Higher education

Harvard University, an Ivy League university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, routinely ranks as the best, or one of the best, institutions of higher learning in the world.
Deakin University, one of Australia's 43 universities
Mean financial wealth of US families by education of the head of household, 1989-2010
Mean income of US families by education of the head of household, 1989-2010
Courtyard, Al-Qarawiyyin University, Fes, Morocco
University of Bologna, located in Bologna, Italy, is the oldest university created under that name in the world.<ref>Top Universities World University Rankings Retrieved 2010-1-6</ref><ref>Our History - Università di Bologna</ref><ref>{{cite book |url =https://books.google.com/books?id=wyjnHZ1IIlgC&q=the+oldest+university+in+the+world+Bologna&pg=PA18 |title = The Challenge of Bologna |author= Paul L. Gaston |year=2010|page=18|isbn=978-1-57922-366-3 }}</ref>
Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, located in Mexico City, Mexico, was the first and oldest European school of higher learning in the Americas<ref>{{cite book|url=https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/101392426|title=The first college in America: Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco.|location=Washington DC|year=1936|author1=Steck|author2=Francis Borgia}}</ref> and the first and oldest major school of interpreters and translators in the New World.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.openedition.org/uop/336?lang=es|title=The Imperial College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco|author=Lourdes Arencibia Rodriguez}}</ref>
The University of Pennsylvania considers itself the first institution in the United States of America to use the term "university" in its name.
The University of Cambridge is an institution of higher learning in Cambridge, United Kingdom.
McGill University is an institution of higher learning in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and one of two Canadian members of the Association of American Universities.
The Moscow State University is an institution of higher learning in Moscow, Russia.
The Jeffersonian architecture of Tsinghua University, an institution of higher learning in Beijing, China.
The University of Tokyo is an institution of higher learning in Tokyo, Japan.
The University of São Paulo is an institution of higher learning in São Paulo, Brazil.

Tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree.

- Higher education

500 related topics



The University of Bologna in Italy, founded in 1088, is often regarded as the world's oldest university in continuous operation
Harvard University, founded in 1636, is the oldest university in the United States and is routinely ranked among the world's best universities
Moroccan higher-learning institution Al-Qarawiyin (founded in 859 A.D.) was transformed into a university under the supervision of the ministry of education in 1963.
Meeting of doctors at the University of Paris. From a medieval manuscript.
The University of Oxford is the oldest university in the United Kingdom and among the world's top ranked
The University of St Andrews, founded in 1410, is Scotland's oldest university and one of the UK's best ranked universities.
Old main building of the University of Basel—Switzerland's oldest university (1460). The university is among the birthplaces of Renaissance humanism
17th-century classroom at the University of Salamanca
King's College London, established by Royal Charter having been founded by King George IV and Duke of Wellington in 1829, is one of the founding colleges of the University of London.
Peking University in Beijing was founded as the Imperial University of Peking
The University of Sydney is Australia's oldest university.
The University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia in the United States was founded in 1819 by American founding father Thomas Jefferson

A university is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in several academic disciplines.

Right to education

Syrian Refugee students, Lebanon, 2015
Girl student in Mogadishu
A student teaching other students in Mogadishu
The 4As
The multiple benefits of education
Manila Science High School in Manila, Philippines
Geography in Montessori Early Childhood at QAIS
U.S. soldiers and school children at the Regional Institute of Active Learning in Bahrain
Girls' school in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, 2015.
Malala Yousafzai, activist for female education
Distribution of free textbooks to children in a school in Assam

The right to education has been recognized as a human right in a number of international conventions, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which recognizes a right to free, compulsory primary education for all, an obligation to develop secondary education accessible to all with the progressive introduction of free secondary education, as well as an obligation to develop equitable access to higher education, ideally by the progressive introduction of free higher education.

Continuing education

All-encompassing term within a broad list of post-secondary learning activities and programs.

In 1969, Empire State College, a unit of the State University of New York, was the first institution in the US to exclusively focus on providing higher education to adult learners.


The School of Athens, fresco by Raphael (1509–1510), of an idealized academy
Nalanda, ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India from 427 to 1197
The modern Academy of Athens, next to the University of Athens and the National Library forming 'the Trilogy', designed by Schinkel's Danish pupil Theofil Hansen, 1885, in Greek Ionic, academically correct even to the polychrome sculpture.
Åbo Akademi, an academy building designed by Charles Bassi, was built on 1833 in Turku, Finland.
A map outlining the academies overseeing education in France.
Professors and newly conferred doctors of philosophy posing at a Worcester Polytechnic Institute graduation.

An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary or tertiary higher learning, research, or honorary membership.

Postgraduate education

The enrollment of some students in the University of Bologna.

Postgraduate education (graduate education in North America) involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.

Undergraduate education

Education conducted after secondary education and before postgraduate education.

Liberal arts colleges such as Pomona College (pictured) generally offer exclusively undergraduate education.
Federal University of Ceará
The University of Virginia
The University of Hong Kong
The University of Madras
The University of the Punjab

In some other educational systems, undergraduate education is postsecondary education up to the level of a master's degree; this is the case for some science courses in Britain and some medicine courses in Europe.

Institute of technology

Institution of tertiary education (such as a university or college) that specializes in engineering, technology, applied science, and natural sciences.

Students at the Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria
Founding decree of the Czech Technical University in Prague from January 18, 1707
Lecture at the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, CTU in Prague
Cape Peninsula University of Technology was composed of two former technikons and other smaller independent colleges
University of Vocational Technology Sri Lanka
Students from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Istanbul Technical University Suleyman Demirel Cultural Center, Istanbul.
Yıldız Technical University, located in Beşiktaş district of Istanbul.
Statue of Tree of Science by the main entrance to Middle East Technical University campus in Ankara.
A-1 Building, İzmir Institute of Technology Teknopark, Izmir.
Entrance of mechanical engineering department, Karadeniz Technical University, located in Trabzon.

In several countries, like Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Turkey and Taiwan, institutes of technology are institutions of higher education and have been accredited to award academic degrees and doctorates.

Tertiary education

Educational level following the completion of secondary education.

Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution: Helsinki University of Technology
Percentage of 25-29-year-olds who have completed at least four years of tertiary education, by wealth, selected countries, 2008-2014
Deakin University, one of Australia's 43 universities
The University of Pennsylvania, an American research university
Federal Polytechnic, Nekede in Owerri, Nigeria.

Higher education is taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, while vocational education beyond secondary education is known as further education in the United Kingdom, or included under the category of continuing education in the United States.

Secondary education

Secondary education or post-primary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.

GCED for the rule of law learning outcomes at the secondary level

Secondary education typically takes place after six years of primary education and is followed by higher education, vocational education or employment.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (GA) on 16 December 1966 through GA. Resolution 2200A (XXI), and came in force from 3 January 1976.

Parties and signatories to the ICESCR:

Article 13 of the Covenant recognises the right of everyone to free education (free for the primary level only, and "the progressive introduction of free education" for the secondary and higher levels).