Himachal Pradesh

Bathu ki Ladi Temples, near Maharana Pratap Sagar in Kangra are believed to be constructed by Pandavas
Topographic map of Himachal Pradesh. Most of the state is mountainous.
Tributary of Chandra, Lahaul and Spiti, from Rohtang Pass (elev. 3,980 m, 13,058 ft)
Indian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) in Kullu
Black bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus)
High Court of Himachal Pradesh
Town Hall in Shimla
The Mall Road is the central business district of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh's capital city.
Terrace farming is the most common form of agricultural practice in the state.
Apple blossoms in Manali, Himachal Pradesh
Tea gardens in Dharamsala
Paragliding in Bir Billing.
Khirganga is one of the most popular treks in Himachal.
Gaggal Airport
Kalka-Shimla Railway
Kangra Valley Railway
NH 5 in Himachal Pradesh
A man in Kullu, wearing a traditional Himachali cap.
A village in Mandi district
Kibber Village, Spiti
Gaddi nomads
Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla
Indian Institute of Advanced Study at Shimla
IIT Mandi campus, Jan '20

State in the northern part of India.

- Himachal Pradesh

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State in the northern part of India.

Rope bridge across Alaknanda River at Srinagar, 1784-94 – the capital of the Garhwal Kingdom
Fort of Champawat, 1815 – the first capital of the Chand kings of Kumaon Kingdom
Uttarakhand as a part of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces
Uttarakhand as a part of Uttar Pradesh, 1950–2000
With the elevation of 7816 m above sea level, Nanda Devi is the highest mountain in Uttarakhand and the second-highest mountain in India, following Kangchenjunga in Sikkim.
With the elevation of 190 m above sea level, Sharda Sagar Reservoir is the lowest land point in Uttarakhand.
Topography of Uttarakhand.
Kumaon and Garhwal in Uttarakhand
Sumitranandan Pant Museum, Kausani
Bal Mithai, a popular sweet from Kumaon
Women performing Chanchari – a popular folk dance from Danpur region in Kumaon.
Pilgrims gather for the third Shahi Snan ("royal bath") at Har Ki Pauri in Haridwar, Uttarakhand on 14 April 2010 during Haridwar Kumbh Mela.
A woman winnowing rice, an important food crop in Uttarakhand.
Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun
Schematic tourist map of Uttarakhand.
Garhwal Himalaya mountain range in Kedarnath, Uttarakhand.
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium in Dehradun.
Mahasu Devta Temple at Hanol is notable for its traditional wooden architecture.
Architectural details of a Dharamshala, established 1822, Haridwar.
Abhisarika Nayika, a painting by Mola Ram.
The releasing of the Uttaranchal crafts map
Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster)
Golden Mahseer (Tor putitora)
Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
West Himalayan Common Peacock (Papilio bianor polyctor)
Brahma Kamal (Saussurea obvallata)
Burans (Rhododendron arboreum)
Kaphal (Myrica esculenta)
Kandali (Urtica dioica)
Valley of Flowers National Park
View of a Bugyal (meadow) in Uttarakhand
Har Ki Doon, a high-altitude hanging valley
Rishikesh view and 13 stories Shiva temple across Lakshman Jhula bridge over the Ganges
Kedarnath Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas

It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north; the Sudurpashchim Province of Nepal to the east; the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west.

Union territory

Type of administrative division in the Republic of India.

The six zones of India

Part C states, which were chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, each governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India. The ten Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Cutch, Manipur, Tripura and Vindhya Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh

State in northern India.

A part of the Gangetic Plain
Monsoon clouds over Indirapuram
Divisions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivion by population in the world. The red area has a smaller population than Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature.
Logo of Uttar Pradesh Police, the largest police force in the world.
Sown saplings of rice in a paddy; located in the rich fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, agriculture is the largest employment generator in the state.
IT premise in Noida, which is known for infrastructure and services, as well as high-end housing complexes.
A section of Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway
Indian field hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand
Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow.
JRHU is the world's first school for the handicapped
Central Drug Research Institute, an autonomous multidisciplinary research institute
Kumbh Mela 2013 at Sangam, Allahabad
The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata
Kathak dancer performing
Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar Holi
Uttar Pradeshi thali with naan, sultani dal, raita, and shahi paneer
Paan (betel leaves) being served with silver foil
Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti
A hybrid nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) showing nectar spur, found mainly in Hardoi district
View of the Terai region
The threatened Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian found in the Ganges River

The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and an international border with Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast.


Large multi-component cluster of castes, kin bodies, and local groups, sharing social status and ideology of genealogical descent originating from the Indian subcontinent.

Chohan Rajputs, Delhi (1868)
Rajputs of Central India
During their centuries-long rule, the Rajputs constructed several palaces. Shown here is the Junagarh Fort in Bikaner, Rajasthan, which was built by the Rathore Rajput rulers
A royal Rajput procession, depicted on a mural at the Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur
Karni Mata, Hindu Goddess primarily worshipped by Rajputs
The Rajput bride, illustration in The Oriental Annual, or Scenes of India (1835)
Rajputs of Udaipur playing the game of Puchesee.
An 18th-century Rajput painting by the artist Nihâl Chand.

These areas include Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat, Eastern Punjab, Western Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Sindh.


Indian state located in the northern part of the country.

Harsha Ka Tila mound west of Sheikh Chilli's Tomb complex, with ruins from the reign of 7th century ruler Harsha.
Portrait of Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, who fought and won across North India from the Punjab to Bengal, winning 22 straight battles.
Map of British Punjab province; Haryana formed the southeastern areas of the province
A mustard field in Haryana, near the state capital of Chandigarh
Yamuna River near the Haryana Border
Kaushalya Dam
Ten Lok Sabha constituencies in Haryana
A Shopping Mall in Gurugram
Green farms in Haryana
Larsen & Toubro Office at Faridabad.
The headquarters of DLF Limited, India's largest real estate company, in Gurgaon, Haryana.
Admin map of Haryana with RTO codes
Delhi Faridabad Skyway
ESIC Medical College, Faridabad
Saina Nehwal, Badminton player from Hisar, Haryana

It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, by Rajasthan to the west and south, while river Yamuna forms its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh.


Kali Bari Temple, dedicated to Shyamala Mata (an incarnation of goddess Kali)
Shri Hanuman Jakhu (Statue) located on the premises of Jakhu Temple
The bridge connecting Shimla with Chhota Shimla, originally erected in 1829 by Stapleton Cotton, Shimla, the 1850s
19th-century sketch of the ancient Jakhu Temple
Passenger train on the Kalka-Shimla Railway route
Entrance of the Crowborough Rest House built in 1921
Simla and Jutogh, 1911 map
Seven Hills of Shimla shown via the map.
Dusk at Shimla.
Shimla's Mall road after fresh snowfall in winter
Shimla's "Lower Bazaar" in a photograph taken between 1887 and 1889
National Academy of Audits and Accounts, Yarrows
Town Hall as seen from The Ridge
Statue of Rani Laxmi Bai.
Jakhu Temple, Shri Hanuman statue
Christ Church on a rainy day
Skating at Simla, c. 1905
Jakhu Temple in 1910
A folk celebration in Shimla
Public library on The Ridge
Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla
Inter State Bus Terminal at Tutikandi, Shimla
National Highway 22 connects Shimla to the city of Chandigarh.
Aircraft at Shimla Airport
Shimla railway station

Shimla (also known as Simla, the official name until 1972) is the capital and the largest city of the Northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.

States and union territories of India

Federal union comprising 28 states and 8 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.

Administrative divisions of India in 1951

Himachal Pradesh,

Kangra district

Kangra is the most populous district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.

Western Himalayas

The Western Himalayas refers to the western half of the Himalayas, in northern Pakistan and northwestern India.

Nanga Parbat in Gilgit-Baltistan is the ninth-highest mountain on earth. In the traditional definition of the Himalayas to be lying between the Indus and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra rivers, it is the western anchor of the entire range, around which the Indus river skirts.
The Baspa river, a major glacier-fed Himalayan tributary of the Sutlej, flowing through Kinnaur.
An Apple orchard near Manali, Himachal Pradesh.

The Chenab river originates in Himachal Pradesh near Chandra Taal and forms the Lahaul Valley in the state and the Chenab Valley in neighbouring Jammu before entering the plains near Akhnoor.

Indian Himalayan Region

Indian Himalayan
Region (IHR)

The Indian Himalayan Region (abbreviated to IHR) is the section of the Himalayas within India, spanning seven Indian states and union territories, namely Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh.