Hindu texts

Hindu scripturesHindu scriptureHindu literatureHindu textHinduscripturesHindu epicsreligious textsshared textual resourcesTexts
Hindu texts are manuscripts and historical literature related to any of the diverse traditions within Hinduism.wikipedia
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Vedas

VedicVedaVedic literature
These include the Vedas and the Upanishads. It includes the four Vedas including its four types of embedded texts - the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the early Upanishads.
Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism.

Sanskrit

Sanskrit languageClassical SanskritSkt.
Many ancient and medieval Hindu texts were composed in Sanskrit, many others in regional Indian languages.
The body of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of philosophical and religious texts, as well as poetry, music, drama, scientific, technical and other texts.

Music of India

Indian musicIndianmusic
Composed in Vedic Sanskrit hymns, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The Hindu scriptures provide the early documented history and origin of arts and sciences forms in India such as music, dance, sculptures, architecture, astronomy, science, mathematics, medicine and wellness.
Smriti (500 BCE to 100 BCE ) post-vedic Hindu texts include Valmiki's Ramayana (500 BCE to 100 BCE) which mentions dance and music (dance by Apsaras such as Urvashi, Rambha, Menaka, Tilottama Panchāpsaras, and Ravana's wives excelling in nrityageeta or "singing and dancing" and nritavaditra or "playing musical instruments"), music and singing by Gandharvas, several string instruments (vina, tantri, vipanci and vallaki similar to veena), wind instruments (shankha, venu and venugana - likely a mouth organ made by tying several flutes together), raga (including kaushika such as raag kaushik dhwani), vocal registers (seven svara or sur, ana or ekashurti drag note, murchana the regulated rise and fall of voice in matra and tripramana three-fold teen taal laya such as drut or quick, madhya or middle, and vilambit or slow), poetry recitation in Bala Kanda and also in Uttara Kanda by Luv and Kusha in marga style.

Brahmana

BrahmanasBrāhmaṇaBrāhmaṇas
It includes the four Vedas including its four types of embedded texts - the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the early Upanishads.
They are a layer or category of Vedic Sanskrit texts embedded within each Veda, and form a part of the Hindu śruti literature.

Apauruṣeyā

apaurusheyatvaapauruṣeyaapaurusheya
Hindus consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya, which means "not of a man, superhuman" and "impersonal, authorless".
, or "impersonal, authorless", is a context used to describe the Vedas, the earliest scripture in Hinduism.

Shilpa Shastras

ManasaraShilpa Shastrashilpashastra
Other examples were bhautikashastra "physics", rasayanashastra "chemistry", jīvashastra "biology", vastushastra "architectural science", shilpashastra "science of sculpture", arthashastra "economics" and nītishastra "political science".
It is an ancient umbrella term for numerous Hindu texts that describe arts, crafts, and their design rules, principles and standards.

Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu culture
Composed in Vedic Sanskrit hymns, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. Hindu texts are manuscripts and historical literature related to any of the diverse traditions within Hinduism. Scholars hesitate in defining the term "Hindu scripture" given the diverse nature of Hinduism, many include Bhagavad Gita and Agamas as Hindu scriptures, while Dominic Goodall includes Bhagavata Purana and Yajnavalkya Smriti to the list of Hindu scriptures.
Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is linked by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology, shared textual resources, and pilgrimage to sacred sites.

Shiva

Lord ShivaSivaLord Siva
Composed primarily in Sanskrit, but also in regional languages, several of these texts are named after major Hindu deities such as Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Goddess Devi.
Shiva as we know him today shares many features with the Vedic god Rudra, and both Shiva and Rudra are viewed as the same personality in Hindu scriptures.

Sanskrit literature

SanskritSanskrit poetryClassical Sanskrit literature
Composed in Vedic Sanskrit hymns, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism.

Brahma

Lord BrahmaBrahmāBramha
In the Hindu Epic the Mahabharata, the creation of Vedas is credited to Brahma.
They are embedded within each of the four Vedas, and form a part of the Hindu śruti literature.

Vishnu

Lord VishnuViṣṇuVisnu
Composed primarily in Sanskrit, but also in regional languages, several of these texts are named after major Hindu deities such as Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Goddess Devi.
Vishnu is the primary focus of Vaishnavism-focused Puranas genre of Hindu texts.

Indian epic poetry

Hindu epicepicIndian epic
The ancient Sanskrit epics the Ramayana and Mahabharata comprise together the Itihāsa ("Writer has himself witnessed the story") or Mahākāvya ("Great Compositions"), a canon of Hindu scripture.

Dance in India

Indian dancedanceDance of India
The Hindu scriptures provide the early documented history and origin of arts and sciences forms in India such as music, dance, sculptures, architecture, astronomy, science, mathematics, medicine and wellness.
Odissi is traditionally a dance-drama genre of performance art, where the artist(s) and musicians play out a mythical story, a spiritual message or devotional poem from the Hindu texts, using symbolic costumes, body movement, abhinaya (expressions) and mudras (gestures and sign language) set out in ancient Sanskrit literature.

Brahman

BrahmBrahmaBrahmam
The concepts of Brahman (Ultimate Reality) and Ātman (Soul, Self) are central ideas in all the Upanishads, and "Know your Ātman" their thematic focus.
They are embedded within each of the four Vedas, and form a part of the Hindu śruti literature.

Bhagavad Gita

GitaBhagavad-GitaBhagvad Gita
Scholars hesitate in defining the term "Hindu scripture" given the diverse nature of Hinduism, many include Bhagavad Gita and Agamas as Hindu scriptures, while Dominic Goodall includes Bhagavata Purana and Yajnavalkya Smriti to the list of Hindu scriptures.

Agama (Hinduism)

AgamasAgamaAgamic
Scholars hesitate in defining the term "Hindu scripture" given the diverse nature of Hinduism, many include Bhagavad Gita and Agamas as Hindu scriptures, while Dominic Goodall includes Bhagavata Purana and Yajnavalkya Smriti to the list of Hindu scriptures.

Bhagavata Purana

Srimad BhagavatamBhagavataBhagavatam
Scholars hesitate in defining the term "Hindu scripture" given the diverse nature of Hinduism, many include Bhagavad Gita and Agamas as Hindu scriptures, while Dominic Goodall includes Bhagavata Purana and Yajnavalkya Smriti to the list of Hindu scriptures.

Yājñavalkya Smṛti

Yajnavalkya SmritiYājñavalkya
Scholars hesitate in defining the term "Hindu scripture" given the diverse nature of Hinduism, many include Bhagavad Gita and Agamas as Hindu scriptures, while Dominic Goodall includes Bhagavata Purana and Yajnavalkya Smriti to the list of Hindu scriptures.

Hindus

HinduShrimantHindoos
Composed primarily in Sanskrit, but also in regional languages, several of these texts are named after major Hindu deities such as Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Goddess Devi. There are two historic classifications of Hindu texts: Shruti – that which is heard, and Smriti – that which is remembered.

Śruti

SrutiShrutishrutis
There are two historic classifications of Hindu texts: Shruti – that which is heard, and Smriti – that which is remembered.

Smriti

smṛtiSmritisSmrti
There are two historic classifications of Hindu texts: Shruti – that which is heard, and Smriti – that which is remembered.

Religious text

scripturescripturesHoly Scripture
The Shruti refers to the body of most authoritative, ancient religious texts, believed to be eternal knowledge authored neither by human nor divine agent but transmitted by sages (rishis).

Samhita

SamhitasManusamhitaSaṃhita
It includes the four Vedas including its four types of embedded texts - the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the early Upanishads.

Upanishads

UpanishadUpanishadicUpanisads
These include the Vedas and the Upanishads. It includes the four Vedas including its four types of embedded texts - the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the early Upanishads. The concepts of Brahman (Ultimate Reality) and Ātman (Soul, Self) are central ideas in all the Upanishads, and "Know your Ātman" their thematic focus.

Vedanga

VedangasVedic scienceVedāngas
The Hindu scriptures provide the early documented history and origin of arts and sciences forms in India such as music, dance, sculptures, architecture, astronomy, science, mathematics, medicine and wellness. The Smriti literature is a vast corpus of diverse texts, and includes but is not limited to Vedāngas, the Hindu epics, the Sutras and Shastras, the texts of Hindu philosophies, the Puranas, the Kāvya or poetical literature, the Bhasyas, and numerous Nibandhas (digests) covering politics, ethics, culture, arts and society.