Herbaceous plant

herbherbaceousherbsherbaceous plantsherblandherbageherbaceous vegetationsubherbaceousgrassgrasses
Herbaceous plants in botany, frequently shortened to herbs, are vascular plants that have no persistent woody stems above ground.wikipedia
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Perennial plant

perennialperennialsherbaceous perennial
Herbaceous plants are those plants that do not have woody stems, they include many perennials,
Perennials—especially small flowering plants—that grow and bloom over the spring and summer, die back every autumn and winter, and then return in the spring from their rootstock, are known as herbaceous perennials.

Forb

forbsbroadleaf weedsflowering plants
and nearly all annuals and biennials, they include both forbs and graminoids. Herbaceous plants are non-woody vascular plants, which in plant sciences are called herbs, they include grasses and grass-like plants grouped together as graminoids, forbs, and ferns.
A forb or phorb is a herbaceous flowering plant that is not a graminoid (grass, sedge, or rush).

Herb

herbsculinary herbculinary
Herb has other meanings in cooking, medicine, and other fields.
In botany, the word "herb" is used as a synonym for "herbaceous plant".

Shrub

shrubssubshrubbush
By contrast, non-herbaceous vascular plants are woody plants which have stems above ground that remain alive, even during any dormant season, and grow shoots the next year from the above-ground parts – these include trees, shrubs, vines and woody bamboos.
Unlike herbaceous plants, shrubs have persistent woody stems above the ground.

Graminoid

graminoidsgrass speciesgrass-like plants
and nearly all annuals and biennials, they include both forbs and graminoids. Herbaceous plants are non-woody vascular plants, which in plant sciences are called herbs, they include grasses and grass-like plants grouped together as graminoids, forbs, and ferns.
In botany and ecology, graminoid refers to a herbaceous plant with a grass-like morphology, i.e. elongated culms with long, blade-like leaves.

Tree

treessaplingarboreal
By contrast, non-herbaceous vascular plants are woody plants which have stems above ground that remain alive, even during any dormant season, and grow shoots the next year from the above-ground parts – these include trees, shrubs, vines and woody bamboos.
Large herbaceous plants such as papaya and bananas are trees in this broad sense.

Plant stem

stemstemsinternode
Herbaceous perennial and biennial plants may have stems that die at the end of the growing season, but parts of the plant survive under or close to the ground from season to season (for biennials, until the next growing season, when they flower and die).

Peony

peoniesPaeoniaPaeoniaceae
Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta, mint, most ferns and most grasses.
Most are herbaceous perennial plants 0.25 – tall, but some are woody shrubs 0.25 – tall.

Mentha

mintmint leavesmint jelly
Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta, mint, most ferns and most grasses.
Mints are aromatic, almost exclusively perennial herbs.

Hosta

hostasAmerican Hosta Societyplantain lily
Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta, mint, most ferns and most grasses.
Hostas are herbaceous perennial plants, growing from rhizomes or stolons, with broad lanceolate or ovate leaves varying widely in size by species from 1–18 in (3–45 cm) long and 0.75–12 in (2–30 cm) broad.

Grassland

grasslandsgrassveldgrass
Some habitats, like grasslands and prairies and savannas, are dominated by herbaceous plants along with aquatic environments like ponds, streams and lakes.
Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.

Salt marsh

saltmarshsalt marshessalt-marsh
Others form the main vegetation of many stable habitats, occurring for example in the ground layer of forests, or in naturally open habitats such as meadow, salt marsh or desert.
In the tropics and sub-tropics they are replaced by mangroves; an area that differs from a salt marsh in that instead of herbaceous plants, they are dominated by salt-tolerant trees.

Savanna

savannahsavannassavannahs
Some habitats, like grasslands and prairies and savannas, are dominated by herbaceous plants along with aquatic environments like ponds, streams and lakes.
The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses.

Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Some herbaceous plants can grow rather large, such as the genus Musa, to which the banana belongs.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

Musa (genus)

MusabananaAustralimusa
Some herbaceous plants can grow rather large, such as the genus Musa, to which the banana belongs.
Thus, they are technically gigantic herbs.

Herbchronology

Age determination in herbaceous plantsHerbchronologist
The age of some herbaceous perennial plants can be determined by herbchronology, the analysis of annual growth rings in the secondary root xylem.
Herbchronology is the analysis of annual growth rings (or simply annual rings) in the secondary root xylem of perennial herbaceous plants.

Forest

forestsconiferous forestsforested
Others form the main vegetation of many stable habitats, occurring for example in the ground layer of forests, or in naturally open habitats such as meadow, salt marsh or desert.
The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses.

Botany

botanistbotanicalplant biology
Herbaceous plants in botany, frequently shortened to herbs, are vascular plants that have no persistent woody stems above ground.

Vascular plant

vascular plantshigher plantsvascular
Herbaceous plants in botany, frequently shortened to herbs, are vascular plants that have no persistent woody stems above ground.

Wood

heartwoodwoodensapwood
Herbaceous plants in botany, frequently shortened to herbs, are vascular plants that have no persistent woody stems above ground.

Annual plant

annualannualsannual plants
and nearly all annuals and biennials, they include both forbs and graminoids.

Biennial plant

biennialbiennialsbiennial plants
and nearly all annuals and biennials, they include both forbs and graminoids.

Lignin

lignifiedlignificationlignins
Herbaceous plants most often are low growing plants, relative to woody plants like trees, and tend to have soft green stems that lack lignification and their above-ground growth is ephemeral and often seasonal in duration.

Ephemerality

ephemeralephemeral riverephemera
Herbaceous plants most often are low growing plants, relative to woody plants like trees, and tend to have soft green stems that lack lignification and their above-ground growth is ephemeral and often seasonal in duration.

Fern

PolypodiopsidafernsPolypodiophyta
Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta, mint, most ferns and most grasses. Herbaceous plants are non-woody vascular plants, which in plant sciences are called herbs, they include grasses and grass-like plants grouped together as graminoids, forbs, and ferns.