Himalayas

HimalayaHimalayanHimalayan MountainsHimalaya MountainsHimalayan RangeHimalayan foothillsHimalayan regionthe HimalayasHimalaya RangeKumaon Himalaya
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.wikipedia
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Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepali
The range has many of Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest (Nepal/China). The Himalayas are inhabited by 52.7 million people, and are spread across five countries: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and Pakistan. In the middle of the great curve of the Himalayan mountains lie the peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna in Nepal, separated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
It is located mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

Andes

AndeanAndes MountainsAndean region
By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia (Aconcagua, in the Andes) is 6961 m tall.
The Andes also have the 2nd most elevated highest peak of any mountain range, only behind the Himalayas.

Eight-thousander

eight-thousanders8,000-metreeight thousanders
The Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7200 m in elevation, including ten of the fourteen 8,000-metre peaks.
All eight-thousanders are located in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges in Asia, and their summits are in the death zone.

Nanga Parbat

Rupal FaceNanga ParvatBeyal
Its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of Indus river.
Located in the Diamer District of Pakistan’s Gilgit Baltistan region, Nanga Parbat is the western anchor of the Himalayas.

Indian subcontinent

IndiasubcontinentIndian
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

Himalayan states

five countriesHimalayan stateHimalayan state of India
The Himalayas are inhabited by 52.7 million people, and are spread across five countries: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and Pakistan.
The Himalayan states are a group of countries straddling the Himalayan mountain range in Asia.

Tibetan Plateau

Qinghai-Tibet PlateauQinghai-Tibetan PlateauQinghai–Tibet Plateau
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
The plateau is bordered to the south by the inner Himalayan range, to the north by the Kunlun Mountains, which separate it from the Tarim Basin, and to the northeast by the Qilian Mountains, which separate the plateau from the Hexi Corridor and Gobi Desert.

Indo-Gangetic Plain

Gangetic PlainGangetic plainsGanges Plain
Towards the south the arc of the Himalaya is ringed by the very low Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The plain is bound on the north by the Himalayas, which feed its numerous rivers and are the source of the fertile alluvium deposited across the region by the two river systems.

Ganges

GangaGanges RiverGanga River
The Hindu Kush range in Afghanistan and Hkakabo Razi in Myanmar are normally not included, but they are both (with the addition of Bangladesh) part of the greater Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) river system; some of the world's major rivers – the Indus, the Ganges and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra – rise in the Himalayas, and their combined drainage basin is home to roughly 600 million people.
The 2525 km river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India and Bangladesh, eventually emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

Hindu Kush

HindukushHindu-KushHindu Kush Mountains
The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges.
It forms the western section of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region (HKH) and is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram and the Himalayas.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The range has many of Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest (Nepal/China). The Himalayas are inhabited by 52.7 million people, and are spread across five countries: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and Pakistan.
Han involvement in Central Asia and Sogdia helped establish the land route of the Silk Road, replacing the earlier path over the Himalayas to India.

Karakoram

Karakoram RangeKarakoram MountainsKarakorum
The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges.
It is the second highest mountain range in the world and part of the complex of ranges including the Pamir Mountains, the Hindu Kush and the Himalayan Mountains.

List of highest mountains on Earth

List of highest mountainshighest mountainHighest Mountains of the World
The Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7200 m in elevation, including ten of the fourteen 8,000-metre peaks.
Almost all mountains in the list are located in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges to the south and west of the Tibetan plateau.

Geology of Nepal

Lesser HimalayasMain Frontal ThrustTibetan Himalayas
The Himalayas consist of parallel mountain ranges: the Sivalik Hills on the south; the Lower Himalayan Range; the Great Himalayas, which is the highest and central range; and the Tibetan Himalayas on the north.
The geology of Nepal is dominated by the Himalaya, the highest, youngest and a very highly active mountain range.

Sivalik Hills

Shivalik HillsSiwalik HillsShivalik
The Himalayas consist of parallel mountain ranges: the Sivalik Hills on the south; the Lower Himalayan Range; the Great Himalayas, which is the highest and central range; and the Tibetan Himalayas on the north.
The Sivalik Hills, also known as Churia Hills, are a mountain range of the outer Himalayas that stretches from the Indus River about 2400 km eastwards close to the Brahmaputra River.

Hkakabo Razi

Hkakabo Razi National ParkNorthern Mountain
The Hindu Kush range in Afghanistan and Hkakabo Razi in Myanmar are normally not included, but they are both (with the addition of Bangladesh) part of the greater Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) river system; some of the world's major rivers – the Indus, the Ganges and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra – rise in the Himalayas, and their combined drainage basin is home to roughly 600 million people.
It is located in the northern Myanmar state of Kachin in an outlying subrange of the Greater Himalayan mountain system near the border tri-point with India and China.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
The Caucasus and Himalaya mountains and the Karakum and Gobi deserts formed barriers that the steppe horsemen could cross only with difficulty.

Kathmandu

Kathmandu, NepalKathmandu Metropolitan CityKatmandu
To the south of these lies Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal and the largest city in the Himalayas.
The valley is historically termed as "Nepal Mandala" and has been the home of Newar people, a cosmopolitan urban civilization in the Himalayas foothills.

Manaslu

Mt Manaslu
To the east of Annapurna are the 8000 m peaks of Manaslu and across the border in Tibet, Shishapangma.
It is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal.

Annapurna Massif

AnnapurnaAnnapurna IAnnapurna Himal
In the middle of the great curve of the Himalayan mountains lie the peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna in Nepal, separated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
Annapurna (Sanskrit, Nepali, Newar: अन्नपूर्णा) is a massif in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes one peak over 8000 m, thirteen peaks over 7000 m, and sixteen more over 6000 m. The massif is 55 km long, and is bounded by the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west, the Marshyangdi River on the north and east, and by Pokhara Valley on the south.

Mount Everest

EverestMt. EverestMt Everest
The range has many of Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest (Nepal/China). Further east is the Mahalangur Himal with four of the world's six highest mountains, including the highest: Cho Oyu, Everest, Lhotse and Makalu.
Mount Everest (Nepali: Sagarmatha सगरमाथा; Tibetan: Chomolungma ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ; Chinese: Zhumulangma 珠穆朗玛) is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.

Mahalangur Himal

MahalangurMahalungur
Further east is the Mahalangur Himal with four of the world's six highest mountains, including the highest: Cho Oyu, Everest, Lhotse and Makalu.
Mahālangūr Himāl (महालङ्गूर हिमाल, Mahālaṅgūra himāla) is a section of the Himalayas in northeast Nepal and south-central Tibet of China extending east from the pass Nangpa La between Rolwaling Himal and Cho Oyu, to the Arun River.

Kali Gandaki Gorge

GandakiKali GandakiKali Gandaki valley
In the middle of the great curve of the Himalayan mountains lie the peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna in Nepal, separated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
The Kali Gandaki Gorge or Andha Galchi is the gorge of the Kali Gandaki (or Gandaki River) in the Himalayas in Nepal.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
The Himalayas are inhabited by 52.7 million people, and are spread across five countries: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and Pakistan.
These dual processes, driven by convection in the Earth's mantle, both created the Indian Ocean and caused the Indian continental crust eventually to under-thrust Eurasia and to uplift the Himalayas.

Chinese language

ChineseChinese:Regional dialect
The mountains are known as the Himālaya in Nepali and Hindi (both written ), the Himalaya or 'The Land of Snow' in Tibetan, the Himāliyah Mountain Range (undefined) in Urdu and the Ximalaya Mountain Range (undefined) in Chinese.
Linguists classify all varieties of Chinese as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family, together with Burmese, Tibetan and many other languages spoken in the Himalayas and the Southeast Asian Massif.