Hispania Ulterior

Further SpainSpainFarther SpainHispania
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).wikipedia
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Hispania

SpainRomanRomans
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).
Under the Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior.

Lusitania

LusitanianProvince of LusitaniaRoman period
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).
Its capital was Emerita Augusta (currently Mérida, Spain), and it was initially part of the Roman Republic province of Hispania Ulterior, before becoming a province of its own in the Roman Empire.

Iberian Peninsula

IberiaIberianPeninsula
Hispania is the Latin term given to the Iberian peninsula.
It was divided into Hispania Ulterior and Hispania Citerior during the late Roman Republic, and during the Roman Empire, it was divided into Hispania Tarraconensis in the northeast, Hispania Baetica in the south and Lusitania in the southwest.

Hispania Citerior

HispaniaHither SpainNearer Spain
These two regions are Hispania Citerior (Nearer Hispania) and Hispania Ulterior (Further Hispania).
Further south there was the Roman Province of Hispania Ulterior ("Further Iberia"), being further away from Rome.

Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus

Decimus Junius BrutusBrutusD. Brutus
As Appian claims, “[the consuls] took the command not for the advantage of the city [Rome], but for glory, or gain, or the honour of a triumph.” The area was largely conquered by the consul Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus in 138 BC, but war continued until 19 BC when Agrippa defeated the Cantabrians in Hispania Citerior and Hispania had finally been completely conquered.
Appian (who wrongly identified Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus as a praetor called Sextius Junius Brutus) wrote that (in 138 BC) Brutus was sent to the Roman province of Hispania Ulterior (Further Spain, in modern Andalusia in the south) to deal with many guerrilla bands which were raiding Lusitania in emulation of Viriathus, the Lusitanian chieftain who led the Lusitanian War (or Fiery War, 155–139 BC) against the Romans and who had been assassinated the year before.

Roman province

provinceprovincesprovincial
197 BC - Hispania Ulterior; along the southern coast of the Iberian Peninsula; part of the territories taken over from the Carthaginians in the Second Punic War

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Hispania Baetica

BaeticaRomanBetica
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Guadalquivir

Guadalquivir RiverBaetisRiver Guadalquivir
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Spain

🇪🇸SpanishESP
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Portugal

Portuguese🇵🇹POR
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Extremadura

Autonomous Community of ExtremaduraEstremaduraExtramadura
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Province of Salamanca

SalamancaSalamanca province Salamanca province
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Gallaecia

GaliciaCalaicians or GallaeciGallaecian
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Galicia (Spain)

GaliciaGalicianGalicians
Hispania Ulterior (English: "Further Iberia", or occasionally "Thither Iberia" ) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia).

Ennius

Quintus EnniusEnnian
The term can be traced back to at least 200 BC by the poet Quintus Ennius.

Punics

PunicCarthaginiansCarthaginian
The word is possibly derived from the Punic אי שפן "I-Shaphan" meaning "coast of hyraxes", in turn a misidentification on the part of Phoenician explorers of its numerous rabbits as hyraxes.

Hyrax

hyraxesdassiehyracoid
The word is possibly derived from the Punic אי שפן "I-Shaphan" meaning "coast of hyraxes", in turn a misidentification on the part of Phoenician explorers of its numerous rabbits as hyraxes.

Phoenicia

PhoenicianPhoeniciansPhoenicio
The word is possibly derived from the Punic אי שפן "I-Shaphan" meaning "coast of hyraxes", in turn a misidentification on the part of Phoenician explorers of its numerous rabbits as hyraxes.

Rabbit

rabbitsbunnybunnies
The word is possibly derived from the Punic אי שפן "I-Shaphan" meaning "coast of hyraxes", in turn a misidentification on the part of Phoenician explorers of its numerous rabbits as hyraxes.

Cassius Dio

DioDio CassiusDion Cass.
According to ancient historian Cassius Dio, the people of the region came from many different tribes, not sharing a common language nor a common government.

First Punic War

FirstPunic War First
After losing control of Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica in the 1st Punic War, Carthage began to expand into the south of the Iberian peninsula.

Second Punic War

2nd Punic WarSecondHannibalic War
Soon afterwards, the 2nd Punic War began.

Scipio Africanus

ScipioPublius Cornelius ScipioPublius Cornelius Scipio Africanus
Much of the war involved Hispania until Scipio Africanus seized control from Hannibal and the Carthaginians in the Battle of Ilipa in 206 BC; four years later, Carthage surrendered and ceded its control of the region to Rome after Carthage's defeat in 201 BC.