High Middle Ages

high medievalHighhigh medieval periodGothichigh mediaevalmedievalMiddle AgesHigh Medieval Agehigh medieval erahigh-medieval
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 and lasted until around 1300.wikipedia
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Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and were followed by the Late Middle Ages, which ended around 1500 (by historiographical convention).
The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

Late Middle Ages

late medievallate medieval periodlate mediaeval
The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and were followed by the Late Middle Ages, which ended around 1500 (by historiographical convention).
The Late Middle Ages followed the High Middle Ages and preceded the onset of the early modern period (and in much of Europe, the Renaissance).

Early Middle Ages

early medievalEarlyearly medieval period
The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and were followed by the Late Middle Ages, which ended around 1500 (by historiographical convention).
As such the concept overlaps with Late Antiquity, following the decline of the Western Roman Empire, and precedes the High Middle Ages (c.

Renaissance of the 12th century

twelfth-century Renaissance12th-century Renaissance12th century Renaissance
Key historical trends of the High Middle Ages include the rapidly increasing population of Europe, which brought about great social and political change from the preceding era, and the Renaissance of the 12th century, including the first developments of rural exodus and of urbanization.
The Renaissance of the 12th century was a period of many changes at the outset of the High Middle Ages.

History of Europe

European historyModern European historyEurope
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 and lasted until around 1300.
Eastern Europe in the High Middle Ages was dominated by the rise and fall of the Mongol Empire.

Gothic architecture

GothicGothic styleLate Gothic
In architecture, many of the most notable Gothic cathedrals were built or completed around this period.
Gothic architecture (Latin: francigenum opus) is a style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

Georgian Golden Age

Golden AgeGeorgian Renaissanceits Golden Age
David's decisive victory in the Battle of Didgori (1121) against the Seljuk Turks, as a result of which Georgia recaptured its lost capital Tbilisi, marked the beginning of the Georgian Golden Age.
The Georgian Golden Age describes a historical period in the High Middle Ages, spanning from roughly the late 11th to 13th centuries, during which the Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its power and development.

Cnut the Great

CnutCanute the GreatCanute
King Cnut of Denmark ruled over both England and Norway.
Norse sources of the High Middle Ages, most prominently Heimskringla by Snorri Sturluson, also give a Polish princess as Cnut's mother, whom they call Gunhild and a daughter of Burislav, the king of Vindland.

Seljuk Empire

SeljukGreat Seljuq EmpireSeljuq
During the successful reign of King David IV of Georgia (1089–1125), Kingdom of Georgia grew in strength and expelled the Seljuk Empire from its lands.

Medieval demography

Europe's populationdemographicEuropean population
Key historical trends of the High Middle Ages include the rapidly increasing population of Europe, which brought about great social and political change from the preceding era, and the Renaissance of the 12th century, including the first developments of rural exodus and of urbanization.
During the High Middle Ages, many forests and marshes were cleared and cultivated.

Reconquista

ReconquestChristian reconquestreconquered
The Christian kingdoms took much of the Iberian Peninsula from Muslim control, and the Normans conquered southern Italy, all part of the major population increases and the resettlement patterns of the era.
In the High Middle Ages, the fight against the Moors in the Iberian Peninsula became linked to the fight of the whole of Christendom.

Periodization

periodperiodisationhistorical epochs
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 and lasted until around 1300.
It can be sub-divided into the Early, High and Late Middle Ages.

Knight

knighthoodknightedknights
Household heavy cavalry (knights) became common in the 11th century across Europe, and tournaments were invented.
During the High Middle Ages, knighthood was considered a class of lower nobility.

Venice

VenetianVenice, ItalyVenezia
These were in particular the thalassocracies of Pisa, Amalfi, Genoa and Venice.
The city was one of the largest in Europe in the High Middle Ages, with a population of 60,000 in AD 1000; 80,000 in 1200; and rising up to 110,000–180,000 in 1300.

Tournament (medieval)

tournamenttournamentstourney
Household heavy cavalry (knights) became common in the 11th century across Europe, and tournaments were invented.
Documentation of equestrian practice during the 9th to 10th centuries is still sparse, but it is clear that the tournament, properly so called, is a development of the High Middle Ages.

Duns Scotus

John Duns ScotusScotusDoctor Subtilis
Prominent opponents of various aspects of the scholastic mainstream included Duns Scotus, William of Ockham, Peter Damian, Bernard of Clairvaux, and the Victorines.
He is one of the three most important philosopher-theologians of Western Europe in the High Middle Ages, together with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham.

Kingdom of Georgia

GeorgiaGeorgianGeorgian Kingdom
During the successful reign of King David IV of Georgia (1089–1125), Kingdom of Georgia grew in strength and expelled the Seljuk Empire from its lands.
The Kingdom of Georgia brought about the Georgian Golden Age, which describes a historical period in the High Middle Ages, spanning from roughly the late 11th to 13th centuries, when the kingdom reached the zenith of its power and development.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Later, the Mongol invasion in the 13th century had great impact on the east of Europe, as many countries of the region were invaded, pillaged, conquered and/or vassalized.
The period between the year 1000 and 1300 is known as the High Middle Ages, during which the population of Europe experienced significant growth, culminating in the Renaissance of the 12th century.

Christian mysticism

Christian mysticmysticmysticism
They opposed Christian mysticism, and the Platonist-Augustinian belief that the mind is an immaterial substance.
The High Middle Ages saw a flourishing of mystical practice and theorization corresponding to the flourishing of new monastic orders, with such figures as Guigo II, Hildegard of Bingen, Bernard of Clairvaux, the Victorines, all coming from different orders, as well as the first real flowering of popular piety among the laypeople.

Fatimid Caliphate

FatimidFatimidsFatimid dynasty
They were conducted under papal authority with the intent of reestablishing Christian rule in The Holy Land by taking the area from the Muslim Fatimid Caliphate.
960 – 1279)), eventually determined the economic course of Egypt during the High Middle Ages.

Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas AquinasAquinasSaint Thomas Aquinas
The rediscovery of the works of Aristotle, at first indirectly through Medieval Jewish and Islamic Philosophy, led Maimonides, Avicenna, Muhammad Averroes, Thomas Aquinas and other thinkers of the period to expand Scholasticism, a combination of Judeo-Islamic and Catholic ideologies with the ancient philosophy.

Bosnian Church

BosnianBosnian hereticsPatarenes
While Bosnia remained nominally Catholic in the High Middle Ages, the Bishop of Bosnia was a local cleric chosen by Bosnians and then sent to the Archbishop of Ragusa solely for ordination.

Holy Roman Empire

ImperialHoly Roman EmperorGermany
Germany was under the banner of the Holy Roman Empire, which reached its high-water mark of unity and political power.
From the High Middle Ages onwards, the Holy Roman Empire was marked by an uneasy coexistence with the princes of the local territories who were struggling to take power away from it.

Transylvania

TransylvanianTransilvaniaSiebenbürgen
After Muslim forces captured the Holy Lands, the order moved to Transylvania in 1211 and later, after being expelled, invaded pagan Prussia with the intention of Christianizing the Baltic region.
Alba Iulia is a city located on the Mureş River in Alba County, and since the High Middle Ages, the city has been the seat of Transylvania's Roman Catholic diocese.

Troubadour

troubadourstroubadortroubadors
At the same time southern France gave birth to Occitan literature, which is best known for troubadours who sang of courtly love.
A troubadour (, ; trobador ) was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100–1350).