Highland Land League

land struggle
The first Highland Land League (Dionnasg an Fhearainn) emerged as a distinct political force in Scotland during the 1880s, with its power base in the country's Highlands and Islands.wikipedia
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Crofters Party

CrofterCroftersIndependent Liberal & Crofters Party
As many crofters in the Scottish Highlands newly qualified as £10 occupiers, the Act empowered Scottish Gaels to form the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League.
The Crofters' Party was the parliamentary arm of the Highland Land League.

Scottish Highlands

HighlandsHighlandHighlanders
As many crofters in the Scottish Highlands newly qualified as £10 occupiers, the Act empowered Scottish Gaels to form the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League.
The religious change energised the crofters and separated them from the landlords; it helped prepare them for their successful and violent challenge to the landlords in the 1880s through the Highland Land League.

Croft (land)

croftcrofterscrofts
The protests included rent strikes and land occupations (which came to be known as land raids) by crofters, cottars and squatters.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom created the Crofters' Act 1886, after the Highland Land League had gained seats in that parliament.

Rent strike

Rent StrikesGlasgow Rent Strike of 1915
The protests included rent strikes and land occupations (which came to be known as land raids) by crofters, cottars and squatters.
Highland Land League Scotland 1880s

Highland Clearances

clearancesclearedclearance
By the 1880s the common people or peasantry of the Highlands and Islands had been cleared from large areas of their ancestral lands, the clearances (known as the Highland Clearances) having occurred during the decades following the Battle of Culloden in 1746.
The Highland Land League eventually achieved land reform in the enactment of the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886, but these could not bring economic viability and came too late, at a time when the land was already suffering from depopulation.

Irish National Land League

Land LeagueIrish Land LeagueLand Leaguer
It was known also as the Highland Land Law Reform Association and the Crofters' Party. It was consciously modelled on the Irish Land League.
*Highland Land League

Highland Potato Famine

potato famineHighlandspotato famine of 1846
In addition, in the 1880s, the Highlands and Islands were recently ravaged by the potato famine of the mid 19th century.
There was also unrest among the crofters and formation of a Highland Land League which took its inspiration from the Irish Land League.

Representation of the People Act 1884

Third Reform Act18841884 Reform Act
The 1880s were also a time, however, of growing democracy and of government which was increasingly responsive to public opinion, particularly after the electoral reform Act of 1884.
Their votes led to the formation of the Crofters' Party and Highland Land League, and eventually the passage of the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886, which addressed many of their grievances and put an end to the Highland Clearances.

John Macdonald Cameron

At Wick Burghs John Macdonald Cameron was also allied with the Crofters Party.
A committed land reformer, he had been nominated by the Wick Radical Workingmen's Association and supported by the Highland Law Reform Association and appears to have been sympathetic to the Crofters Party.

Napier Commission

Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Condition of Crofters and Cottars in the Highlands and IslandsNapier Report
The government responded in 1883 with a commission of enquiry headed by Francis Napier, and the Napier Commission published recommendations in 1884.
Evidence from crofters exhibited remarkably consistent rhetoric, and there were accusations of coaching from the Highland Land League.

Charles Fraser-Mackintosh

Charles Fraser MackintoshFraser-Mackintosh
In 1884 protest action was much more widespread, many thousands of crofters became members of the Highland Land League and among MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1885 there were Crofters' Party MPs elected by the constituencies of Argyllshire (Donald Horne Macfarlane), Inverness-shire (Charles Fraser-Mackintosh), Ross and Cromarty (Roderick Macdonald) and Caithness (Gavin Brown Clark).
He was returned unopposed in 1886, but opposing Home Rule for Ireland, he joined the Liberal Unionist Party, and lost the support of the local Highland Land League.

Wick Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

Wick BurghsWick District of BurghsWick District
At Wick Burghs John Macdonald Cameron was also allied with the Crofters Party.
*Cameron was supported by the Highland Land League, and ally of the Crofter MPs.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
The first Highland Land League (Dionnasg an Fhearainn) emerged as a distinct political force in Scotland during the 1880s, with its power base in the country's Highlands and Islands.

Highlands and Islands

North of ScotlandHighlandHighland and Island
The first Highland Land League (Dionnasg an Fhearainn) emerged as a distinct political force in Scotland during the 1880s, with its power base in the country's Highlands and Islands.

Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of Parliament
The Highland Land League was successful in getting Members of Parliament (MPs) elected in 1885 (in the 1885 general election).

Election

electionselectedelectoral
The Highland Land League was successful in getting Members of Parliament (MPs) elected in 1885 (in the 1885 general election).

1885 United Kingdom general election

1885 general election1885general election of 1885
The Highland Land League was successful in getting Members of Parliament (MPs) elected in 1885 (in the 1885 general election).

Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act 1886

Crofters' ActCrofters' Holdings (Scotland) ActCrofter's Holding Act
As a parliamentary force, it was dissipated by the Crofters' Act of 1886 and by the way the Liberal Party was seen to adopt Land League objectives.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
As a parliamentary force, it was dissipated by the Crofters' Act of 1886 and by the way the Liberal Party was seen to adopt Land League objectives.

Direct action

non-violent direct actiondirect actionsdirect-action
The Land League also used direct action protest tactics and the use of these tactics was to reappear in the early 20th century.

Cotter (farmer)

cottarcottercotters
The protests included rent strikes and land occupations (which came to be known as land raids) by crofters, cottars and squatters.

Squatting

squattersquatterssquat
The protests included rent strikes and land occupations (which came to be known as land raids) by crofters, cottars and squatters.

Scottish Gaelic

GaelicScottishScots Gaelic
This Gaelic saying or proverb is usually translated as The people are mightier than a lord.

Peasant

peasantspeasantrycampesinos
By the 1880s the common people or peasantry of the Highlands and Islands had been cleared from large areas of their ancestral lands, the clearances (known as the Highland Clearances) having occurred during the decades following the Battle of Culloden in 1746.

Battle of Culloden

CullodenCulloden BattlefieldJacobite defeat at Culloden
By the 1880s the common people or peasantry of the Highlands and Islands had been cleared from large areas of their ancestral lands, the clearances (known as the Highland Clearances) having occurred during the decades following the Battle of Culloden in 1746.