnaissance aircraft
Seventh Air Force
VC-25A (Air Force One)
Eighth Air Force
A WC-130J Hercules from the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron
Ninth Air Force
An unarmed Minuteman III ICBM shoots out of the silo during an operational test launch
Tenth Air Force
Eleventh Air Force
Twelfth Air Force
Thirteenth Air Force
Fourteenth Air Force
Fifteenth Air Force
Twentieth Air Force

It was created on 20 June 1941 as successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and is the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force, today one of the six armed forces of the United States.

- United States Army Air Forces

Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps (1938–1941), commanding general of the United States Army Air Forces, the only United States Air Force general to hold five-star rank, and the only officer to hold a five-star rank in two different U.S. military services.

- Henry H. Arnold

Instructed in flying by the Wright Brothers, Arnold was one of the first military pilots worldwide, and one of the first three rated pilots in the history of the United States Air Force.

- Henry H. Arnold

The expected activation of Army General Headquarters prompted Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall to request a reorganization study from Chief of the Air Corps Maj. Gen. Henry H. Arnold resulting on 5 October 1940 in a proposal for creation of an air staff, unification of the air arm under one commander, and equality with the ground and supply forces.

- United States Army Air Forces

In practice, the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) was virtually independent of the Army during World War II, and in virtually every way functioned as an independent service branch, but airmen still pressed for formal independence.

- United States Air Force

General of the Air Force Henry "Hap" Arnold is the only individual in the history of the US Air Force to attain the rank of five-star general.

- United States Air Force
AAF Shoulder Sleeve Insignia

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"Prop and Wings" branch insignia of the Air Service

United States Army Air Service

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"Prop and Wings" branch insignia of the Air Service
Junior Military Aviator wings, 1917–1918
SPAD S.XIII in livery of Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker, 94th Aero Squadron. Note U.S. national insignia painted on wheel hubs.
Nieuport 28 in 95th Aero Squadron markings
U.S. aircraft roundel in Europe, 1918–1919
Goodyear Type R "Caquot" balloon
Formation of DH-4 day bombers
Air Combat – Western Front World War I
Aces Eddie Rickenbacker, Douglas Campbell, and Kenneth Marr of the 94th Aero Squadron pose next to a Nieuport 28.
Curtiss JN-4 trainer
MB-3A of 94th Pursuit Squadron, 1st Pursuit Group
NBS-1 (MB-2) and pursuit in combat practice.
NBS-1s of the 2nd Bomb Group, April 1926
Brig. Gen. Billy Mitchell, Assistant Chief of Air Service, 1920–1925
Maj. Gen. Mason Patrick, Chief of Air Service, 1921–1926
Curtiss R-6 racer, 1922 Pulitzer Trophy winner
LUSAC-11 over McCook Field, Ohio
Capt. Lowell Smith, and Lts. John Richter, Virgil Hine, and Frank Seifert conduct first mid-air refueling, June 27, 1923
Douglas World Cruiser Chicago
2nd Lt. Charles A. Lindbergh, March 1925
Lt Gen. James Doolittle
2d Lt. Quentin Roosevelt
Verville in January 1925

The United States Army Air Service (USAAS) (also known as the "Air Service", "U.S. Air Service" and before its legislative establishment in 1920, the "Air Service, United States Army") was the aerial warfare service component of the United States Army between 1918 and 1926 and a forerunner of the United States Air Force.

On May 3, 1918, Col. Henry H. Arnold, Assistant Director of the DMA, was ordered to put together a daily route for moving mail by airplane between New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. He assigned the task to the Executive Officer for Flying Training, Major Reuben H. Fleet.

Henry Harley Arnold, aviation pioneer; Commanding General of the U. S. Army Air Forces

The first Wright airplane arriving at Ft. Myer, VA, 1 September 1908

Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps

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The first Wright airplane arriving at Ft. Myer, VA, 1 September 1908
1st Lt. Frank Lahm and Orville Wright in the first U.S. Army airplane, S.C. No. 1, July 27, 1909
Crashed Wright Flyer that took the life of Selfridge September 17, 1908
Henry H. Arnold at the controls of a Wright Model B airplane 1911
Captain Charles Chandler (with prototype Lewis Gun) and Lt. Roy Kirtland in a Wright Model B Flyer after the first successful firing of a machine-gun from an aeroplane on June 7, 1912.
<center>Lt. Selfridge</center>
<Center>Lt. Foulois and Orville Wright 1909</center>
<Center>Thomas Dewitt Milling</center>
<center>Henry "Hap" Arnold</center>

The Aeronautical Division, Signal Corps (1907–1914) was the first heavier-than-air military aviation organization in history and the progenitor of the United States Air Force.

While stationed in the Philippines in 1908, 2nd Lieutenant Henry H. Arnold assisted Capt. Arthur S. Cowan (then in the Infantry) in a military mapping detail.

United States Army Air Forces June 20, 1941 – September 18, 1947

United States Army Air Corps

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The aerial warfare service component of the United States Army between 1926 and 1941.

The aerial warfare service component of the United States Army between 1926 and 1941.

United States Army Air Corps Recruiting Poster
Formations of Keystone LB-7s (lower) and Boeing P-12s (upper) on aerial maneuvers over Burbank, California, 1930
O-46A at Wright Field
B-6A of 1st Bomb Squadron, 9th BG, 1935. The dual stripes on the fuselage denote the aircraft of the squadron commander.
P-26A in livery of 19th Pursuit Squadron, 18th PG, Wheeler Field, Hawaii
"Gear down" test flight of the Boeing Y1B-9 bomber in 1932. At the time it was faster than any existing pursuit plane.
Interception of the Rex. The navigator for the mission was 1st Lt. Curtis LeMay.
Douglas C-39 transport
Martin B-12A (variant of the B-10) of 31st Bomb Squadron, 7th BG, Hamilton Field, California
Curtiss A-12 Shrike of the 13th Attack Squadron, 3d AG, Barksdale Field, Louisiana
PT-13, Air Corps primary trainer
O-38F
P-12E of 6th Pursuit Squadron, 18th PG 1935–1938, Wheeler Field, Hawaii
Generals Benjamin D. Foulois, Assistant Chief of Air Corps (left); James E. Fechet, Chief of Air Corps; and H. Conger Pratt, Chief of Materiel Division, in 1931.

The Air Corps became the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) on 20 June 1941, giving it greater autonomy from the Army's middle-level command structure.

The open insurgency between 1920 and 1935 of airmen foreseeing a need for an independent air force in order to develop fully the potential of airpower had cost the careers of two of its near-legendary lights, Foulois and Mitchell, and nearly cost the reputation of two others, Pratt and Henry H. Arnold.

United States Air Force 18 September 1947 – present

Division of Military Aeronautics

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The name of the aviation organization of the United States Army for a four-day period during World War I.

The name of the aviation organization of the United States Army for a four-day period during World War I.

As such, it is recognized by the United States Air Force as the third of its antecedents.

His executive officer was Colonel Henry H. Arnold, who had also held the same position in the former Aviation Section.

United States Army Air Forces: June 20, 1941 – September 18, 1947

US Army Signal Corps coat of arms

Signal Corps (United States Army)

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Branch of the United States Army that creates and manages communications and information systems for the command and control of combined arms forces.

Branch of the United States Army that creates and manages communications and information systems for the command and control of combined arms forces.

US Army Signal Corps coat of arms
Standard Issue Civil War Signal Corps Kit, complete with flags and torches.
Click photo to enlarge for history of the wigwag.
US Army Signal Corps automobile at the Manassas maneuvers in 1904
First military assigned to the Army Signal Corps' ballooning program
World War II recruitment poster (1942)
Radio operator Cpl. John Robbins, 41st Signal, 41st Infantry Division, operating his SCR 188 in a sandbagged hut at Station NYU. Dobodura, New Guinea on 9 May 1943.
Argosy Lemal c. 1940, one of two Australian vessels acquired by the SWPA chief signal officer for the SWPA CP fleet.
SC345199 – Korean War Equipment at Repeater Station, Taegu, Korea. Quad cable terminal on left, testboard on right and center on 1 August 1950.
A Combat Documentation Specialist of the 1108th Signal Brigade documents 10th Mountain Division soldiers as they search a mountainside near Shkin Firebase in late 2003.
The Signal Corps Regimental Color

Its organized components served both the Army Ground Forces and the Army Air Forces.

On 18 December 1958, with Air Force assistance, the Signal Corps launched its first communications satellite, Project SCORE, demonstrating the feasibility of worldwide communications in delayed and real-time mode by means of relatively simple active satellite relays.

Notable members of the Signal Corps include General of the Army (later General of the Air Force) Henry H. Arnold, Frank Capra, John Cheever, Frank Lautenberg, Stan Lee, Russ Meyer, Tony Randall, Jean Shepherd, John C. Holmes, Julius Rosenberg, Darryl Zanuck, Samuel Alito, and Carl Foreman.