Heroin

diamorphinediacetylmorphinesmackheroin traffickingjunkbabaniadiacetylmorphine (heroin)diacetylmorphine/heroindiamorphine (heroin)dope
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.wikipedia
2,547 Related Articles

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug usedrugs
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
What controlled substances are considered illegal drugs varies by country, but usually includes methamphetamines, heroin, cocaine, LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, MDMA and club drugs.

Opioid

opioidsopioid analgesicendogenous opioids
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
As of 2015, increased rates of recreational use and addiction are attributed to over-prescription of opioid medications and inexpensive illicit heroin.

Opioid use disorder

heroin addictionopioid addictionheroin addict
After a history of long-term use, withdrawal symptoms can begin within hours of last use.
Opioids include substances such as heroin, morphine, fentanyl, codeine, oxycodone, and hydrocodone.

Morphine

morphiamorphine addictionmorphine sulfate
When given by injection into a vein, heroin has two to three times the effect as a similar dose of morphine.
About 70 percent of morphine is used to make other opioids such as hydromorphone, oxymorphone, and heroin.

Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961Schedule IUN conventions
Internationally, heroin is controlled under Schedules I and IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.
Earlier treaties had only controlled opium, coca, and derivatives such as morphine, heroin and cocaine.

Fentanyl

fentanyl citratefentanyl intranasalfentanyl, cocaine
When compared to the opioids hydromorphone, fentanyl, oxycodone, and pethidine (meperidine), former addicts showed a strong preference for heroin and morphine, suggesting that heroin and morphine are particularly susceptible to abuse and addiction.
Fentanyl is also made illegally and used as a recreational drug, often mixed with heroin or cocaine.

Hydromorphone

dilaudiddihydromorphinonedilaudide
When compared to the opioids hydromorphone, fentanyl, oxycodone, and pethidine (meperidine), former addicts showed a strong preference for heroin and morphine, suggesting that heroin and morphine are particularly susceptible to abuse and addiction.
When the powder has appeared on the street, this very small volume of powder needed for a dose means that overdoses are likely for those who mistake it for heroin or other powdered narcotics, especially those that have been cut (diluted) prior to consumption.

Naltrexone

naltrexone hydrochlorideNaltrexone (1967)Vivitrex
Medications can include buprenorphine, methadone, or naltrexone.
Long-acting injectable naltrexone decreases heroin use more than placebo.

Naloxone

NarcaninjectionNaloxone (1961)
A heroin overdose may be treated with naloxone.
It is included as a part of emergency overdose response kits distributed to heroin and other opioid drug users and emergency responders.

Heroin-assisted treatment

heroin maintenanceHeroin Assisted Treatmentdiamorphine maintenance
Diamorphine may be used as a maintenance drug to assist the treatment of opiate addiction, normally in long-term chronic intravenous (IV) heroin users.
Heroin-assisted treatment, or diamorphine assisted treatment, refers to the prescribing of synthetic, injectable heroin to opiate addicts who do not benefit from or cannot tolerate treatment with one of the established drugs used in opiate replacement therapy like methadone or buprenorphine (brand name Subutex).

Controlled Drugs and Substances Act

Schedule IVSchedule ISchedule 1
On August 26, 2016 Health Canada issued regulations amending prior regulations it had issued under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act; the "New Classes of Practitioners Regulations", the "Narcotic Control Regulations", and the "Food and Drug Regulations", to allow doctors to prescribe diamorphine to people who have a severe opioid addiction who have not responded to other treatments.
10) Diacetylmorphine (heroin)

Drug policy

drugs policydrugdrug policies
Though this is somewhat controversial among proponents of a zero-tolerance drug policy, it has proven superior to methadone in improving the social and health situations of addicts.
For example, heroin is regulated almost everywhere; substances such as qat, codeine are regulated in some places, but not others.

Tim Buckley

Tim
Examples include the overdose deaths of Sid Vicious, Janis Joplin, Tim Buckley, Hillel Slovak, Layne Staley, Bradley Nowell, Ted Binion, and River Phoenix.
He died at the age of 28 from a heroin overdose, leaving behind his sons Taylor and Jeff Buckley, the latter of whom went on to become a musician as well.

Cocaine

cokecocaine traffickingcrack
In 1964 the Brain Committee recommended that only selected approved doctors working at approved specialised centres be allowed to prescribe diamorphine and benzoylmethylecgonine (cocaine) to users.
An injected mixture of cocaine and heroin, known as "speedball" is a particularly dangerous combination, as the converse effects of the drugs actually complement each other, but may also mask the symptoms of an overdose.

Oxycodone

OxyContinEukodolpain killers
When compared to the opioids hydromorphone, fentanyl, oxycodone, and pethidine (meperidine), former addicts showed a strong preference for heroin and morphine, suggesting that heroin and morphine are particularly susceptible to abuse and addiction.
Since then heroin and fentanyl are more common causes of drug related deaths.

Sid Vicious

SidJohn BeverleyJohn Beverly
Examples include the overdose deaths of Sid Vicious, Janis Joplin, Tim Buckley, Hillel Slovak, Layne Staley, Bradley Nowell, Ted Binion, and River Phoenix.
He died in 1979 after overdosing on heroin.

Subcutaneous injection

subcutaneoussubcutaneouslyunder the skin
Under the generic name diamorphine, heroin is prescribed as a strong pain medication in the United Kingdom, where it is administered via subcutaneous, intramuscular, intrathecal or intravenously.
Subcutaneous injections are highly effective in administering vaccines and medications such as insulin, morphine, diacetylmorphine and goserelin.

Buprenorphine

SuboxonesubutexBuprenorphrine
Medications can include buprenorphine, methadone, or naltrexone.
Occasionally it is used recreationally instead of heroin.

Bradley Nowell

Brad Nowell
Examples include the overdose deaths of Sid Vicious, Janis Joplin, Tim Buckley, Hillel Slovak, Layne Staley, Bradley Nowell, Ted Binion, and River Phoenix.
Throughout the band's career, Nowell struggled with a worsening addiction to heroin.

Hillel Slovak

SlovakHillel
Examples include the overdose deaths of Sid Vicious, Janis Joplin, Tim Buckley, Hillel Slovak, Layne Staley, Bradley Nowell, Ted Binion, and River Phoenix.
During his career, Slovak developed a serious heroin addiction.

Drug prohibition law

controlled drugdrug controlcontrolled drugs
It is generally illegal to make, possess, or sell heroin without a license.
Addiction to a prohibited drug may not be considered a legitimate reason for using it, even if the drug is obtained from a licensed source, or a substitute may be provided, for example, methadone instead of heroin.

Drug injection

intravenous drugintravenous drug useinjecting drug user
Injection, also known as "slamming", "banging", "shooting up", "digging" or "mainlining", is a popular method which carries relatively greater risks than other methods of administration.
It also bypasses first-pass metabolism in the liver, resulting in higher bioavailability and efficiency for many drugs (such as morphine or diacetylmorphine/heroin; roughly two-thirds of which is destroyed in the liver when consumed orally) than oral ingestion would.

Rolleston Committee

system of heroin maintenance since the 1920sUK Departmental Committee on Morphine and Heroin Addiction
The UK Department of Health's Rolleston Committee Report in 1926 established the British approach to diamorphine prescription to users, which was maintained for the next 40 years: dealers were prosecuted, but doctors could prescribe diamorphine to users when withdrawing.
In 1924, following concerns about the treatment of addicts by doctors, Smith Whitaker suggested to the Home Office who suggested to the Ministry of Health Departmental Committee on Morphine and Heroin Addiction be formed under the chairmanship of Sir Humphry Rolleston to "... consider and advise as to the circumstances, if any, in which the supply of morphine and heroin (including preparations containing morphine and heroin) to persons suffering from addiction to those drugs may be regarded as medically advisable, and as to the precautions which it is desirable that medical practitioners administering or prescribing morphine or heroin should adopt for the avoidance of abuse, and to suggest any administrative measures that seem expedient for securing observance of such precautions".

Harold Shipman

Dr Harold ShipmanDr. Harold ShipmanHarold Shipman inquiry
The serial killer Harold Shipman used diamorphine on his victims, and the subsequent Shipman Inquiry led to a tightening of the regulations surrounding the storage, prescribing and destruction of controlled drugs in the UK. John Bodkin Adams is also known to have used heroin as a murder weapon.
Grundy's body was exhumed and when examined, was found to contain traces of diamorphine (heroin), often used for pain control in terminal cancer patients.

John Bodkin Adams

Dr John Bodkin AdamsDr. John Bodkin Adamsthe doctor
The serial killer Harold Shipman used diamorphine on his victims, and the subsequent Shipman Inquiry led to a tightening of the regulations surrounding the storage, prescribing and destruction of controlled drugs in the UK. John Bodkin Adams is also known to have used heroin as a murder weapon.
When told they were looking for, "Morphine, Heroin, Pethidine and the like", Adams was surprised: "Oh, that group. You will find none here. I haven't any. I very seldom ever use them", he said.