Hindu temple

MandirHindu templestempletemplesmandirsShiva templeHinduDevasthanamtemple complexHindu shrine
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of divinity.wikipedia
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Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu culture
It is a structure designed to bring human beings and gods together, using symbolism to express the ideas and beliefs of Hinduism.
These texts discuss theology, philosophy, mythology, Vedic yajna, Yoga, agamic rituals, and temple building, among other topics.

Vastu shastra

Vaastu ShastraVastuVaastu
Ancient builders of Hindu temples created manuals of architecture, called Vastu-Sastra (literally "science" of dwelling; vas-tu is a composite Sanskrit word; vas means "reside", tu means "you"); these contain Vastu-Vidya (literally, knowledge of dwelling).
Ancient Vastu Shastra principles include those for the design of Mandir (Hindu temples), and the principles for the design and layout of houses, towns, cities, gardens, roads, water works, shops and other public areas.

New Jersey

NJState of New JerseyJersey
The Swaminarayanan Akshardham in Robbinsville, New Jersey, United States, between the New York and Philadelphia metropolitan areas, was inaugurated in 2014 as one of the world's largest Hindu temples.
The world's largest Hindu temple was inaugurated in Robbinsville in 2014, a BAPS temple.

Garbhagriha

garbha grihaSreekovilgarba griha
It is this garbha-griya which devotees seek for ‘‘darsana’’ (literally, a sight of knowledge, or vision ).
Garbhagriha is the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost sanctuary of a Hindu and Jain temples where resides the murti (idol or icon) of the primary deity of the temple.

Palm-leaf manuscript

palm leaf manuscriptpalm leaf manuscriptspalm-leaf manuscripts
Palm-leaf manuscripts called lontar in dedicated stone libraries have been discovered by archaeologists at Hindu temples in Bali Indonesia and in 10th century Cambodian temples such as Angkor Wat and Banteay Srei.
Hindu temples often served as centers where ancient manuscripts were routinely used for learning and where the texts were copied when they wore out.

Candi of Indonesia

canditemplecandis
Indonesian candi developed regional forms.
A candi is a Hindu or Buddhist temple in Indonesia, mostly built during the Zaman Hindu-Buddha or "Hindu-Buddhist period", between the 4th and 15th centuries.

Vishnu

Lord VishnuViṣṇuVisnu
Often it is this idol that gives the temple a local name, such as Visnu temple, Krishna temple, Rama temple, Narayana temple, Siva temple, Lakshmi temple, Ganesha temple, Durga temple, Hanuman temple, Surya temple, and others.
It is an inspiration for ancient artwork in numerous Hindu temples such as at the Ellora Caves, which depict the Trivikrama legend through the Vamana avatar of Vishnu.

Conversion of non-Islamic places of worship into mosques

Conversion of non-Muslim places of worship into mosquesconverted into a mosqueconversion of churches into mosques
Some temples were converted into mosques, or parts used to build mosques.
As a result, Hindu temples, Jain temples, churches, synagogues, the Parthenon and Zoroastrian temples were converted into mosques.

Surya

SunSun GodSūrya
The mandala pada facing sunrise is dedicated to Surya deity (Sun).
More common than Surya temples are artwork related to Surya, which are found in all types of temples of various traditions within Hinduism, such as the Hindu temples related to Shiva, Vishnu, Ganesha and Shakti.

Shikhara

shikharSikharatower
Above the vastu-purusha-mandala is a superstructure with a dome called Shikhara in north India, and Vimana in south India, that stretches towards the sky.
When the temple acquired its shikhara tower, today considered more characteristic of Hindu temples, is uncertain.

Kailasa temple, Ellora

Kailash TempleKailasha templeKailasa Temple
Cave-style Hindu temples that were carved inside a rock, hidden and rediscovered centuries later, such as the Kailasha Temple, have also preferentially survived.
The Kailasha (IAST: Kailāśa) or Kailashanatha (IAST: Kailāśanātha) temple is one of the largest Indian rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in the Ellora Caves, Maharashtra, India.

Durga

MahishasuramardiniGoddess DurgaMahishamardini
Often it is this idol that gives the temple a local name, such as Visnu temple, Krishna temple, Rama temple, Narayana temple, Siva temple, Lakshmi temple, Ganesha temple, Durga temple, Hanuman temple, Surya temple, and others.
Durga is worshipped in Hindu temples across India and Nepal by Shakta Hindus.

Elephanta Caves

Elephanta
Ellora Temple is an example of the former, while The Elephanta Caves are representative of the latter style.
The linga shrine is surrounded by a mandapa and circumambulation path (pradakshina-patha) as in other Hindu temples.

Murti

murtisidolvigraha
The use of moveable and immoveable images is mentioned by Pāṇini.
Saumya images are most common in Hindu temples.

Namaste

Anjali mudraAñjali MudrāNamaskar
When inside the temple, devotees keep both hands folded (namaste mudra).
It is also found in numerous ancient and medieval era sculpture and mandapa relief artwork in Hindu temples.

Hindu temple architecture

NagaraNagara architecturetemple architecture
This forms a prominent feature of Koils, Hindu temples of the Dravidian style.
Hindu temple architecture as the main form of Hindu architecture has many varieties of style, though the basic nature of the Hindu temple remains the same, with the essential feature an inner sanctum, the garbha griha or womb-chamber, where the primary Murti or the image of a deity is housed in a simple bare cell.

Dravidian architecture

Dravidian style of architectureDravidianDravida
This forms a prominent feature of Koils, Hindu temples of the Dravidian style.
It consists primarily of Hindu temples where the dominating feature is the high gopura or gatehouse; large temples have several.

Ellora Caves

Elloracaves of ElloraEllora cave
Ellora Temple is an example of the former, while The Elephanta Caves are representative of the latter style.
It is modeled along similar lines to other Hindu temples with a gateway, an assembly hall, a multi-storey main temple surrounded by numerous shrines laid out according to the square principle, an integrated space for circumambulation, a garbha-grihya (sanctum sanctorum) wherein resides the linga-yoni, and a spire-shaped like Mount Kailash – all carved from one rock.

Robbinsville Township, New Jersey

Robbinsville TownshipRobbinsvilleRobbinsville, New Jersey
The Swaminarayanan Akshardham in Robbinsville, New Jersey, United States, between the New York and Philadelphia metropolitan areas, was inaugurated in 2014 as one of the world's largest Hindu temples.
* Swaminarayanan Akshardham – the world's largest Hindu temple, inaugurated in 2014

Nellaiappar Temple

Swami Nellaiappar TempleTirunelveli
The Pandyas rule created temples such as the Meenakshi Amman Temple at Madurai and Nellaiappar Temple at Tirunelveli.
Nellaiappar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Shiva, located in Tirunelveli, a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur

Brihadeeswarar TempleBrihadisvara TempleBrihadeeswara Temple
A very detailed early record from 1101 lists over 600 employees (excluding the priests) of the Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur, still one of the largest temples in Tamil Nadu. The Chola temples include Nataraja temple at Chidambaram, the Sri Ranganathaswami Temple at Srirangam, the Brihadeshvara Temple of Thanjavur, Brihadeshvara Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple of Darasuram which are among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brihadishvara Temple, also called Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyār Kōvil, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in South bank of Kaveri river in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam

Srirangam Ranganathaswamy templeRanganathaswamy TempleSrirangam
The Chola temples include Nataraja temple at Chidambaram, the Sri Ranganathaswami Temple at Srirangam, the Brihadeshvara Temple of Thanjavur, Brihadeshvara Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple of Darasuram which are among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple or Thiruvarangam is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of the Hindu deity Maha Vishnu, located in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India.

Vimana (architectural feature)

vimanaVimanamvimanas
Above the vastu-purusha-mandala is a superstructure with a dome called Shikhara in north India, and Vimana in south India, that stretches towards the sky.
Vimana is the structure over the garbhagriha or inner sanctum in the Hindu temples of South India and Odisha in East India.

Puja (Hinduism)

pujapoojapujas
In Bhakti school of Hinduism, temples are venues for puja, which is a hospitality ritual, where the deity is honored, and where devotee calls upon, attends to and connects with the deity.

Nataraja

NatarajLord NatarajaNatarajan
The Chola temples include Nataraja temple at Chidambaram, the Sri Ranganathaswami Temple at Srirangam, the Brihadeshvara Temple of Thanjavur, Brihadeshvara Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple of Darasuram which are among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The pose and artwork is described in many Hindu texts such as the Anshumadbhed agama and Uttarakamika agama, the dance relief or idol featured in all major Hindu temples of Shaivism.