Hip replacement

hip replacement surgerytotal hip replacementhipartificial hiphemiarthroplastyhip surgerytotal hip arthroplastyHardinge lateral approach to the hipHip arthroplastyHip Joint Replacement
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.wikipedia
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Hip fracture

hip fracturesbroken hipintertrochanteric
Such joint replacement orthopaedic surgery is generally conducted to relieve arthritis pain or in some hip fractures. Other indications include rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, traumatic arthritis, protrusio acetabuli, certain hip fractures, benign and malignant bone tumors, arthritis associated with Paget's disease, ankylosing spondylitis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Options for surgery may include a total hip replacement or stabilizing the fracture with screws.

Surgery

surgicalsurgeonsurgical procedure
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.

Joint replacement

artificial jointjoint replacement surgeryjoint replacements
Such joint replacement orthopaedic surgery is generally conducted to relieve arthritis pain or in some hip fractures.
For example, a hip joint that is affected by osteoarthritis may be replaced entirely (total hip arthroplasty) with a prosthetic hip.

Orthopedic surgery

Orthopedicsorthopedicorthopedic surgeon
Such joint replacement orthopaedic surgery is generally conducted to relieve arthritis pain or in some hip fractures.
The modern total hip replacement was pioneered by Sir John Charnley, expert in tribology at Wrightington Hospital, England in the 1960s.

John Charnley

Sir John CharnleyCharnley total hip replacement technique
The modern artificial joint owes much to the 1962 work of Sir John Charnley at Wrightington Hospital.
He pioneered the hip replacement operation, which is now one of the most common operations both in the UK and elsewhere in the world, and created the "Wrightington centre for hip surgery".

Robin Ling

Robin Sydney Mackwood Ling
Its development occurred following a collaboration between Orthopaedic Surgeon Robin Ling and University of Exeter engineer Clive Lee and it was first implanted at the Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Hospital in Exeter in 1970.
Robin Sydney Mackwood Ling, (7 September 1927 – 9 October 2017) was an English surgeon who invented the Exeter hip system, a hip replacement.

Hip

hip jointhipship-joint
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.
The hip joint can be replaced by a prosthesis in a hip replacement operation due to fractures or illnesses such as osteoarthritis.

Ultrasonography of deep vein thrombosis

Ultrasonography of deep venous thrombosisUltrasonography for deep venous thrombosisultrasonography for deep vein thrombosis
Some physicians and patients may consider having an ultrasonography for deep vein thrombosis after hip replacement.
Knee or hip replacement are, by themselves, not indications to perform the procedure.

Avascular necrosis

osteonecrosisaseptic bone necrosisAseptic necrosis
Other indications include rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, traumatic arthritis, protrusio acetabuli, certain hip fractures, benign and malignant bone tumors, arthritis associated with Paget's disease, ankylosing spondylitis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
A variety of methods may be used to treat the most common being the total hip replacement (THR).

Vancouver classification

Post-operative femoral fractures are graded by the Vancouver classification.
The Vancouver classification is a grading system used in orthopaedics to determine management of post-operative periprosthetic femoral fractures following a hip arthroplasty.

Protrusio acetabuli

abnormally deep hip sockets
Other indications include rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, traumatic arthritis, protrusio acetabuli, certain hip fractures, benign and malignant bone tumors, arthritis associated with Paget's disease, ankylosing spondylitis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Secondary protrusio acetabuli's causes include femoral head prosthesis, cup arthroplasty, septic arthritis, central fracture dislocation, or total hip replacement surgery

Joint replacement registry

Data which are shown in The Australian Orthopaedic Association's 2008 National Joint replacement registry, a record of nearly every hip implanted in that country over the previous 10 years, tracked 6,773 BHR (Birmingham Hip Resurfacing) Hips and found that less than 0.33% may have been revised due to the patient's reaction to the metal component.
Registers collect information on a combination of hip replacements, knee replacements (both total and unicompartmental), shoulder replacements, ankle replacements and elbow replacements.

Osteolysis

osteolyticcariesosteolytic bone lesions
Many long-term problems with hip replacements are the result of osteolysis.
While bone resorption is commonly associated with many diseases or joint problems, the term osteolysis generally refers to a problem common to artificial joint replacements such as total hip replacements, total knee replacements and total shoulder replacements.

Arthroplasty

joint replacementMAKOplastyorthopedic implant
The replacement joint, which was known as the Low Friction Arthroplasty, was lubricated with synovial fluid.
For example a hip joint that is affected by osteoarthritis may be replaced entirely (total hip arthroplasty) with a prosthetic hip.

Implant (medicine)

implantimplantsmedical implant
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.
The many examples of implant failure include rupture of silicone breast implants, hip replacement joints, and artificial heart valves, such as the Bjork–Shiley valve, all of which have caused FDA intervention.

Clive Lee

Its development occurred following a collaboration between Orthopaedic Surgeon Robin Ling and University of Exeter engineer Clive Lee and it was first implanted at the Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Hospital in Exeter in 1970.
Clive Lee (born 1939) is a British engineer known for his work on the Exeter hip system in association with orthopaedic surgeon, Robin Ling.

Cobalt poisoning

cobalt toxicity
There are reports of cobalt toxicity with hip replacement.
Another source is from wear and tear of certain metal-on-metal hip prostheses.

Deep vein thrombosis

deep venous thrombosisdeep-vein thrombosisDVT
Venous thrombosis such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are relatively common following hip replacement surgery.
Major orthopedic surgery—total hip replacement, total knee replacement, or hip fracture surgery—has a high risk of causing VTE.

Hip resurfacing

Birmingham hip (BHR)device for hip resurfacing
Hip resurfacing is an alternative to hip replacement surgery.
Hip resurfacing has been developed as a surgical alternative to total hip replacement (THR).

Polyethylene

polythenePEpolyethene
It is commonly used for the construction of articular portions of implants used for hip and knee replacements.

2010 DePuy Hip Recall

DePuy hip litigationDepuy hip replacementsDePuy Orthopaedics' defective hip implants
The 2010 DePuy Hip Replacement Recall was instituted when DePuy Orthopaedics, Inc., a division of Johnson and Johnson, recalled its ASR XL Acetabular metal-on-metal hip replacement system on August 24, 2010.

Hip prosthesis zones

Gruen zone
After hip replacement, hip prosthesis zones are regions in the interface between prosthesis material and the surrounding bone.

Minimally invasive hip resurfacing

The minimally invasive hip resurfacing procedure is a further refinement to hip resurfacing.
The modified posterior MIS approach to hip resurfacing and total hip arthroplasty (hip replacement) displays a host of advantages to the patient:

Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene

DyneemaUHMWPESpectra
The UHMWPE acetabular component was introduced in 1962.
Highly cross-linked UHMWPE materials were clinically introduced in 1998 and have rapidly become the standard of care for total hip replacements, at least in the United States.

Computer-assisted surgery

Computer assisted surgerysurgical navigationSurgical navigation system
Computer-assisted surgery and robotic surgery techniques are also available to guide the surgeon to provide enhanced accuracy.
The application of robotic surgery is widespread in orthopedics, especially in routine interventions, like total hip replacement or pedicle screw insertion during spinal fusion.