Herbaceous plant

herbherbaceousherbsherbaceous plantsherblandherbaceous vegetationherbagesubherbaceous herbaceousgrasses
Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.wikipedia
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Perennial plant

perennialperennialsherbaceous perennial
The term is mainly applied to perennials, but in botany it may also refer to annuals or biennials, and include both forbs and graminoids.
Perennials, especially small flowering plants, that grow and bloom over the spring and summer, die back every autumn and winter, and then return in the spring from their rootstock, are known as herbaceous perennials.

Forb

forbsbroadleaf weedsflowering plants
The term is mainly applied to perennials, but in botany it may also refer to annuals or biennials, and include both forbs and graminoids.
A forb (sometimes spelled phorb) is an herbaceous flowering plant that is not a graminoid (grasses, sedges and rushes).

Graminoid

graminoidsgrass speciesgrass-like plants
The term is mainly applied to perennials, but in botany it may also refer to annuals or biennials, and include both forbs and graminoids.
In botany and ecology, graminoid refers to a herbaceous plant with a grass-like morphology, i.e. elongated culms with long, blade-like leaves.

Plant stem

stemstemsinternode
Herbaceous perennial and biennial plants may have stems that die at the end of the growing season, but parts of the plant survive under or close to the ground from season to season (for biennials, until the next growing season, when they flower and die).
Herbaceous – non woody, they die at the end of the growing season.

Peony

peoniesPaeoniapaeony
Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta, mint, most ferns and most grasses.
Most are herbaceous perennial plants 0.25 – tall, but some are woody shrubs 0.25 – tall.

Mentha

mintmint leavesmints
Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta, mint, most ferns and most grasses.
Mints are aromatic, almost exclusively perennial herbs.

Hosta

hostasplantain lilyHosta 'Quaker Lady
Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta, mint, most ferns and most grasses.
Hostas are herbaceous perennial plants, growing from rhizomes or stolons, with broad lanceolate or ovate leaves varying widely in size by species from 1–18 in (3–45 cm) long and 0.75–12 in (2–30 cm) broad.

Shrub

shrubssubshrubbushes
By contrast, non-herbaceous perennial plants are woody plants which have stems above ground that remain alive during the dormant season and grow shoots the next year from the above-ground parts – these include trees, shrubs and vines.
Unlike herbs, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground.

Tree

treessaplingarboreal
By contrast, non-herbaceous perennial plants are woody plants which have stems above ground that remain alive during the dormant season and grow shoots the next year from the above-ground parts – these include trees, shrubs and vines.
Large herbaceous plants such as papaya and bananas are trees in this broad sense.

Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Some herbaceous plants can grow rather large, such as the genus Musa, to which the banana belongs.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

Salt marsh

salt marshessaltmarshcoastal marsh
Others form the main vegetation of many stable habitats, occurring for example in the ground layer of forests, or in naturally open habitats such as meadow, salt marsh or desert.
In the tropics and sub-tropics they are replaced by mangroves; an area that differs from a salt marsh in that instead of herbaceous plants, they are dominated by salt-tolerant trees.

Musa (genus)

MusabananaMusa'' (genus)
Some herbaceous plants can grow rather large, such as the genus Musa, to which the banana belongs.
Thus, they are technically gigantic herbs.

Woody plant

woodywoody plantsligneous
By contrast, non-herbaceous perennial plants are woody plants which have stems above ground that remain alive during the dormant season and grow shoots the next year from the above-ground parts – these include trees, shrubs and vines.
Woody herbs are herbaceous plants that develop hard woody stems.

Herbchronology

Age determination in herbaceous plantsHerbchronologist
The age of some herbaceous perennial plants can be determined by herbchronology, the analysis of annual growth rings in the secondary root xylem.
Herbchronology is the analysis of annual growth rings (or simply annual rings) in the secondary root xylem of perennial herbaceous plants.

Forest

forestsconiferous forestsforested
Others form the main vegetation of many stable habitats, occurring for example in the ground layer of forests, or in naturally open habitats such as meadow, salt marsh or desert.
The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses.

Botany

botanistbotanicalplant biology
Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.

Plant

plantsfloraplant kingdom
Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.

Wood

heartwoodwoodensapwood
Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.

Annual plant

annualannualsannual plants
The term is mainly applied to perennials, but in botany it may also refer to annuals or biennials, and include both forbs and graminoids.

Biennial plant

biennialbiennialsbiennial plants
The term is mainly applied to perennials, but in botany it may also refer to annuals or biennials, and include both forbs and graminoids.

Root

adventitious rootsrootsplant roots
New growth develops from living tissues remaining on or under the ground, including roots, a caudex (a thickened portion of the stem at ground level) or various types of underground stems, such as bulbs, corms, stolons, rhizomes and tubers.

Caudex

caudiciformcaudicescaudiciforms
New growth develops from living tissues remaining on or under the ground, including roots, a caudex (a thickened portion of the stem at ground level) or various types of underground stems, such as bulbs, corms, stolons, rhizomes and tubers.

Underground stem

underground trunksubterraneansubterranean trunk
New growth develops from living tissues remaining on or under the ground, including roots, a caudex (a thickened portion of the stem at ground level) or various types of underground stems, such as bulbs, corms, stolons, rhizomes and tubers.

Bulb

bulbousbulbsbulbous plants
New growth develops from living tissues remaining on or under the ground, including roots, a caudex (a thickened portion of the stem at ground level) or various types of underground stems, such as bulbs, corms, stolons, rhizomes and tubers.

Corm

cormscorm-scalesGabi
New growth develops from living tissues remaining on or under the ground, including roots, a caudex (a thickened portion of the stem at ground level) or various types of underground stems, such as bulbs, corms, stolons, rhizomes and tubers.