Henry II, Duke of Austria

Henry II JasomirgottHenry II of AustriaHenry JasomirgottHenry IIHenry XIDuke Henry II JasomirgottDuke Henry II of AustriaHeinrich IIHeinrich II JasomirgottHenry
Henry II (Heinrich; 1112 – 13 January 1177), called Jasomirgott, a member of the House of Babenberg, was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1140 to 1141, Duke of Bavaria and Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156 (as Henry XI), and the first Duke of Austria from 1156 until his death.wikipedia
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List of Counts Palatine of the Rhine

Elector PalatineCount Palatine of the RhineElector of the Palatinate
Henry II (Heinrich; 1112 – 13 January 1177), called Jasomirgott, a member of the House of Babenberg, was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1140 to 1141, Duke of Bavaria and Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156 (as Henry XI), and the first Duke of Austria from 1156 until his death.

List of rulers of Austria

Archduke of AustriaDuke of AustriaMonarch
Henry II (Heinrich; 1112 – 13 January 1177), called Jasomirgott, a member of the House of Babenberg, was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1140 to 1141, Duke of Bavaria and Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156 (as Henry XI), and the first Duke of Austria from 1156 until his death.

List of rulers of Bavaria

Duke of BavariaElector of BavariaBavaria
Henry II (Heinrich; 1112 – 13 January 1177), called Jasomirgott, a member of the House of Babenberg, was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1140 to 1141, Duke of Bavaria and Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156 (as Henry XI), and the first Duke of Austria from 1156 until his death.

Babenberg

House of BabenbergBabenbergerBabenbergs
Henry II (Heinrich; 1112 – 13 January 1177), called Jasomirgott, a member of the House of Babenberg, was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1140 to 1141, Duke of Bavaria and Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156 (as Henry XI), and the first Duke of Austria from 1156 until his death.
Leopold's brother Henry Jasomirgott (allegedly named after his favourite oath, "So help me God!") was made Count Palatine of the Rhine in 1140, and became Margrave of Austria on Leopold's death in 1141.

Leopold, Duke of Bavaria

Leopold IVLeopold IV, Duke of BavariaLeopold I
When Margrave Leopold III died in 1136, he was succeeded by his third-born son Leopold IV; probably because Henry already administrated the Rhenish possessions of the extinct Salian dynasty.
It is not known why he was originally preferred to his brothers Adalbert and Henry Jasomirgott.

Leopold III, Margrave of Austria

Leopold IIILeopold III of AustriaSaint Leopold
Henry was the second son of Margrave Leopold III of Austria, the first from his second marriage with Agnes of Waiblingen, a sister of the last Salian emperor Henry V.

Conrad of Babenberg

ConradConrad II of Salzburg(Conradus II) Konrad II of Austria
Among Henry's younger brother were Bishop Otto of Freising and Conrad II of Salzburg.
Beginning in 1158, he was involved in a dispute, the so-called Passau Feud (Passauer Fehde), with his brother, Duke Henry II of Austria, over the certain jurisdictional exemptions granted to Henry in the Privilegium minus.

Electoral Palatinate

Electorate of the PalatinatePalatinateCounty Palatine of Lotharingia
In April 1140, the Hohenstaufen king Conrad III of Germany enfeoffed him with the County Palatine of the Rhine, which he ruled only for a short time until being appointed Bavarian duke and Margrave of Austria when his younger brother Leopold IV unexpectedly died in October 1141.
Various noble dynasties competed to be enfeoffed with the Palatinate by the Holy Roman Emperor - among them the House of Ascania, the House of Salm (Count Otto I of Salm in 1040) and the House of Babenberg (Henry Jasomirgott in 1140/41).

Privilegium Minus

his charter by which he elevated Austria to a duchysplit off
A replacement had to be found for the Babenberg family, namely by the Privilegium Minus, by which Frederick elevated Henry's Margraviate of Austria to a duchy with complete independence from Bavaria.
The recipient of the Privilegium Minus was Frederick's paternal uncle, the Babenberg margrave Henry II Jasomirgott.

Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick BarbarossaFrederick I BarbarossaFrederick I
When they suffered a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Dorylaeum against the Seljuk Turks in October, Henry narrowly escaped together with Conrad's nephew, young Frederick Barbarossa.
The duchy of Bavaria was transferred from Henry II Jasomirgott, margrave of Austria, to Frederick's formidable younger cousin Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, of the House of Guelph, whose father had previously held both duchies.

Vienna

Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
Unlike his father, who resided in Klosterneuburg most of the time, Henry moved his residence to Vienna in 1145.
In 1145 Duke Henry II Jasomirgott moved the Babenberg family residence from Klosterneuburg in Lower Austria to Vienna.

Schottenstift

Schottenstift, ViennaScottish AbbeyScottish Benedictine Abbey
In 1155, Henry founded the Schottenstift monastery in Vienna, in the courtyard of which a statue of him stands to this day.
The Schottenstift (Scottish Abbey), formally called Benediktinerabtei unserer Lieben Frau zu den Schotten (Benedictine Abbey of Our Dear Lady of the Scots), is a Roman Catholic monastery founded in Vienna in 1155 when Henry II of Austria brought Irish monks to Vienna.

Duchy of Austria

AustriaAustrianduchy
A replacement had to be found for the Babenberg family, namely by the Privilegium Minus, by which Frederick elevated Henry's Margraviate of Austria to a duchy with complete independence from Bavaria.
Leopold's brother and successor Henry Jasomirgott was enfeoffed with Bavaria in 1141.

Leopold V, Duke of Austria

Leopold V of AustriaLeopold VLeopold of Austria
Leopold was the son of the Austrian duke Henry II Jasomirgott from his second marriage with the Byzantine princess Theodora, a daughter of Andronikos Komnenos, the second eldest son of Emperor John II Komnenos.

Second Crusade

SecondCrusadersCrusade
According to one theory, it is derived from a spoofed Arab word bearing a connection to the Second Crusade where Henry participated in 1147.

Agnes of Austria (1154–1182)

Agnes of AustriaAgnesAgnes of Babenberg
Agnes was the eldest child of the Babenberg duke Henry II of Austria and his second wife, the Byzantine princess Theodora Komnene.

Gertrude of Süpplingenburg

GertrudeGertrude of SupplingenburgGertrude of Supplinburg
In May 1142 he married Gertrude of Supplinburg, the daughter of Emperor Lothair and widow of Henry the Proud.
Henry the Lion himself in turn renounced his succession in the Duchy of Bavaria, which Conrad ceded to the Babenberg margrave Henry II Jasomirgott of Austria.

Henry X, Duke of Bavaria

Henry the ProudHenry XHenry X of Bavaria
Leopold had received the Duchy of Bavaria in 1139, after King Conrad had deposed Duke Henry the Proud in the course of the dispute between the Welf and Hohenstaufen dynasties.
His death left his son Henry the Lion underage who later would be given Saxony, while Henry II, Duke of Austria received Bavaria.

Theodora Komnene, Duchess of Austria

Theodora KomneneTheodoraTheodora Comnena
On their way home, Henry stayed at the court of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos, where he married his niece Theodora in late 1148.
She does not appear in the historical record again until the late 1140s, when she was betrothed to and married Henry II of Austria, whose first wife, Gertrude of Supplingenburg had died in 1143.

Margraviate of Austria

March of AustriaAustriaMargrave of Austria
A replacement had to be found for the Babenberg family, namely by the Privilegium Minus, by which Frederick elevated Henry's Margraviate of Austria to a duchy with complete independence from Bavaria.
When his successor, the last margrave, Henry Jasomirgott, was deprived of Bavaria in 1156, Austria was elevated to a duchy independent from Bavaria by the Privilegium Minus of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa.

Soběslav II, Duke of Bohemia

Soběslav IISoběslav II of BohemiaSobeslaus II
In November 1176, while his Austrian land were campaigned by the forces of Duke Soběslav II of Bohemia, Henry II with his horse fell from a rotten bridge near Melk and suffered a femoral neck fracture.
Soběslav granted a charter to the town of Prague, but he entered into a fight with Henry II, Duke of Austria, in 1175.

Henry the Lion

Henry III ''the LionHenry XII ''the LionHeinrich der Löwe
Elected King of the Romans in 1152, Frederick Barbarossa tried to reach a compromise with the Welfs and endowed the son of the late Henry the Proud, Henry the Lion, with the Bavarian duchy in 1156.

Stephen III of Hungary

Stephen IIIStephenIstván III
Upon his request, Henry Jasomirgott, Duke of Austria, whose wife was Emperor Manuel's niece, mediated an armistice.

Agnes of Waiblingen

Agnes of GermanyAgnesAgnes of Saarbrücken
Henry was the second son of Margrave Leopold III of Austria, the first from his second marriage with Agnes of Waiblingen, a sister of the last Salian emperor Henry V.