Bayeux Tapestry depicting the Battle of Hastings during the Norman Conquest
The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.
Petrarch conceived of the idea of a European "Dark Age" which later evolved into the tripartite periodization of Western history into Ancient, Post-classical and Modern.
Miniature representing the delivery of the fortress of Uclés to the Master of Order of Santiago in 1174
A late Roman sculpture depicting the Tetrarchs, now in Venice, Italy
France in the 12th century. The Angevin Empire held the red, pink and orange territories.
Barbarian kingdoms and tribes after the end of the Western Roman Empire
King Saint Stephen I of Hungary.
A coin of the Ostrogothic leader Theoderic the Great, struck in Milan, Italy, c. AD 491–501
Poland under the rule of Duke Mieszko I between c. 960 - 992
A mosaic showing Justinian with the bishop of Ravenna (Italy), bodyguards, and courtiers.
The Pontic steppes, c. 1015
Reconstruction of an early medieval peasant village in Bavaria
After the successful siege of Jerusalem in 1099, Godfrey of Bouillon, leader of the First Crusade, became the first ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
An 11th-century illustration of Gregory the Great dictating to a secretary
Cathars being expelled from Carcassonne in 1209
Map showing growth of Frankish power from 481 to 814
A map of medieval universities and major monasteries with library in 1250
Charlemagne's palace chapel at Aachen, completed in 805
Detail of a portrait of Hugh de Provence (wearing spectacles), painted by Tommaso da Modena in 1352
10th-century Ottonian ivory plaque depicting Christ receiving a church from Otto I
Ships of the world in 1460, according to the Fra Mauro map.
A page from the Book of Kells, an illuminated manuscript created in the British Isles in the late 8th or early 9th century
Fresco from the Boyana Church depicting Emperor Constantine Tikh Asen. The murals are among the finest achievements of the Bulgarian culture in the 13th century.
Medieval French manuscript illustration of the three classes of medieval society: those who prayed (the clergy) those who fought (the knights), and those who worked (the peasantry). The relationship between these classes was governed by feudalism and manorialism. (Li Livres dou Sante, 13th century)
Interior of Nôtre Dame de Paris
13th-century illustration of a Jew (in pointed Jewish hat) and the Christian Petrus Alphonsi debating
John the Apostle and Marcion of Sinope in an Italian illuminated manuscript, painting on vellum, 11th century
Europe and the Mediterranean Sea in 1190
Musicians playing the Spanish vihuela, one with a bow, the other plucked by hand, in the Cantigas de Santa Maria of Alfonso X of Castile, 13th century
The Bayeux Tapestry (detail) showing William the Conqueror (centre), his half-brothers Robert, Count of Mortain (right) and Odo, Bishop of Bayeux in the Duchy of Normandy (left)
Men playing the organistrum, from the Ourense Cathedral, Spain, 12th century
Krak des Chevaliers was built during the Crusades for the Knights Hospitallers.
The cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris, whose construction began in 1163, is one of the finer examples of the High Middle Ages architecture
A medieval scholar making precise measurements in a 14th-century manuscript illustration
Portrait of Cardinal Hugh of Saint-Cher by Tommaso da Modena, 1352, the first known depiction of spectacles
The Romanesque Church of Maria Laach, Germany
The Gothic interior of Laon Cathedral, France
Francis of Assisi, depicted by Bonaventura Berlinghieri in 1235, founded the Franciscan Order.
Sénanque Abbey, Gordes, France
Execution of some of the ringleaders of the jacquerie, from a 14th-century manuscript of the Chroniques de France ou de St Denis
Map of Europe in 1360
Joan of Arc in a 15th-century depiction
Guy of Boulogne crowning Pope Gregory XI in a 15th-century miniature from Froissart's Chroniques
Clerics studying astronomy and geometry, French, early 15th century
Agricultural calendar, c. 1470, from a manuscript of Pietro de Crescenzi
February scene from the 15th-century illuminated manuscript Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
Medieval illustration of the spherical Earth in a 14th-century copy of L'Image du monde
The early Muslim conquests
Expansion under Muhammad, 622–632
Expansion during the Rashidun Caliphate, 632–661
Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750

The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that lasted from around AD 1000 to the 1300s.

- High Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and were followed by the Late Middle Ages, which ended around AD 1500 (by historiographical convention).

- High Middle Ages

The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

- Middle Ages

Tripartite periodisation became standard after the 17th-century German historian Christoph Cellarius divided history into three periods: ancient, medieval, and modern.

- Middle Ages

The term Middle Ages also derives from Petrarch.

- Periodization

It can be sub-divided into the Early, High and Late Middle Ages.

- Periodization
Bayeux Tapestry depicting the Battle of Hastings during the Norman Conquest

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From the Apocalypse in a Biblia Pauperum illuminated at Erfurt around the time of the Great Famine. Death sits astride a lion whose long tail ends in a ball of flame (Hell). Famine points to her hungry mouth.

Late Middle Ages

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From the Apocalypse in a Biblia Pauperum illuminated at Erfurt around the time of the Great Famine. Death sits astride a lion whose long tail ends in a ball of flame (Hell). Famine points to her hungry mouth.
France in the late 15th century: a mosaic of feudal territories
Silver mining and processing in Kutná Hora, Bohemia, 15th century
Ruins of Beckov Castle in Slovakia
Ottoman miniature of the siege of Belgrade in 1456
Battle of Aljubarrota between Portugal and Castile, 1385
Peasants preparing the fields for the winter with a harrow and sowing for the winter grain. The background shows the Louvre castle in Paris, c. 1410; October as depicted in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
Jan Hus
European output of manuscripts 500–1500. The rising trend in medieval book production saw its continuation in the period.
Urban dwelling house, late 15th century, Halberstadt, Germany.
Dante by Domenico di Michelino, from a fresco painted in 1465
A musician plays the vielle in a fourteenth-century Medieval manuscript.
Peasants in fields
Joan of Arc
Charles I

The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from AD 1250 to 1500.

The Late Middle Ages followed the High Middle Ages and preceded the onset of the early modern period (and in much of Europe, the Renaissance).

The changes brought about by these developments have led many scholars to view this period as the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of modern history and of early modern Europe.