A report on Highland

Glen Affric in the Scottish Highlands.

Highlands or uplands are areas of high elevation such as a mountainous region, elevated mountainous plateau or high hills.

- Highland
Glen Affric in the Scottish Highlands.

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Satellite image of the Tibetan Plateau between the Himalyan mountains to the south and the Taklamakan Desert to the north

Plateau

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Satellite image of the Tibetan Plateau between the Himalyan mountains to the south and the Taklamakan Desert to the north
The Pajarito Plateau in New Mexico is an example of a volcanic plateau.
Road to the ALMA’s Operations Support Facility and then on further to the Chajnantor Plateau at 5000 meters above sea level.

In geology and physical geography, a plateau, also called a high plain or a tableland, is an area of a highland consisting of flat terrain that is raised sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side.

Map showing the main granite outcrops of the Cornubian batholith in southwest England and the gravity anomaly associated with it

Dartmoor

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Map showing the main granite outcrops of the Cornubian batholith in southwest England and the gravity anomaly associated with it
Panorama of some better known Dartmoor tors in snow
High Willhays with Yes Tor behind
River Erme at Ivybridge
Aune Mire, the source of the River Avon
Inside Wistman's Wood in summer
Beardown Man, Dartmoor
Ancient cross close to Crazywell Pool
Jay's Grave
The clapper bridge at Postbridge
Dartmoor Hill pony on Dartmoor
A typical Dartmoor tor close to Haytor

Dartmoor is an upland area in southern Devon, England.

Northern England and adjoining areas, showing the general extent of the Pennines

Pennines

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Northern England and adjoining areas, showing the general extent of the Pennines
Scenery in the Forest of Bowland
Stanage Edge in the Peak District
Croasdale Fell, Forest of Bowland
Kinder Downfall, a waterfall on Kinder Scout, Dark Peak
Limestone scenery: Thor's Cave, Staffordshire, from the Manifold Way. Limestone is common in the White Peak and Yorkshire Dales, making those areas distinct from other parts of the Pennines.
A prehistoric settlement on Harkerside Moor in Swaledale
The Pennines are traversed by several passes, mostly aligned with major rivers.
A train in British Rail blue about to enter the western portal of Woodhead 3, shortly before closure in 1981
The National Parks of England and Wales; two include areas of the Pennines, those marked as 7 and 1
England, Wales and Northern Ireland AONBs. The Pennines host three, with a large one protecting the North Pennines.
Shooting of red grouse is an economically important activity in the Pennines.

The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of uplands running between three regions of Northern England: North West England on the west, and North East England and Yorkshire and the Humber on the east.

The official "Exmoor Flag", unveiled at the West Somerset Railway Station in Minehead on 29 October 2014

Exmoor

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Loosely defined as an area of hilly open moorland in west Somerset and north Devon in South West England.

Loosely defined as an area of hilly open moorland in west Somerset and north Devon in South West England.

The official "Exmoor Flag", unveiled at the West Somerset Railway Station in Minehead on 29 October 2014
The Exmoor coastline near the Valley of Rocks
The East Lyn River
Horner Woods, Exmoor, in winter
Tarr steps clapper bridge.
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Dunster Yarn Market (a covered market for the sale of local cloth, built in 1609) and Dunster Castle, Exmoor
Caddow Combe, near Foreland Point, representative of much of Exmoor's unimproved landscape
Dunkery Beacon, with heather in bloom
A herd of Exmoor pony foals
Exmoor landscape

The Exmoor National Park is primarily an upland area with a dispersed population living mainly in small villages and hamlets.

Great Dividing Range sign on the Kings Highway between Braidwood and Bungendore, New South Wales

Great Dividing Range

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Cordillera system in eastern Australia consisting of an expansive collection of mountain ranges, plateaus and rolling hills, that runs roughly parallel to the east coast of Australia and forms the fifth-longest land-based mountain chain in the world, and the longest entirely within a single country.

Cordillera system in eastern Australia consisting of an expansive collection of mountain ranges, plateaus and rolling hills, that runs roughly parallel to the east coast of Australia and forms the fifth-longest land-based mountain chain in the world, and the longest entirely within a single country.

Great Dividing Range sign on the Kings Highway between Braidwood and Bungendore, New South Wales
The Snowy Mountains alpine region
Mt Feathertop viewed from Smoko
Some of the most spectacular waterfalls in Australia, such as Dangar Falls at Dorrigo, New South Wales, are located along the Great Dividing Range.
A number of scenic railways, such as this ome at Scenic World, Katoomba, climb various shorter routes along the range
The Great Dividing Range, as seen from near Mount Hotham, Victoria
The view from the peak of Mount Feathertop, facing north-east, showing the Fainters and other mountains

The Dividing Range does not consist of a single continuous mountain chain, but is rather a combined complex (cordillera) of mountain ranges, plateaus, hilly upland areas and escarpments with an ancient and complex geological history.

Nigeria

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Country in West Africa.

Country in West Africa.

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Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
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1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Climate map of Nigeria
Palm plantation in Delta State
Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Innoson vehicles
Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Substation in Abuja
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
The Abuja National Mosque
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
A hospital in Abuja
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

To the southwest of the Niger is a "rugged" highland.

Cantabria

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Autonomous community in northern Spain with Santander as its capital city.

Autonomous community in northern Spain with Santander as its capital city.

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Cabo Mayor and entrance to the harbor, Santander
La Hermida
Panorama of the gateway to Alisas, in the municipio of Riotuerto, Cantabria
The source of the Asón River
Grassland in Valdáliga
Hills and ria typical of a landscape from the maritime region
Panorama of the Cantabrian mountains to the left and the port city of Santander in the distant right. The peak Alto de Brenas in Riotuerto has a height of 579 metres.
Brañas, or mountain prairies in the municipality of Arenas de Iguña. Tordías Peak is 968 metres high.
Natural and national parks in Cantabria: 
1. Picos de Europa National Park
2. Collados del Asón Natural Park
3. Dunas de Liencres Natural Park
4. Macizo de Peña Cabarga Natural Park
5. Oyambre Natural Park
6. Saja-Besaya Natural Park
7. Santoña, Victoria and Joyel Marshes Natural Park
Population pyramid for Cantabria for 2006 from the municipal planning authority.
Demographic map showing centres of population in 2005.
Language groups of Pre-Roman Iberia
Cantabria during the Cantabrian Wars. This map shows the borders of the Cantabrian territory relative to modern Cantabria as well as the different tribes who inhabited it, the neighboring towns, and geographic features with their Latin names.
Borders of the Duchy of Cantabria
Battle of La Rochelle. Castilian army, formed by Cantabrians from the Brotherhood of the Four Cities, defeated the English army, getting the control of the English Channel for the Crown of Castile.
Brotherhood of the Four Cities, antecedent to the Cantabrian region and the main Castilian port at the time.
A statue in Santander erected in honor of Cantabrian artillery captain Pedro Velarde y Santillán, hero of the Spanish war of independence, who died 2 May 1808, during the uprising against the French occupation of Madrid.
Cantabria products treemap, 2020
Banco Santander headquarters, in Paseo de Pereda, Santander
Parayas airport, located in the municipality of Camargo, 5 km from Santander
Altamira Cave paintings, made by Cro-Magnons.
One of the many paleolithic paintings in the Cave of La Pasiega
International University Menéndez Pelayo. Palacio de la Magdalena. Venue for the summer courses of the UIMP (Santander). It also was a seasonal residence for kings of Spain.
La Vijanera in Silió
Trainera regatta at the Santander bay
Santander Sports Palace: a basketball game featuring the local team, the Cantabria Lobos (wolves).
Marcelino Menéndez Pelayo
Party and Baton of Laredo (Province of Cantabria)
Merindad of Campoo (Province of Toro).
Map of the municipalities and comarcas of Cantabria
Asón and Agüera valleys.
Besaya Valley.
Campoo.
Western coast of Cantabria.
Eastern coast of Cantabria.
Liébana.
Saja and Nansa valleys.
Bay of Santander.
Trasmiera.
Valles Pasiegos.

Thus, Cantabrian could mean "people who live in the rocks" or "highlanders", a reference to the steep and mountainous territory of Cantabria.

A rural Ozarks scene. Phelps County, Missouri

Ozarks

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Physiographic region in the U.S. states of Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma and the extreme southeastern corner of Kansas.

Physiographic region in the U.S. states of Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma and the extreme southeastern corner of Kansas.

A rural Ozarks scene. Phelps County, Missouri
The Saint Francois Mountains, viewed here from Knob Lick Mountain, are the exposed geologic core of the Ozarks.
Elevation map of the Ozarks
Grey dolomite laid down c. 500 mya nonconformally overlies reddish rhyolite that formed close to 1500 mya in the St. Francois Mountains.
Outcrop of Roubidoux sandstone along a bluff in Douglas County, Missouri
Big Spring, the largest freshwater spring in the Ozarks, discharges 304 e6USgal of water per day into the Current River.
Canoers on the Current River in the Ozark National Scenic Riverways
Roark Bluff on the Buffalo National River
View of the Ozarks from Ha Ha Tonka State Park on Lake of the Ozarks, Camden County, Missouri
CCC lookout on White Rock Mountain, Franklin County, Arkansas
The first public school in Jasper County, Missouri
Artist's Point, located along the Boston Mountains Scenic Loop in Crawford County, Arkansas

The Ozarks cover nearly 47,000 mi2, making it the most extensive highland region between the Appalachians and Rockies.

Papua New Guinea

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Country in Oceania that comprises the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia (a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia).

Country in Oceania that comprises the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia (a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia).

Kerepunu women at the marketplace of Kalo, British New Guinea, 1885
Female gable image,, Oceanic art in the Bishop Museum.
British annexation of southeast New Guinea in 1884
New Guinea from 1884 to 1919. Germany and Britain controlled the eastern half of New Guinea.
Australian forces attack Japanese positions during the Battle of Buna–Gona, 7 January 1943.
Australian patrol officer in 1964
APEC 2018 in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinean children, men and women show their support for putting an end to violence against women during a White Ribbon Day march
Map of Papua New Guinea
Mount Tavurvur
Papua New Guinea's highlands
A tree-kangaroo in Papua New Guinea
A proportional representation of Papua New Guinea exports, 2019
The Ok Tedi Mine in southwestern Papua New Guinea
The language families of Papua New Guinea, according to Timothy Usher
The language families in Ross's conception of the Trans-New Guinea language family. The affiliation of some Eastern branches is not universally accepted.
Huli wigman from the Southern Highlands
Bilum bag from Goroka, Eastern Highlands Province
A resident of Boga-Boga, a village on the southeast coast of mainland Papua New Guinea
Asaro Mudmen
A 20th-century wooden Abelam ancestor figure (nggwalndu)

A spine of mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, runs the length of the island of New Guinea, forming a populous highlands region mostly covered with tropical rainforest, and the long Papuan Peninsula, known as the 'Bird's Tail'.

Thai highlands

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Mountainous natural region in the north of Thailand.

Mountainous natural region in the north of Thailand.

Akha hut in the hills near Chiang Rai
Doi Phu Chi Fa, Amphoe Wiang Kaen, Chiang Rai province.

The highlands in the north of Thailand are characterized by a pattern of generally steep hill ranges, intermontane basins and alluvial gorges.