Hindu Kush

HindukushHindu-KushHindu Kush MountainsHindukush MountainsCaucasus Indicus Hindu Kush RangeHind kushHindiHindou KoushHindu Kush mountain range
The Hindu Kush (Pashto and Persian: هندوکش,meaningHindu frontier or frontier of the Hindus in Persian; ), also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus or Paropamisadae, is an 800 km mountain range that stretches through Afghanistan, from its centre to northern Pakistan and into Tajikistan and China.wikipedia
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Pamir Mountains

PamirsPamirPamir Plateau
It forms the western section of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region (HKH) and is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram and the Himalayas.
The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia, at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, Hindu Kush, Suleman and Hindu Raj ranges.

Indus River

IndusIndus ValleySindhu
It divides the valley of the Amu Darya (the ancient Oxus) to the north from the Indus River valley to the south.
Originating in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar, the river runs a course through Ladakh towards the Gilgit-Baltistan region Hindukush ranges, and then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh.

Afghanistan

AfghanIslamic Republic of AfghanistanAfghans
The Hindu Kush (Pashto and Persian: هندوکش,meaningHindu frontier or frontier of the Hindus in Persian; ), also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus or Paropamisadae, is an 800 km mountain range that stretches through Afghanistan, from its centre to northern Pakistan and into Tajikistan and China.
The Mauryans controlled the area south of the Hindu Kush until they were overthrown in about 185 BCE.

Himalayas

HimalayaHimalayanHimalayan Mountains
It forms the western section of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region (HKH) and is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram and the Himalayas.
The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges.

South Asia

SouthSouth AsianSouthern Asia
The range and communities settled in it hosted ancient monasteries, important trade networks, and travellers between Central Asia and South Asia.
Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush.

Kabul River

KabulRiver KabulKubha
Towards its southern end, it connects with the Spin Ghar Range near the Kabul River. The Chiantar, Kurambar, and Terich glaciers are amongst the most extensive in the Hindu Kush and the meltwater from these glaciers form the Kunar River, which eventually flows south into Afghanistan and joins the Bashgal, Panjshir, and eventually the much smaller Kabul River.
The Kabul River (undefined; ), the classical Cophes, is a 700 km long river that emerges in Maidan Wardak Province in the Sanglakh Range of the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan, and is separated from the watershed of the Helmand River by the Unai Pass.

Karakoram

Karakoram RangeKarakoram MountainsKarakorum
It forms the western section of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region (HKH) and is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakoram and the Himalayas.
It is the second highest mountain range in the world and part of the complex of ranges including the Pamir Mountains, the Hindu Kush and the Himalayan Mountains.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Khyber-PakhtunkhwaNorth-West Frontier ProvinceNorth West Frontier Province
The range has numerous high snow-capped peaks, with the highest point being Tirich Mir or Terichmir at 7708 m in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
During the times of Indus Valley Civilization (3300 BCE – 1300 BCE) the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Khyber Pass, through Hindu Kush provided a route to other neighbouring regions and was used by merchants on trade excursions.

Tirich Mir

Terich MirTirich
The range has numerous high snow-capped peaks, with the highest point being Tirich Mir or Terichmir at 7708 m in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Tirich Mir (Khowar/Pashto/undefined) (alternatively Terich Mir, Terichmir and Turch Mir) is the highest mountain of the Hindu Kush range, and the highest mountain in the world outside of the Himalayas-Karakoram range, located in Chitral District of Pakistan.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
The Hindu Kush (Pashto and Persian: هندوکش,meaningHindu frontier or frontier of the Hindus in Persian; ), also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus or Paropamisadae, is an 800 km mountain range that stretches through Afghanistan, from its centre to northern Pakistan and into Tajikistan and China.
The northern highlands contain the Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Pamir mountain ranges (see mountains of Pakistan), which contain some of the world's highest peaks, including five of the fourteen eight-thousanders (mountain peaks over 8000 m), which attract adventurers and mountaineers from all over the world, notably K2 (8611 m) and Nanga Parbat (8126 m).

Buddhas of Bamyan

Buddhas of BamiyanBamiyan BuddhasBamiyan
The Hindu Kush range region was a historically significant centre of Buddhism with sites such as the Bamiyan Buddhas.
Bamyan lies on the Silk Road, which runs through the Hindu Kush mountain region, in the Bamyan Valley.

Chitral District

ChitralLanguages of ChitralChitral region
The range has numerous high snow-capped peaks, with the highest point being Tirich Mir or Terichmir at 7708 m in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Chitral shares much of its history and culture with the neighboring Hindu-Kush territories of Gilgit-Baltistan, a region sometimes called "Peristan" because of the common belief in fairies (peri) inhabiting the high mountains.

Indian subcontinent

IndiasubcontinentIndian
The Hindu Kush range has also been the passageway during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent, and continues to be important during modern-era warfare in Afghanistan.
Geographically, it is the peninsular region in south-central Asia delineated by the Himalayas in the north, the Hindu Kush in the west, and the Arakanese in the east.

Central Asia

Central AsianCentralCentral Asian Republics
The range and communities settled in it hosted ancient monasteries, important trade networks, and travellers between Central Asia and South Asia.
In the south is Bactria, later called Tocharistan, which is bounded on the south by the Hindu Kush mountains of Afghanistan.

Kushan Pass

Kushan
Some 19th century encyclopaedias and gazetteers state that the term Hindu Kush originally applied only to the peak in the area of the Kushan Pass, which had become a centre of the Kushan Empire by the first century.
about 4,370 m or 14,340 ft) is a mountain pass just west of the famous Salang Pass (3,878 m. or 12,723 ft.) in the Hindu Kush mountain range of northern Afghanistan.

Khawak Pass

The central Hindu Kush rising over has numerous spurs between the Khawak Pass in the east and the Durāh Pass in the west.
Khawak Pass (elevation 3848 m) sits across the route heading to the northwest from near the head of the Panjshir Valley through the Hindu Kush range to northern Afghanistan via Andarab and Baghlan.

Kushan Empire

KushanKushansKushana
Some 19th century encyclopaedias and gazetteers state that the term Hindu Kush originally applied only to the peak in the area of the Kushan Pass, which had become a centre of the Kushan Empire by the first century.
The displaced Greek dynasties resettled to the southeast in areas of the Hindu Kush and the Indus basin (in present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan), occupying the western part of the Indo-Greek Kingdom.

Spīn Ghar

Safed KohSpin GharSafēd Kōh
Towards its southern end, it connects with the Spin Ghar Range near the Kabul River.
The Kabul River cuts a narrow trough through the Spīn Ghar mountains to flow eastward into the Indus River; otherwise, the range connects directly with the Shandur Top offshoot of the Hindu Kush mountain system.

Salang Tunnel

the tunneltunnel
The Salang Tunnel at and the extensive network of galleries on the approach roads were constructed with Soviet financial and technological assistance and involved drilling through the heart of the Hindu Kush.
The Salang Tunnel ( Tūnel-e Sālang) is a 2.67 km tunnel located at the Salang Pass in the Hindu Kush mountains, between the Parwan and Baghlan provinces of Afghanistan.

Yasin Valley

YasinYasin StateGupis
The range also extends into Ghizar, Yasin Valley, and Ishkoman in Pakistan's Northern Areas.
Yasin (undefined Yāsīn), also known as Babaye-i-Yasen (undefined) or Worshigum in the Khowar Language, (undefined Worśigūm), is a high mountain valley in the Hindu Kush mountains, in the northwestern Ghizer District in the territory of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan.

Nuristan Province

NuristanNurestanNurestan Province
The Eastern Hindu Kush range, also known as the High Hindu Kush range, is mostly located in northern Pakistan and the Nuristan and Badakhshan provinces of Afghanistan.
Located on the southern slopes of the Hindu Kush mountains in the northeastern part of the country, Nuristan spans the basins of the Alingar, Pech, Landai Sin, and Kunar rivers.

Sistan Basin

geographicalSīstān Basin
Rivers that flow from the mountain system include the Helmand River, the Hari River and the Kabul River, watersheds for the Sistan Basin.
The Helmand River drains the basin's largest watershed, fed mainly by snowmelt from the mountains of Hindu Kush, but other rivers contribute also.

Hari (Afghanistan)

Hari RiverTejen RiverHarirud
Rivers that flow from the mountain system include the Helmand River, the Hari River and the Kabul River, watersheds for the Sistan Basin.
The river originates in the Baba mountain range, part of the Hindu Kush system, and follows a relatively straight course to the west.

Landai Sin River

Landai SinBashgalLanday-Sin
The Chiantar, Kurambar, and Terich glaciers are amongst the most extensive in the Hindu Kush and the meltwater from these glaciers form the Kunar River, which eventually flows south into Afghanistan and joins the Bashgal, Panjshir, and eventually the much smaller Kabul River.
It rises in the Hindu Kush range near the Mandol Pass in the Nuristan Province of Afghanistan, and is fed from glaciers and snow to its north.

Helmand River

HelmandHelmand River ValleyHelmand Valley
The lower Sistan basin gets little rainfall (~50 mm per year) and the main source of water is the Helmand River which brings snowmelt water from the southern Hindu Kush.
It rises in the Hindu Kush mountains, about 80 km west of Kabul (34.56667°N, 68.55°W), passing north of the Unai Pass, in the eastern proximities of Hazarajat, in Behsud, Maidan Wardak, flows west to Daykundi and Uruzgan.