Heppner flood of 1903

a flash floodFlood of 1903
The Heppner flood of 1903 was a major flash flood along Willow Creek responsible for destroying a large portion of Heppner, Oregon, United States, on June 14, 1903.wikipedia
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Flash flood

flash floodingflash floodsflash-flood
The Heppner flood of 1903 was a major flash flood along Willow Creek responsible for destroying a large portion of Heppner, Oregon, United States, on June 14, 1903.

Willow Creek Dam (Oregon)

Willow Creek DamWillow Creek Lake
The Willow Creek Dam was completed in 1983 to prevent such a flood in the future.
The flooding creek flow was 36000 cuft/s as a result of a flash flood caused by thunderstorms, known as the Heppner Flood of 1903.

Willow Creek (Columbia River)

Willow Creek
The Heppner flood of 1903 was a major flash flood along Willow Creek responsible for destroying a large portion of Heppner, Oregon, United States, on June 14, 1903.

Heppner, Oregon

Heppner
The Heppner flood of 1903 was a major flash flood along Willow Creek responsible for destroying a large portion of Heppner, Oregon, United States, on June 14, 1903.

Oregon

ORState of OregonOregon, USA
The Heppner flood of 1903 was a major flash flood along Willow Creek responsible for destroying a large portion of Heppner, Oregon, United States, on June 14, 1903.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
The Heppner flood of 1903 was a major flash flood along Willow Creek responsible for destroying a large portion of Heppner, Oregon, United States, on June 14, 1903.

Johnstown Flood

Johnstown Flood of 18891889 Johnstown floodGreat Flood of 1889
and the second deadliest flash flood in the entire United States, behind the 1889 Johnstown Flood and ahead of the 1972 Black Hills Flood.

1972 Black Hills flood

Black Hills floodBlack Hills Flood of 1972a flood
and the second deadliest flash flood in the entire United States, behind the 1889 Johnstown Flood and ahead of the 1972 Black Hills Flood.

Drainage basin

watershedbasincatchment area
Torrential rain and hail began falling on the watersheds of Willow Creek and two of its largest tributaries, Balm Fork and Hinton Creek, by 16:30.

Arid

ariditydryarid region
The region's arid climate and little vegetation coupled with the ground already being wet from a storm three days earlier caused very little water to be absorbed by the soil, and soon the streams were flooding.

Laundry

laundrieslaunderinglaundrywoman
A steam laundry building on the southern edge of Heppner built across Willow Creek acted as a dam when the water arrived, failing under the stress several minutes later.

Structural integrity and failure

structural failurestructural integritycollapse
A steam laundry building on the southern edge of Heppner built across Willow Creek acted as a dam when the water arrived, failing under the stress several minutes later.

Willamette River

WillametteWillamette Fallslower Willamette
more than the average flow of the much larger Willamette River to the west.

Lexington, Oregon

LexingtonLexington (Morrow County)
After the flood inundated Heppner, two of its residents, Les Matlock and Bruce Kelly, rode on horseback to warn the cities of Lexington and Ione, 9 and 18 mi downstream, respectively.

Ione, Oregon

Ione
After the flood inundated Heppner, two of its residents, Les Matlock and Bruce Kelly, rode on horseback to warn the cities of Lexington and Ione, 9 and 18 mi downstream, respectively.

Typhoid fever

typhoidenteric fevertyphoid pneumonia
As a result, at least 18 people died from typhoid fever over the next several months.

Pendleton, Oregon

PendletonPendleton, ORPendelton, Oregon
Pendleton, Oregon photographer Walter S. Bowman captured images of the aftermath.

June 1903

*Heppner flood of 1903: The town of Heppner, Oregon, is nearly destroyed by a cloud burst that resulted in a flash flood that kills an estimated 247 people.

Woman's Club of Topeka

Woman's Club Building
In 1903 after a flood (the Heppner flood of 1903 in Oregon?), the club raised funds for disaster relief.

Columbus Day Storm of 1962

Columbus Day Storm1962 Columbus Day Storma cyclone
In terms of natural disaster-related fatalities for the 20th century, only Oregon's Heppner Flood of 1903 (247 deaths), Washington's Wellington avalanche of 1910 (96 deaths), the Great Fire of 1910 (87 deaths), and Eruption of Mount St. Helens of 1980 (57 deaths) caused more.

Heppner Hotel

A flash flood along Willow Creek destroyed one former hotel in 1903, and fire destroyed the other in 1918.