Hirsutism

increased hair growthhirsuteexcessive hair growthexcessive facial/body hair growthhair growthhairyexcess body and facial hairexcess facial and body hairexcess hair growthexcessive body hair growth
Hirsutism is excessive body hair in men and women on parts of the body where hair is normally absent or minimal.wikipedia
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Ferriman–Gallwey score

Ferriman-Gallwey score
The amount and location of the hair is measured by a Ferriman-Gallwey score.
The Ferriman–Gallwey score is a method of evaluating and quantifying hirsutism in women.

Hyperandrogenism

hyperandrogenicandrogen excesshigh androgen levels
Other symptoms associated with a high level of male hormones include acne, deepening of the voice, and increased muscle mass. The condition is called hyperandrogenism.
Symptoms may include acne, seborrhea (inflamed skin), hair loss on the scalp, increased body or facial hair, and infrequent or absent menstruation.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

PCOSPolycystic Ovarian Syndromepolycystic ovaries
Diagnosis of patients with even mild hirsutism should include assessment of ovulation and ovarian ultrasound, due to the high prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), as well as 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (because of the possibility of finding nonclassic 21-hydroxylase deficiency ).
Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin.

Hair follicle

hair folliclesfolliclefollicles
Hirsutism can be caused by either an increased level of androgens, the male hormones, or an oversensitivity of hair follicles to androgens.
Well known diseases of the hair follicle include alopecia or hair loss, hirsutism or excess hair growth and lupus erythematosus.

Ovarian cancer

ovarianovarian carcinomaovary
Other common symptoms include hirsutism, abdominal pain, virilization, and an adnexal mass.

Adrenal gland

adrenal glandsadrenalsuprarenal gland
Hirsutism is usually the result of an underlying endocrine imbalance, which may be adrenal, ovarian, or central.
The disease produces a wide variety of signs and symptoms which include obesity, diabetes, increased blood pressure, excessive body hair (hirsutism), osteoporosis, depression, and most distinctively, stretch marks in the skin, caused by its progressive thinning.

Facial hair

facialfacepogonotrophy
Hirsutism affects members of either sex, since rising androgen levels can cause excessive body hair, particularly in locations where women normally do not develop terminal hair during puberty (chest, abdomen, back, and face).
Excessive hairiness (especially facially) is known as hirsutism and is usually an indication of atypical hormonal variation.

Adrenocortical carcinoma

Adrenal cortical carcinomaadrenal carcinomaadrenal carcinomas
Virilism (androgen excess) is most obvious in women, and may produce excess facial and body hair, acne, enlargement of the clitoris, deepening of the voice, coarsening of facial features, cessation of menstruation.

Acne

acne vulgariscystic acneAcne scarring
Other symptoms associated with a high level of male hormones include acne, deepening of the voice, and increased muscle mass. The condition is called hyperandrogenism.
Antiandrogens such as cyproterone acetate and spironolactone have been used successfully to treat acne, especially in women with signs of excessive androgen production such as increased hairiness or skin production of sebum, or baldness.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

adrenal hyperplasiaadrenogenital syndromeadrenal hyperplasia, congenital
In cases of hyperandrogenism specifically due to congenital adrenal hyperplasia, administration of glucocorticoids will return androgen levels to normal.
Young women may present with symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (oligomenorrhea, polycystic ovaries, hirsutism).

Virilization

masculinizationdemasculinizationvirilizing
Signs that are suggestive of an androgen-secreting tumor in a patient with hirsutism is rapid onset, virilization and palpable abdominal mass.
Virilization in females can manifest as clitoral enlargement, increased muscle strength, acne, hirsutism, frontal hair thinning, deepening of the voice, and menstrual disruption due to anovulation.

Cushing's syndrome

Cushing syndromeCushing’s syndromehypercortisolism
Other symptoms include excess sweating, dilation of capillaries, thinning of the skin (which causes easy bruising and dryness, particularly the hands) and mucous membranes, purple or red striae (the weight gain in Cushing's syndrome stretches the skin, which is thin and weakened, causing it to hemorrhage) on the trunk, buttocks, arms, legs, or breasts, proximal muscle weakness (hips, shoulders), and hirsutism (facial male-pattern hair growth), baldness and/or extremely dry and brittle hair.

Pituitary adenoma

pituitary tumorpituitary adenomaspituitary tumour
In women it may cause excessive growth of facial hair (hirsutism) and in men erectile dysfunction.

Hyperthecosis

The luteinized cells produce androgens, which may lead to hirsutism and virilization (or masculinization) in affected women.

Sertoli–Leydig cell tumour

Sertoli-Leydig cell tumorarrhenoblastomaSertoli-Leydig cell tumour
Additional signs include acne and hirsutism, voice deepening, clitoromegaly, temporal hair recession, and an increase in musculature.

Chest hair

chest
Hirsutism affects members of either sex, since rising androgen levels can cause excessive body hair, particularly in locations where women normally do not develop terminal hair during puberty (chest, abdomen, back, and face).
This medical term has to be distinguished from hirsutism that just affects women.

Spironolactone

AldactoneAldactazideSpironalactone
It is also used in the treatment of high blood pressure, low blood potassium that does not improve with supplementation, early puberty in boys, acne and excessive hair growth in women, and as a part of feminizing hormone therapy in transgender women.

Insulin

insulin geneINShuman insulin
Growing evidence implicates high circulating levels of insulin in women for the development of hirsutism.

Antiandrogen

antiandrogensandrogen synthesis inhibitoranti-androgen
Treatments may include birth control pills that contain estrogen and progestin, antiandrogens, or insulin sensitizers.
In women, antiandrogens are used to treat acne, seborrhea, excessive hair growth, scalp hair loss, and high androgen levels, such as those that occur in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Cyproterone acetate

AndrocurDepot cyproterone acetate
Cyproterone acetate (CPA), sold alone under the brand name Androcur or with ethinylestradiol under the brand names Diane or Diane-35 among others, is an antiandrogen and progestin medication which is used in the treatment of androgen-dependent conditions like acne, excessive hair growth, early puberty, and prostate cancer, as a component of feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women, and in birth control pills.

Abdominal hair

abdomenabdominal
Hirsutism affects members of either sex, since rising androgen levels can cause excessive body hair, particularly in locations where women normally do not develop terminal hair during puberty (chest, abdomen, back, and face).
Excessive abdominal hair on women, following the male pattern, is a type of hirsutism.

Flutamide

Eulexin
It is also used in the treatment of androgen-dependent conditions like acne, excessive hair growth, and high androgen levels in women.

Anabolic steroid

anabolic steroidsanabolic-androgenic steroidanabolic–androgenic steroid
Female-specific side effects include increases in body hair, permanent deepening of the voice, enlarged clitoris, and temporary decreases in menstrual cycles.

Finasteride

PropeciaProscarPropecia/Proscar
It can also be used to treat excessive hair growth in women and as a part of hormone therapy for transgender women.

Bicalutamide

Casodex
Bicalutamide may also be used to treat excessive hair growth in women, as a component of feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women, to treat early puberty in boys, and to prevent overly long-lasting erections in men.